13. Construction of the Masjid of the Holy Prophet

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَنَى مَسْجِدَهُ بِالسَّمِيطِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَثُرُوا فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ الله لَوْ أَمَرْتَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ فَزِيدَ فِيهِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ فَزِيدَ فِيهِ وَبَنَاهُ بِالسَّعِيدَةِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَثُرُوا فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ الله لَوْ أَمَرْتَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ فَزِيدَ فِيهِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ فَزِيدَ فِيهِ وَبَنَى جِدَارَهُ بِالأنْثَى وَالذَّكَرِ ثُمَّ اشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الْحَرُّ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ الله لَوْ أَمَرْتَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ فَظُلِّلَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ فَأُقِيمَتْ فِيهِ سَوَارٍ مِنْ جُذُوعِ النَّخْلِ ثُمَّ طُرِحَتْ عَلَيْهِ الْعَوَارِضُ وَالْخَصَفُ وَالإِذْخِرُ فَعَاشُوا فِيهِ حَتَّى أَصَابَتْهُمُ الأمْطَارُ فَجَعَلَ الْمَسْجِدُ يَكِفُ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ الله لَوْ أَمَرْتَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ فَطُيِّنَ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لاَ عَرِيشٌ كَعَرِيشِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَلَمْ يَزَلْ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى قُبِضَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَكَانَ جِدَارُهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُظَلَّلَ قَامَةً فَكَانَ إِذَا كَانَ الْفَيْ‏ءُ ذِرَاعاً وَهُوَ قَدْرُ مَرْبِضِ عَنْزٍ صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ وَإِذَا كَانَ ضِعْفَ ذَلِكَ صَلَّى الْعَصْرَ وَقَالَ السَّمِيطُ لَبِنَةٌ لَبِنَةٌ وَالسَّعِيدَةُ لَبِنَةٌ وَنِصْفٌ وَالذَّكَرُ وَالأنْثَى لَبِنَتَانِ مُخَالِفَتَانِ.


1. Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The Messenger of Allah built his Masjid with an arrangement of one brick. The number of Muslims increased and they asked, “O Messenger of Allah, issue a command to expand the Masjid.” He responded positively and commanded to expand it and it was expanded. It was built with an arrangement of one and a half bricks. Then Muslims became greater in number and they asked the Messenger of Allah to expand the Masjid again. He agreed and commanded to increase the size of the Masjid and this time, the walls were built with an arrangement of bricks. (The arrangements of bricks, as mentioned, apply more clearly to the width of the wall). When during the warm season it became hot, they asked the Messenger of Allah to provide shadow. He agreed and commanded them to do so, they placed beams of palm tree trunks over which branches and bushes were placed. They remained until it rained and water leaked down upon them. They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, we wish you command to cover the roof of the Masjid with clay.” The Messenger of Allah said to them, “There must be no trellises like the trellis of Moses.” It remained in that form until the Holy prophet passed away. The height of the walls before placing the roof was of the size of the height of a man. When the length of its shadow would become of the size of one yard, which is of the size of a goat, they would perform Salah (prayer) soon after noontime. When its length doubled, they would perform ‘Al-‘Asr Salah (prayer).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/67)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الَّذِي أُسِّسَ عَلَى التَّقْوَى قَالَ مَسْجِدُ قُبَا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the Masjid which was built for a pious purpose. He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is Masjid al-Quba””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/68)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ وَغَيْرُهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مُوسَى بْنُ أُكَيْلٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الأعْلَى مَوْلَى آلِ سَامٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) كَمْ كَانَ مَسْجِدُ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ كَانَ ثَلاَثَةِ آلاَفٍ وَسِتَّمِائَةِ ذِرَاعٍ تَكْسِيراً.


3. Ahmad ibn Idris and other people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn ’Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id who has said that Musa ibn ‘Ukayl narrated from ‘Abd al-‘A’la’ from Mawla Ala Sam who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What was the size of Masjid of the Messenger of Allah?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It was three thousand and six hundred square yards.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول أو حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/68)