79. How a Home Coming Traveler Applies Applicable Rules

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَ رَأَيْتَ مَنْ قَدِمَ بَلْدَةً إِلَى مَتَى يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ مُقَصِّراً وَمَتَى يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يُتِمَّ قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلْتَ أَرْضاً فَأَيْقَنْتَ أَنَّ لَكَ بِهَا مُقَاماً عَشَرَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَأَتِمَّ الصَّلاَةَ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَدْرِ مَا مُقَامُكَ بِهَا تَقُولُ غَداً أَخْرُجُ أَوْ بَعْدَ غَدٍ فَقَصِّرْ مَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَمْضِيَ شَهْرٌ فَإِذَا تَمَّ لَكَ شَهْرٌ فَأَتِمَّ الصَّلاَةَ وَإِنْ أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ مِنْ سَاعَتِكَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz ibn ‘Abd Allah from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who returns home from a journey. To what time is he required to perform his Salah (prayer) as reduced, and when is he required to perform his Salah (prayer) as complete? He (the Imam) said, ‘If you enter a land and you become certain of staying there for ten days, then perform your Salah (prayer) as complete. If you do not know for how long you stay there and think that you may leave it tomorrow or the next day, then perform your Salah (prayer) as reduced up to a month. When a month passes in such condition, then perform your Salah (prayer) as complete even if you decide to leave at that hour.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/382)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ بِالْبَصْرَةِ وَهُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ لَهُ بِهَا دَارٌ وَمَنْزِلٌ فَيَمُرُّ بِالْكُوفَةِ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ مُجْتَازٌ لاَ يُرِيدُ الْمُقَامَ إِلاَّ بِقَدْرِ مَا يَتَجَهَّزُ يَوْماً أَوْ يَوْمَيْنِ قَالَ يُقِيمُ فِي جَانِبِ الْمِصْرِ وَيُقَصِّرُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ دَخَلَ أَهْلَهُ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ التَّمَامُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in al-Basra and he is from al- Kufah. He has a house there and he passes by al-Kufah just as a passer-by without an intention to stay there except for picking up supplies within one or two days. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to stay in one side of the city and perform his Salah (prayer) as reduced.’ I then asked, ‘What is he required to do if he visits his family?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to perform his Salah (prayer) complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/383)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ قَالَ سَأَلَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ عَنِ الْمُسَافِرِ إِنْ حَدَّثَ نَفْسَهُ بِإِقَامَةِ عَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ قَالَ فَلْيُتِمَّ الصَّلاَةَ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَدْرِ مَا يُقِيمُ يَوْماً أَوْ أَكْثَرَ فَلْيَعُدَّ ثَلاَثِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ لْيُتِمَّ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَقَامَ يَوْماً أَوْ صَلاَةً وَاحِدَةً فَقَالَ لَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّكَ قُلْتَ خَمْساً فَقَالَ قَدْ قُلْتُ ذَاكَ قَالَ أَبُو أَيُّوبَ فَقُلْتُ أَنَا جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ يَكُونُ أَقَلَّ مِنْ خَمْسٍ فَقَالَ لاَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub who has said the following: “Muhammad ibn Muslim once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when I was listening, about a traveler who thinks to stay for ten days. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to perform his Salah (prayer) as complete. If he does not know for how long he will stay, like for one or more, he can count to thirty days, then perform his Salah (prayer) as complete even if thereafter he stays for one day or one Salah (prayer).’ Muhammad ibn Muslim then said, ‘I am told that you have said it is five.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, I had said that.’ Abu Ayyub has said that he said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, can it be less than five?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it cannot be less than five.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/384)