9. Dictations to a Dying Person

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا حَضَرْتَ الْمَيِّتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَمُوتَ فَلَقِّنْهُ شَهَادَةَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when one is about to die, before he dies, you should dictate to him the two testimonies: ‘No one, other than Allah who has no partners, deserves to be worshipped and Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/276)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَحَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ تُلَقِّنُونَ مَوْتَاكُمْ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَنَحْنُ نُلَقِّنُ مَوْتَانَا مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Muslim from Abu Ja’far, and from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy who said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that you should dictate to your dying people, ‘Only Allah is the Lord to be worshipped.’ We, however, (in addition) dictate to our dying people, ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/277)



3ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا أَدْرَكْتَ الرَّجُلَ عِنْدَ النَّزْعِ فَلَقِّنْهُ كَلِمَاتِ الْفَرَجِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ سُبْحَانَ الله رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ وَرَبِّ الأرَضِينَ السَّبْعِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ وَمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ وَمَا تَحْتَهُنَّ وَرَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ وَالْحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لَوْ أَدْرَكْتُ عِكْرِمَةَ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ لَنَفَعْتُهُ فَقِيلَ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) بِمَا ذَا كَانَ يَنْفَعُهُ قَالَ يُلَقِّنُهُ مَا أَنْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ.


3. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you find a man in dying condition, dictate to him the relieving words: ‘Allah, the Most Forbearing, the Most Honorable, is the only Lord who must be worshipped. Allah, the Most High, the Most Great, is the only Lord who must be worshipped. It is Allah, Lord of seven heavens and seven earths, all that is between them and beneath them, Lord of the great Throne who is free of all defects, and it is only Allah, Lord of the worlds who deserves all praise.’ Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘Had you met ‘Ikrimah in his dying condition you could have benefited him.’ He was asked, ‘In what way he could benefit him?’ The Imam replied, ‘By dictating to him the matters of your belief.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/277)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ مَرِضَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي فَأَتَيْتُهُ عَائِداً فَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي إِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدِي نَصِيحَةً أَ تَقْبَلُهَا فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ قُلْ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ فَشَهِدَ بِذَلِكَ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ هَذَا لاَ تَنْتَفِعُ بِهِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ مِنْكَ عَلَى يَقِينٍ فَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ مِنْهُ عَلَى يَقِينٍ فَقُلْتُ قُلْ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ فَشَهِدَ بِذَلِكَ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ هَذَا لاَ تَنْتَفِعُ بِهِ حَتَّى يَكُونَ مِنْكَ عَلَى يَقِينٍ فَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ مِنْهُ عَلَى يَقِينٍ فَقُلْتُ قُلْ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ عَلِيّاً وَصِيُّهُ وَهُوَ الْخَلِيفَةُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَالإِمَامُ الْمُفْتَرَضُ الطَّاعَةِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَشَهِدَ بِذَلِكَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَنْتَفِعَ بِذَلِكَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ مِنْكَ عَلَى يَقِينٍ فَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ مِنْهُ عَلَى يَقِينٍ ثُمَّ سَمَّيْتُ الأئِمَّةَ رَجُلاً رَجُلاً فَأَقَرَّ بِذَلِكَ وَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ عَلَى يَقِينٍ فَلَمْ يَلْبَثِ الرَّجُلُ أَنْ تُوُفِّيَ فَجَزِعَ أَهْلُهُ عَلَيْهِ جَزَعاً شَدِيداً قَالَ فَغِبْتُ عَنْهُمْ ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُهُمْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَرَأَيْتُ عَرَاءً حَسَناً فَقُلْتُ كَيْفَ تَجِدُونَكُمْ كَيْفَ عَزَاؤُكِ أَيَّتُهَا الْمَرْأَةُ فَقَالَتْ وَالله لَقَدْ أُصِبْنَا بِمُصِيبَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ بِوَفَاةِ فُلاَنٍ رَحِمَهُ الله وَ كَانَ مِمَّا سَخَا بِنَفْسِي لِرُؤْيَا رَأَيْتُهَا اللَّيْلَةَ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا تِلْكَ الرُّؤْيَا قَالَتْ رَأَيْتُ فُلاَناً تَعْنِي الْمَيِّتَ حَيّاً سَلِيماً فَقُلْتُ فُلاَنٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَ مَا كُنْتَ مِتَّ فَقَالَ بَلَى وَلَكِنْ نَجَوْتُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ لَقَّنِّيهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَلَوْ لاَ ذَلِكَ لَكِدْتُ أَهْلِكُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Dawud ibn Sulayman al-Kufiy, from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “A man from my family fell ill and I went to visit him and told him, ‘Son of my brother, I have an advice for you and I hope you accept it.’ He said, ‘I accept it.’ I then asked him to say, ‘It is only Allah who must be worshipped and He has no partner.’ He then testified to this fact. I then said, ‘This will not be of any benefit unless you are certain about it.’ He said that he is certain about it. I then asked him to say, ‘I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.’ He then testified to this fact also. I then said that this would not benefit you unless you are certain about it. He said that he is certain about it. I then asked him to say, ‘I testify that Ali is the executor of the will of the Messenger of Allah, his successor and the Imam who after the Messenger of Allah must be obeyed.’ He testified to such facts. I then said that this would not benefit you unless you are certain about it. He said that he was certain about it. I then mentioned all ’A’immah one by one. He testified and said that he is certain about them. Not very long thereafter, he passed away. His family began to cry intensely and mourn for him. I then left them and after a while visited, offered them my condolences, inquired as how they have been and asked the woman (of the house) how she was. She said, ‘His death was a great loss for us and very difficult to bear - may Allah grant him mercy - of things that provided relief for me was that one night I saw a dream.’ I then asked, ‘What did you see in your dream?’ She said, ‘I saw him - the deceased - living and sound. I asked him, “Did you not die?” He replied, ‘Yes, I died but I was saved by the words that abu Bakr dictated to me. Were it not for those words I would have (most certainly) been destroyed.””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/277)



5ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَهُ وَعِنْدَهُ حُمْرَانُ إِذْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ مَوْلىً لَهُ فَقَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ هَذَا عِكْرِمَةُ فِي الْمَوْتِ وَكَانَ يَرَى رَأْيَ الْخَوَارِجِ وَكَانَ مُنْقَطِعاً إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَقَالَ لَنَا أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنْظِرُونِي حَتَّى أَرْجِعَ إِلَيْكُمْ فَقُلْنَا نَعَمْ فَمَا لَبِثَ أَنْ رَجَعَ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنِّي لَوْ أَدْرَكْتُ عِكْرِمَةَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَقَعَ النَّفْسُ مَوْقِعَهَا لَعَلَّمْتُهُ كَلِمَاتٍ يَنْتَفِعُ بِهَا وَلَكِنِّي أَدْرَكْتُهُ وَقَدْ وَقَعَتِ النَّفْسُ مَوْقِعَهَا قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَمَا ذَاكَ الْكَلاَمُ قَالَ هُوَ وَالله مَا أَنْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ فَلَقِّنُوا مَوْتَاكُمْ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ شَهَادَةَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَالْوَلاَيَةَ.


5. It is narrated from him (narrator of the above Hadith) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu ffamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Humran and we were present before abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when a servant came in. He said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, ‘Ikrimah is in dying condition and he believes in the point of view of the al-Khawarij. However, he is (also) inclined to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam .’ The Imam then said to us, ’Wait until I return to you.’ We agreed and after a while the Imam returned and said, ’Had I met ‘Ikrimah before the soul reached where it was to reach, I could have taught him the words that would have benefitted him but I met him when the soul had already reached where it was to reach.’ I then asked, ’May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, what are those words?’ The Imam said, ’They, by Allah, are the (testimonies) of your belief. You must dictate to those in dying condition the testimony, “It is Allah alone who must be worshipped, and al-Walayah” (belief in the fact that ’A’immah possess Divine Authority).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/278)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُنْدَارَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي خَدِيجَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَحْضُرُهُ الْمَوْتُ إِلاَّ وَكَّلَ بِهِ إِبْلِيسُ مِنْ شَيْطَانِهِ أَنْ يَأْمُرَهُ بِالْكُفْرِ وَيُشَكِّكَهُ فِي دِينِهِ حَتَّى تَخْرُجَ نَفْسُهُ فَمَنْ كَانَ مُؤْمِناً لَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا حَضَرْتُمْ مَوْتَاكُمْ فَلَقِّنُوهُمْ شَهَادَةَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُهُ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حَتَّى يَمُوتَ. وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى قَالَ فَلَقِّنْهُ كَلِمَاتِ الْفَرَجِ وَالشَّهَادَتَيْنِ وَتُسَمِّي لَهُ الإِقْرَارَ بِالأئِمَّةِ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) وَاحِداً بَعْدَ وَاحِدٍ حَتَّى يَنْقَطِعَ عَنْهُ الْكَلاَمُ.


6. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ’Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn Ali from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Hashim from abu Khadijah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that at the time of everyone’s death, Satan assigns one of his devils to urge the dying person to disbelief and tries to make him doubt his religion until the time his soul departs. The devil is not able to control a believing person. When you find one of you in dying condition you should dictate him the testimony of belief, ‘It is only Allah who must be worshipped, and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger’ until he passes away.’” In another Hadith it states, ‘The Imam said, “You should dictate to him the words of relief, the two testimonies and explain to him to profess the Divine Authority of ’A’immah one by one until he passes away.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/279)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَداً مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ لَهُ قُلْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ سُبْحَانَ الله رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ وَرَبِّ الأرَضِينَ السَّبْعِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَرَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ وَالْحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَإِذَا قَالَهَا الْمَرِيضُ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ بَأْسٌ.


7. A number of our people has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy from ‘Abd Allah ibn Maymun al- Qaddah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would find any member of his family in dying condition, he would ask him to say, ‘It is Allah, the Most High, the Most Great, alone who must be worshipped. It is Allah, Lord of seven heavens and the Lord of seven earths, all that is between them and the Lord of the great Throne who is free of all defects. All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the worlds.’ Upon the patient’s saying this, he (the Imam) then would say, ‘Go on. You do not have to worry about anything.’”




8ـ سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَالله لَوْ أَنَّ عَابِدَ وَثَنٍ وَصَفَ مَا تَصِفُونَ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِ نَفْسِهِ مَا طَعِمَتِ النَّارُ مِنْ جَسَدِهِ شَيْئاً أَبَداً.


8. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-ffassan ibn Shammun, from ‘Abd al-Rahman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Qasim from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘By Allah, even if a worshipper of an idol, in his dying condition, says what you say, fire will never consume anything from his body.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/280)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) دَخَلَ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ وَهُوَ يَقْضِي فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قُلْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ سُبْحَانَ الله رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ وَرَبِّ الأرَضِينَ السَّبْعِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ وَرَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ وَالْحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَقَالَهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْحَمْدُ لله الَّذِي اسْتَنْقَذَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah once visited a man from the tribe of Hashim in his dying condition. The Messenger of Allah told him to say, ‘Allah, the Most Forbearing, the Most Honorable, is the only Lord who must be worshipped, Allah, the Most High, the Most Great is the only Lord who must be worshipped. It is Allah, Lord of seven heavens and seven earths, all that is between them and beneath them, Lord of the great Throne who is free of all defects, and it is only Allah, Lord of the worlds who deserves all praise.’ He said those words. The Messenger of Allah then said, ‘All praise belongs to Allah who saved him from the fire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/280)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ حَضَرَ رَجُلاً الْمَوْتُ فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنَّ فُلاَناً قَدْ حَضَرَهُ الْمَوْتُ فَنَهَضَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَمَعَهُ أُنَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ وَهُوَ مُغْمًى عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا مَلَكَ الْمَوْتِ كُفَّ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ حَتَّى أَسْأَلَهُ فَأَفَاقَ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَا رَأَيْتَ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ بَيَاضاً كَثِيراً وَسَوَاداً كَثِيراً قَالَ فَأَيُّهُمَا كَانَ أَقْرَبَ إِلَيْكَ فَقَالَ السَّوَادُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قُلِ اللهمَّ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الْكَثِيرَ مِنْ مَعَاصِيكَ وَاقْبَلْ مِنِّي الْيَسِيرَ مِنْ طَاعَتِكَ فَقَالَهُ ثُمَّ أُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا مَلَكَ الْمَوْتِ خَفِّفْ عَنْهُ حَتَّى أَسْأَلَهُ فَأَفَاقَ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ مَا رَأَيْتَ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ بَيَاضاً كَثِيراً وَسَوَاداً كَثِيراً قَالَ فَأَيُّهُمَا كَانَ أَقْرَبَ إِلَيْكَ فَقَالَ الْبَيَاضُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) غَفَرَ الله لِصَاحِبِكُمْ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا حَضَرْتُمْ مَيِّتاً فَقُولُوا لَهُ هَذَا الْكَلاَمَ لِيَقُولَهُ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn abu Hashim from Salim ibn abu Salmah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a man was in a dying condition and the Messenger of Allah was informed about it. The Messenger of Allah decided to visit him along with a group of his companions and they found him fainted. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘O angel of death, do not do anything to him; I want to ask him a question.’ The man regained consciousness and the Holy Prophet asked, ‘What did you see?’ He replied, ‘I saw a great deal of white things and a great deal of black things.’ The Holy Prophet asked, ‘Which kind was closer?’ He replied, ‘The black things were closer.’ The Holy Prophet asked him to say, ‘O Allah, forgive me for the great deal of my disobedience to You and accept from me the small amount of good deeds of obedience to You.’ The man then fainted again. The Holy Prophet said, ‘O angel of death, relieve him so I can ask him a question.’ The man gained consciousness again. The Holy Prophet asked, ‘What did you see?’ He replied, ‘I saw a great deal of white things and great deal of black things.’ The Holy Prophet asked, ‘Which kind was closer?’ He replied, ‘The white kind was closer.’ The Messenger of Allah then said to his companions, ‘Allah has granted forgiveness to your friend.’ The narrator has said that abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If you find a person in dying condition tell him to say the above words.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/280)