2. Minimum and Maximum Duration of Hayd

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَشْيَمَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ أَدْنَى مَا يَكُونُ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ فَقَالَ ثَلاَثَةٌ وَأَكْثَرُهُ عَشَرَةٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Ushaym from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the minimum and maximum period of time of Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is three days and its maximum is not more than ten days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/204)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ أَقَلُّ مَا يَكُونُ الْحَيْضُ ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَأَكْثَرُ مَا يَكُونُ عَشَرَةُ أَيَّامٍ.


2. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The minimum duration of Hayd (menses) is three days and its maximum is ten days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/204)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ أَدْنَى مَا يَكُونُ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ فَقَالَ أَدْنَاهُ ثَلاَثَةٌ وَأَبْعَدُهُ عَشَرَةٌ.


3. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from Safwan ibn Yahya who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the minimum duration of Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘Its minimum is three days and the longest is ten days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/204)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لاَ يَكُونُ الْقُرْءُ فِي أَقَلَّ مِنْ عَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ فَمَا زَادَ أَقَلُّ مَا يَكُونُ عَشَرَةٌ مِنْ حِينِ تَطْهُرُ إِلَى أَنْ تَرَى الدَّمَ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Safwan from al-‘Ala’ from, Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The minimum Hayd (menses) free period is ten days, that is, the time from the end of one period of Hayd (menses) to the beginning of the second one.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/204)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ أَدْنَى الطُّهْرِ عَشَرَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ أَوَّلَ مَا تَحِيضُ رُبَّمَا كَانَتْ كَثِيرَةَ الدَّمِ فَيَكُونُ حَيْضُهَا عَشَرَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَلاَ تَزَالُ كُلَّمَا كَبِرَتْ نَقَصَتْ حَتَّى تَرْجِعَ إِلَى ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فَإِذَا رَجَعَتْ إِلَى ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ ارْتَفَعَ حَيْضُهَا وَلاَ يَكُونُ أَقَلَّ مِنْ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فَإِذَا رَأَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الدَّمَ فِي أَيَّامِ حَيْضِهَا تَرَكَتِ الصَّلاَةَ فَإِنِ اسْتَمَرَّ بِهَا الدَّمُ ثَلاَثَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَهِيَ حَائِضٌ وَإِنِ انْقَطَعَ الدَّمُ بَعْدَ مَا رَأَتْهُ يَوْماً أَوْ يَوْمَيْنِ اغْتَسَلَتْ وَصَلَّتْ وَانْتَظَرَتْ مِنْ يَوْمَ رَأَتِ الدَّمَ إِلَى عَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ فَإِنْ رَأَتْ فِي تِلْكَ الْعَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ يَوْمَ رَأَتِ الدَّمَ يَوْماً أَوْ يَوْمَيْنِ حَتَّى يَتِمَّ لَهَا ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي رَأَتْهُ فِي أَوَّلِ الأمْرِ مَعَ هَذَا الَّذِي رَأَتْهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فِي الْعَشَرَةِ فَهُوَ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ وَإِنْ مَرَّ بِهَا مِنْ يَوْمَ رَأَتِ الدَّمَ عَشَرَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَلَمْ تَرَ الدَّمَ فَذَلِكَ الْيَوْمُ وَالْيَوْمَانِ الَّذِي رَأَتْهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ إِنَّمَا كَانَ مِنْ عِلَّةٍ إِمَّا مِنْ قَرْحَةٍ فِي جَوْفِهَا وَإِمَّا مِنَ الْجَوْفِ فَعَلَيْهَا أَنْ تُعِيدَ الصَّلاَةَ تِلْكَ الْيَوْمَيْنِ الَّتِي تَرَكَتْهَا لأَنَّهَا لَمْ تَكُنْ حَائِضاً فَيَجِبُ أَنْ تَقْضِيَ مَا تَرَكَتْ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ فِي الْيَوْمِ وَالْيَوْمَيْنِ وَإِنْ تَمَّ لَهَا ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ فَهُوَ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ وَهُوَ أَدْنَى الْحَيْضِ وَلَمْ يَجِبْ عَلَيْهَا الْقَضَاءُ وَلاَ يَكُونُ الطُّهْرُ أَقَلَّ مِنْ عَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ فَإِذَا حَاضَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَكَانَ حَيْضُهَا خَمْسَةَ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ انْقَطَعَ الدَّمُ اغْتَسَلَتْ وَصَلَّتْ فَإِنْ رَأَتْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ الدَّمَ وَلَمْ يَتِمَّ لَهَا مِنْ يَوْمَ طَهُرَتْ عَشَرَةُ أَيَّامٍ فَذَلِكَ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ تَدَعُ الصَّلاَةَ وَإِنْ رَأَتِ الدَّمَ مِنْ أَوَّلِ مَا رَأَتِ الثَّانِيَ الَّذِي رَأَتْهُ تَمَامَ الْعَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَدَامَ عَلَيْهَا عَدَّتْ مِنْ أَوَّلِ مَا رَأَتِ الدَّمَ الأوَّلَ وَالثَّانِيَ عَشَرَةَ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ هِيَ مُسْتَحَاضَةٌ تَعْمَلُ مَا تَعْمَلُهُ الْمُسْتَحَاضَةُ وَقَالَ كُلُّ مَا رَأَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ فِي أَيَّامِ حَيْضِهَا مِنْ صُفْرَةٍ أَوْ حُمْرَةٍ فَهُوَ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ وَكُلُّ مَا رَأَتْهُ بَعْدَ أَيَّامِ حَيْضِهَا فَلَيْسَ مِنَ الْحَيْضِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The minimum duration of Hayd (menses) free period is ten days. This is because when a woman experiences Hayd (menses) it is of a greater amount and it takes ten days. It continues and as time passes and she grows older, the duration of her Hayd (menses) reduces to three days. In this condition it does not go higher and it is not less than three days. “During her experiencing Hayd (menses) within the date of her Hayd (menses) she must stop performing Salah (prayer). If blood discharge continues for three days it counts as her period of Hayd (menses); but if blood discharge stops within a day or two, she must take Ghusl (bath) and perform her Salah (prayer). She then waits for ten days from the first day blood discharge had started. If she experiences blood discharge within that period of ten days for one or two days to complete three days, then what she had experienced before along with this one within ten days all are of her Hayd (menses). If however, for ten days after the first day she experienced blood discharge she does not experience any blood discharge, then one or two days of blood discharge is not of Hayd (menses). Such discharge can happen because of her internal problems, such as an injury or from internal problems. She must redo her Salah (prayer) missed during such one or two days in which she had stopped performing Salah (prayer). If blood discharge continues for three days, it then is Hayd (menses), which is the minimum duration of Hayd (menses). It is not necessary to perform Salah (prayer) as remedy for those missed during experiencing menses. The duration of the period free of menses is not less than ten days. If she experiences blood discharge for five days then blood discharge stops, she must take Ghusl (bath) and perform her Salah (prayer). If she experiences blood discharge after this and before ten days from theday blood discharge had stopped this as well is of her menses, and during such time she stops performing her Salah (prayer). If she experiences blood discharge which begins from the end of ten days that she had already experienced and it continues for several more days above the first ten days and the second discharge it (that which is above ten days) is of Istihadah (irregular menses) during which she follows the rules about Istihadah (irregular menses).’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Blood discharge, during her established period of menses, of yellow or red color is of menses and whatever discharge takes place after the duration of her menses is not of Hayd (menses).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/205)