26. Minimum and Maximum Tasbih in Ruku‘ and Sajdah

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) تَدْرِي أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ حَدُّ الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ قُلْتُ لاَ قَالَ تُسَبِّحُ فِي الرُّكُوعِ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ وَفِي السُّجُودِ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأعْلَى وَبِحَمْدِهِ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَمَنْ نَقَصَ وَاحِدَةً نَقَصَ ثُلُثَ صَلاَتِهِ وَمَنْ نَقَصَ ثِنْتَيْنِ نَقَصَ ثُلُثَيْ صَلاَتِهِ وَمَنْ لَمْ يُسَبِّحْ فَلاَ صَلاَةَ لَهُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Abd al-Malik from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once asked me, ’Do you know what the limits of Ruku’ (bowing down on one’s knees) and Sujud (prostration) are?’ I replied, ’No, I do not know them.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Say Tasbih (my Lord, (Allah) most Great, is free of all defects and I praise Him) in Ruku’ three times. In Sujud position say, ’My Lord, (Allah) most High, is free of all defects and I praise Him. One who reduces one of these Tasbih has reduced one-third of his Salah (prayer). One who has reduced two of them has reduced two-thirds of his Salah (prayer) and one who does not say Tasbih has lost his Salah (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/141)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي فَعَدَدْتُ لَهُ فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ سِتِّينَ تَسْبِيحَةً.


2. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from ibn Faddal from Ahmad ibn ‘Umar al-Halabiy from his father from Aban ibn Taghlib who has said the following: “I once went to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when he performed Salah (prayer). I counted his Tasbih in Ruku’ (bowing down on one’s knees) and Sujud (prostration) which were sixty Tasbih.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/142)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ وَالْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ قَالاَ دَخَلْنَا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَعِنْدَهُ قَوْمٌ فَصَلَّى بِهِمُ الْعَصْرَ وَقَدْ كُنَّا صَلَّيْنَا فَعَدَدْنَا لَهُ فِي رُكُوعِهِ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ أَرْبَعاً وَثَلاَثِينَ أَوْ ثَلاَثاً وَثَلاَثِينَ مَرَّةً وَقَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا فِي حَدِيثِهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ سَوَاءً هَذَا لأَنَّهُ عَلِمَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) احْتِمَالَ الْقَوْمِ لِطُولِ رُكُوعِهِ وَسُجُودِهِ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ رُوِيَ أَنَّ الْفَضْلَ لِلإِمَامِ أَنْ يُخَفِّفَ وَيُصَلِّيَ بِأَضْعَفِ الْقَوْمِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Fiamzah ibn Humran and al-Hassan ibn Ziyad who have said the following: “Once we went to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when there a group of people was with him. He (the Imam) performed al-’Asr Salah (prayer) with them and we had already performed our Salah (prayer). We counted the number of Tasbih (my Lord, (Allah) most Great, is free of all defects) thirty- three or thirty-four times. One of them (narrators) in his Hadith has said that the number of his Tasbih (my Lord, (Allah) most Great, is free of all defects and I praise Him) in both Ruku’ and Sujud (prostration) were of the same number. This is because he (the Imam) knew they were ready for lengthy Ruku’ and Sujud (prostration). This also is because of a Hadith that it is better for an Imam to make it light and perform Salah (prayer) according to the condition of the weakest of the people (performing Salah (prayer) with him).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/142)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَدْنَى مَا يُجْزِئُ الْمَرِيضَ مِنَ التَّسْبِيحِ فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ قَالَ تَسْبِيحَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’How many Tasbih is sufficient in Ruku’ (bowing down on one’s knees) and in Sujud (prostration) in the case of one suffering from illness?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘One Tasbih is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/142)



5ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مَا مِنْ كَلِمَةٍ أَخَفَّ عَلَى اللِّسَانِ مِنْهَا وَلاَ أَبْلَغَ مِنْ سُبْحَانَ الله قَالَ قُلْتُ يُجْزِئُنِي فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ أَنْ أَقُولَ مَكَانَ التَّسْبِيحِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَالْحَمْدُ لله وَالله أَكْبَرُ قَالَ نَعَمْ كُلُّ ذَا ذِكْرُ الله قَالَ قُلْتُ الْحَمْدُ لله وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله قَدْ عَرَفْنَاهُمَا فَمَا تَفْسِيرُ سُبْحَانَ الله قَالَ أَنَفَةٌ لله أَ مَا تَرَى الرَّجُلَ إِذَا عَجِبَ مِنَ الشَّيْ‏ءِ قَالَ سُبْحَانَ الله.


5. Ali has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘No word is lighter, easier and more eloquent for the tongue than Subhana Allah (Allah is free of all defects).’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘Can I say Tahlil (no one deserves worship except Allah), Tahmid (it is Allah only who deserves all praise) and Takbir (Allah is great beyond description), instead of Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, all of them are speaking of Allah.’ I (the narrator) said, ‘We know the meaning of Tahmid (it is Allah only who deserves all praise) and Tahlil (no one deserves worship except Allah). What is the explanation of Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is to speak of the glory of Allah, consider when a man is marveled because of something says, ‘Subhana Allah (Allah is free of all defects).””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/142)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مَرْوَكِ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّي إِمَامُ مَسْجِدِ الْحَيِّ فَأَرْكَعُ بِهِمْ فَأَسْمَعُ خَفَقَانَ نِعَالِهِمْ وَأَنَا رَاكِعٌ فَقَالَ اصْبِرْ رُكُوعَكَ وَمِثْلَ رُكُوعِكَ فَإِنِ انْقَطَعَ وَإِلاَّ فَانْتَصِبْ قَائِماً.


6. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from certain persons of our people from Marwak ibn ‘Ubayd from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “I once said to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I am an Imam of the village. During Salah (prayer) I hear the sound of their shoes walking when I am in Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees).’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Wait in your Ruku‘ for the length of your Ruku‘ until the sound stops, otherwise, you can rise to stand up straight.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/143)