99. Salah (prayer) of One who Wants to Get Married or Go to Bed with His Wife

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَجُلاً وَهُوَ يَقُولُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ قَدْ أَسْنَنْتُ وَقَدْ تَزَوَّجْتُ امْرَأَةً بِكْراً صَغِيرَةً وَلَمْ أَدْخُلْ بِهَا وَأَنَا أَخَافُ إِذَا أَدْخُلُ بِهَا عَلَى فِرَاشِي أَنْ تَكْرَهَنِي لِخِضَابِي وَكِبَرِي فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا دَخَلْتَ فَمُرْهُمْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَصِلَ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مُتَوَضِّئَةً ثُمَّ أَنْتَ لاَ تَصِلُ إِلَيْهَا حَتَّى تَتَوَضَّأَ وَتُصَلِّيَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ مَجِّدِ الله وَصَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ثُمَّ ادْعُ الله وَمُرْ مَنْ مَعَهَا أَنْ يُؤَمِّنُوا عَلَى دُعَائِكَ وَقُلِ اللهمَّ ارْزُقْنِي إِلْفَهَا وَوُدَّهَا وَرِضَاهَا وَرَضِّنِي بِهَا ثُمَّ اجْمَعْ بَيْنَنَا بِأَحْسَنِ اجْتِمَاعٍ وَأَسَرِّ ائْتِلاَفٍ فَإِنَّكَ تُحِبُّ الْحَلاَلَ وَتَكْرَهُ الْحَرَامَ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ الإِلْفَ مِنَ الله وَالْفِرْكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ لِيُكَرِّهَ مَا أَحَلَّ الله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Jamil ibn Salih from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard a man saying to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I am an aged man. I have married a virgin young woman. I have not gone to bed with her yet. I am afraid in bed that on finding me of such age and the dye on my beard she may dislike me.’ Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘When you are there, ask her before approaching you to take Wudu’. You also, should not approach her before taking Wudu’ and performing two Rak‘at Salah (prayer). Thereafter, speak of glory of Allah and say, “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause).” Thereafter ask her and others present with her to say A’ min (O Allah grant his wishes). Thereafter say, “O Lord, provide her enough reasons to be kind to me, love me and be happy with me and grant me enough reason to be happy with her, bring us together in the best form of gathering, and the happiest kindness; You love lawfulness and dislike unlawfulness.’” The Imam then said, ‘You must bear in mind that kindness comes from Allah and hate comes from Satan so that people dislike what Allah has made lawful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/466)



2ـ وَبِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا تَزَوَّجَ أَحَدُكُمْ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ قُلْتُ لاَ أَدْرِي قَالَ إِذَا هَمَّ بِذَلِكَ فَلْيُصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَيَحْمَدُ الله ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَتَزَوَّجَ فَقَدِّرْ لِي مِنَ النِّسَاءِ أَعَفَّهُنَّ فَرْجاً وَأَحْفَظَهُنَّ لِي فِي نَفْسِهَا وَفِي مَالِي وَأَوْسَعَهُنَّ رِزْقاً وَأَعْظَمَهُنَّ بَرَكَةً وَقَدِّرْ لِي وَلَداً طَيِّباً تَجْعَلُهُ خَلَفاً صَالِحاً فِي حَيَاتِي وَبَعْدَ مَمَاتِي.


2. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather, al-Hassan ibn Rashid from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘When anyone of you likes to get married, what does he need to do?’ I replied, ‘I do not know.’ The Imam then said, ‘When one of you has such intention, he should first perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) and praise Allah. Thereafter, say, “O Allah, I like to become married. Determine for me of women the most protective of her privacy, the most chaste in conjugal matters, protective of myself and my property and of a vast share of sustenance, of the greatest in blessing, and determine for me a fine son who will succeed me as a virtuous one in my lifetime and when I die.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/467)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُحْبَلَ لَهُ فَلْيُصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ يُطِيلُ فِيهِمَا الرُّكُوعَ وَالسُّجُودَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمَا سَأَلَكَ بِهِ زَكَرِيَّا إِذْ قَالَ رَبِّ لاَ تَذَرْنِي فَرْداً وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الْوَارِثِينَ اللهمَّ هَبْ لِي ذُرِّيَّةً طَيِّبَةً إِنَّكَ سَمِيعُ الدُّعَاءِ اللهمَّ بِاسْمِكَ اسْتَحْلَلْتُهَا وَفِي أَمَانَتِكَ أَخَذْتُهَا فَإِنْ قَضَيْتَ فِي رَحِمِهَا وَلَداً فَاجْعَلْهُ غُلاَماً وَلاَ تَجْعَلْ لِلشَّيْطَانِ فِيهِ نَصِيباً وَلاَ شِرْكاً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from a man from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one wants that his wife become pregnant, he should perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) after Friday Salah (prayer). In this Salah (prayer) he should prolong his Ruku‘ and sajdah and then say, “O Allah, I ask You just what Zachariah asked You for, O my Lord, (rabbi) do not leave me lonely (childless) while You are the best heir. O Allah, grant me virtuous offspring. You hear (all prayers and appeals). O Allah through Your name she has become lawful for me and as Your trust, I have taken her as my wife. If You will decree a child in her womb, please make the child to be a righteous (honorable one, an intelligent) son and do not allow Satan to have a part or share in him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/467)