81. Offering Condolences and Solace

Back to book

1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو النَّخَعِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ أُصِيبَ بِمُصِيبَةٍ فَلْيَذْكُرْ مُصَابَهُ بِالنَّبِيِّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَإِنَّهُ مِنْ أَعْظَمِ الْمَصَائِبِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sulayman ibn ‘Amr al-Nakha’i who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that if one experiences grief and sorrow due to someone’s death, he should compare this with that which one has experienced due to the death of the Holy Prophet.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/174)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ إِنْ أُصِبْتَ بِمُصِيبَةٍ فِي نَفْسِكَ أَوْ فِي مَالِكَ أَوْ فِي وُلْدِكَ فَاذْكُرْ مُصَابَكَ بِرَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَإِنَّ الْخَلاَئِقَ لَمْ يُصَابُوا بِمِثْلِهِ قَطُّ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Ammar ibn Marwan from Zayd al-Shahham from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id al-Thaqafiy who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you suffer sorrow and grief about yourself, your property or children, then remind yourself of the sorrow and grief you have suffered due to the death of the Messenger of Allah; creatures have never suffered any grief as this (death of the Messenger of Allah).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/174)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ لَمَّا أُصِيبَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) نَعَى الْحَسَنُ إِلَى الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَهُوَ بِالْمَدَائِنِ فَلَمَّا قَرَأَ الْكِتَابَ قَالَ يَا لَهَا مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ مَا أَعْظَمَهَا مَعَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ مَنْ أُصِيبَ مِنْكُمْ بِمُصِيبَةٍ فَلْيَذْكُرْ مُصَابَهُ بِي فَإِنَّهُ لَنْ يُصَابَ بِمُصِيبَةٍ أَعْظَمَ مِنْهَا وَصَدَقَ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Isma’il ibn Mehran from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Walid al-Ju’fiy from a man from his father who has said the following: “When ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali passed away, al-Hassan informed Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about it. He was in al-Mada’in (a place near Baghdad) at that time. When he read the letter, he said, ‘How intense and great is this sorrow! Even though the Messenger of Allah has said that if you experience grief and sorrow, remind yourself of your sorrow and grief about me. It is very true that no sorrow and grief is more intense and greater than the sorrow and grief for him, he has certainly spoken the truth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/175)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا مَاتَ النَّبِيُّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) سَمِعُوا صَوْتاً وَلَمْ يَرَوْا شَخْصاً يَقُولُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّما تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ فَمَنْ زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فازَ وَقَالَ إِنَّ فِي الله خَلَفاً مِنْ كُلِّ هَالِكٍ وَعَزَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ مُصِيبَةٍ وَدَرَكاً مِمَّا فَاتَ فَبِالله فَثِقُوا وَإِيَّاهُ فَارْجُوا وَإِنَّمَا الْمَحْرُومُ مَنْ حُرِمَ الثَّوَابَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah passed away they (people) heard a voice, but did not see anyone in person, saying, ‘Every soul is to experience the taste of death. You will certainly receive your reward on the Day of Judgment. Whoever is saved from the fire and is admitted in paradise, has become successful indeed.’ It also said, ‘In (the mercy of) Allah are good consequences for everyone who dies, solace for all forms of sorrow and compensation for every loss. In Allah, you must trust and in Him only place your hope. Deprived person, in reality, is one who is deprived of the rewards from Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/175)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) جَاءَهُمْ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) وَالنَّبِيُّ مُسَجًّى وَفِي الْبَيْتِ عَلِيٌّ وَفَاطِمَةُ وَالْحَسَنُ وَالْحُسَيْنُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) فَقَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَهْلَ بَيْتِ الرَّحْمَةِ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّما تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ فَمَنْ زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فازَ وَمَا الْحَياةُ الدُّنْيا إِلاَّ مَتاعُ الْغُرُورِ إِنَّ فِي الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَزَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ مُصِيبَةٍ وَخَلَفاً مِنْ كُلِّ هَالِكٍ وَدَرَكاً لِمَا فَاتَ فَبِالله فَثِقُوا وَإِيَّاهُ فَارْجُوا فَإِنَّ الْمُصَابَ مَنْ حُرِمَ الثَّوَابَ هَذَا آخِرُ وَطْئِي مِنَ الدُّنْيَا قَالُوا فَسَمِعْنَا الصَّوْتَ وَلَمْ نَرَ الشَّخْصَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salmah ibn al-Khattab from Sulayman ibn Sama‘ah from Al-Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah passed away, Jibril (the archangel) came to them when the Holy Prophet was covered with a sheet of cloth, and in the house there were Ali, Fatimah, al-Hassan and Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam. He said, ‘Assalamu ‘Alaykum’ (you are ‘Alayhim al-Salam ), O family of the house of mercy. Every soul must experience the taste of death. You will receive your reward (from Allah) on the Day of Judgment only. Those who are saved from fire and are admitted into paradise are indeed successful. The worldly life is only a deceitful means. In Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, alone is solace for all kinds of sorrow, good consequences for everyone who dies and proper compensation for all kinds of losses. In Allah, you must trust and in Him alone you must place your hopes. A truly deprived person is one who is deprived of rewards from Allah. This is the last time for my coming to this world.’ They said, ‘We heard his voice but did not see his person.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/177)



6ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) جَاءَتِ التَّعْزِيَةُ أَتَاهُمْ آتٍ يَسْمَعُونَ حِسَّهُ وَلاَ يَرَوْنَ شَخْصَهُ فَقَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَرَحْمَةُ الله وَبَرَكَاتُهُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّما تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ فَمَنْ زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فازَ وَمَا الْحَياةُ الدُّنْيا إِلاَّ مَتاعُ الْغُرُورِ فِي الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَزَاءٌ مِنْ كُلِّ مُصِيبَةٍ وَخَلَفٌ مِنْ كُلِّ هَالِكٍ وَدَرَكٌ لِمَا فَاتَ فَبِالله فَثِقُوا وَإِيَّاهُ فَارْجُوا فَإِنَّ الْمَحْرُومَ مَنْ حُرِمَ الثَّوَابَ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ.


6. It is narrated from him (narrator of above Hadith) from Salmah from Ali ibn Sayf from his father from abu ‘Usamah Zayd al-Shahham who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah passed away condolences were offered. Someone came to them and they felt his presence but did not see his person. He said, ‘Assalamu ‘Alaykum’ (you are ‘Alayhim al-Salam ), O people of the house and may Allah grant you favors and blessings. Every soul must experience the taste of death. You will receive your reward (from Allah) on the Day of Judgment only. Those who are saved from fire and are admitted into paradise are indeed successful. The worldly life is only a means of deceit. In Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, alone is solace for all kinds of sorrow, good consequences for everyone who dies and proper compensation for all kinds of losses. In Allah, you must trust and in Him alone, you must place your hopes. A truly deprived person is one who is deprived of rewards from Allah. ‘al-Salamu ‘Alaykum’ (you are ‘Alayhim al-Salam ), [O people of the house and may Allah grant you favors and blessings].”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/179)



7ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مِثْلَهُ وَزَادَ فِيهِ قُلْتُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي الْبَيْتِ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ وَفَاطِمَةُ وَالْحَسَنُ وَالْحُسَيْنُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام).


7. It is narrated from him (narrator of above Hadith) from Ali ibn Sayf from his father from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “He (the narrator) has narrated a similar Hadith from abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, with this addition. ‘I asked, who were in the house?’ He replied, ‘They were Ali, Fatimah, al-Hassan and Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/180)



8ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى الأرْمَنِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُلْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَتَاهُمْ آتٍ فَوَقَفَ بِبَابِ الْبَيْتِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّما تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ فَمَنْ زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فازَ وَمَا الْحَياةُ الدُّنْيا إِلاَّ مَتاعُ الْغُرُورِ فِي الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَفٌ مِنْ كُلِّ هَالِكٍ وَعَزَاءٌ مِنْ كُلِّ مُصِيبَةٍ وَدَرَكٌ لِمَا فَاتَ فَبِالله فَثِقُوا وَعَلَيْهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا وَبِنَصْرِهِ لَكُمْ عِنْدَ الْمُصِيبَةِ فَارْضَوْا فَإِنَّمَا الْمُصَابُ مَنْ حُرِمَ الثَّوَابَ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ الله وَبَرَكَاتُهُ وَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَحَداً فَقَالَ بَعْضُ مَنْ فِي الْبَيْتِ هَذَا مَلَكٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بَعَثَهُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْكُمْ لِيُعَزِّيَكُمْ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ هَذَا الْخَضِرُ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) جَاءَكُمْ يُعَزِّيكُمْ بِنَبِيِّكُمْ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


8. It is narrated from him (narrator of above Hadith) from Salmah from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa al-Armaniy from Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ulwan from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Walid who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, when the Holy Prophet passed away, someone came to them and stood at door of the house. He offered them greeting of peace and then said, ‘O family of Muhammad, every soul must experience the taste of death. You will receive your reward (from Allah) on the Day of Judgment only. Those who are saved from fire and are admitted into paradise are indeed successful. The worldly life is only a means of deceit. In Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, alone is solace for all kinds of sorrow, good consequences for everyone who dies and proper compensation for all kinds of losses. In Allah, you must trust and assign Him alone to be the person in charge of your affairs; and with His support for you alone, you must in grief and sorrow, agree. A truly affected person is one who is deprived of the rewards from Allah. Assalamu ‘Alaykum (you are ‘Alayhim al-Salam ) and may Allah grant you favors and blessings.’ No one saw him. Someone in the family said, ‘This is an angel from heaven. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has sent him to you to offer you condolences.’ Someone else said, ‘He was al-Khadhiru who came to offer you condolences on the death of your Prophet.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/180)