4. The Case of a Well and Things that May Fall in It (Fatwa best explains Ahadith 2-12 as well as the following chapter.)

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى رَجُلٍ أَسْأَلُهُ أَنْ يَسْأَلَ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْبِئْرِ تَكُونُ فِي الْمَنْزِلِ لِلْوُضُوءِ فَتَقْطُرُ فِيهَا قَطَرَاتٌ مِنْ بَوْلٍ أَوْ دَمٍ أَوْ يَسْقُطُ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنْ عَذِرَةٍ كَالْبَعْرَةِ وَنَحْوِهَا مَا الَّذِي يُطَهِّرُهَا حَتَّى يَحِلَّ الْوُضُوءُ مِنْهَا لِلصَّلاَةِ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) بِخَطِّهِ فِي كِتَابِي تَنْزَحُ مِنْهَا دِلاَءً.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ who has said the following: “I once wrote to a person to write to abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, to ask him about a well in one’s house for Wudu’. If some drops of urine, or blood, or animal dung and so forth fall in it, then how can it be cleansed so one can take Wudu’ with water from such a well for Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) sent the answer with his signature that said, ’Draw a few buckets of water from it and dispose such water away.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/22)



2ـ وَبِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ قَالَ مَاءُ الْبِئْرِ وَاسِعٌ لاَ يُفْسِدُهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَتَغَيَّرَ بِهِ.


2. Through the same chain of narrators as the previous Hadith the following is stated: “He (the Imam) ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Well water is vast. It does not become polluted until it is changed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/25)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي الْفَأْرَةِ وَالسِّنَّوْرِ وَالدَّجَاجَةِ وَالطَّيْرِ وَالْكَلْبِ قَالَ مَا لَمْ يَتَفَسَّخْ أَوْ يَتَغَيَّرْ طَعْمُ الْمَاءِ فَيَكْفِيكَ خَمْسُ دِلاَءٍ فَإِنْ تَغَيَّرَ الْمَاءُ فَخُذْ مِنْهُ حَتَّى يَذْهَبَ الرِّيحُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from abu ‘Usamah who has said the following: “This is about the case of a rat, cat, chicken, bird and dog in a well. Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘As long as they have not disintegrated or water’s taste is not changed, take out five buckets of water thereof, but if there is a change in the water then continue drawing out the water until the smell is gone.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/25)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لاَ يُفْسِدُ الْمَاءَ إِلاَّ مَا كَانَ لَهُ نَفْسٌ سَائِلَةٌ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya in a marfu‘ manner has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Water does not become polluted because of the living things which do not have spurting blood when a cut is made in its body.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/26)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي السَّامِّ أَبْرَصَ يَقَعُ فِي الْبِئْرِ قَالَ لَيْسَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ حَرِّكِ الْمَاءَ بِالدَّلْوِ.


5. Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al-Nadr from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir who has said the following: “This is about the case of al-Sam al-Abras (a poisonous snake) that falls in the well. Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful. Just stir the water with the bucket.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/26)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَمَّا يَقَعُ فِي الآبَارِ فَقَالَ أَمَّا الْفَأْرَةُ وَأَشْبَاهُهَا فَيُنْزَحُ مِنْهَا سَبْعُ دِلاَءٍ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَتَغَيَّرَ الْمَاءُ فَيُنْزَحَ حَتَّى يَطِيبَ فَإِنْ سَقَطَ فِيهَا كَلْبٌ فَقَدَرْتَ أَنْ تَنْزَحَ مَاءَهَا فَافْعَلْ وَكُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَقَعَ فِي الْبِئْرِ لَيْسَ لَهُ دَمٌ مِثْلُ الْعَقْرَبِ وَالْخَنَافِسِ وَأَشْبَاهِ ذَلِكَ فَلاَ بَأْسَ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about things that fall into the wells. He (the Imam) said, ‘Because of rats and similar things, seven buckets of water must be drawn out, unless the water is changed, in which case drawing water out must continue until it becomes clean. If a dog falls in it, if you can, draw all of the water out. Falling in a well of anything without blood like a scorpion or beetle and similar things is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/27)



7ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا سَقَطَ فِي الْبِئْرِ شَيْ‏ءٌ صَغِيرٌ فَمَاتَ فِيهَا فَانْزَحْ مِنْهَا دِلاَءً وَإِنْ وَقَعَ فِيهَا جُنُبٌ فَانْزَحْ مِنْهَا سَبْعَ دِلاَءٍ فَإِنْ مَاتَ فِيهَا بَعِيرٌ أَوْ صُبَّ فِيهَا خَمْرٌ فَلْيُنْزَحْ.


7. Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ibn Muskan from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If something small falls in a well and dies, then take a few buckets of water out. If a person involved in sexual activities (because of which Ghusl (bath) is obligatory) falls in it, you must draw seven buckets of water out thereof. If a camel dies in it or wine is poured in it then you must draw out all of the water.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/27)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ ذَبَحَ شَاةً فَاضْطَرَبَتْ وَوَقَعَتْ فِي بِئْرِ مَاءٍ وَأَوْدَاجُهَا تَشْخُبُ دَماً هَلْ يُتَوَضَّأُ مِنْ تِلْكَ الْبِئْرِ قَالَ يُنْزَحُ مِنْهَا مَا بَيْنَ الثَّلاَثِينَ إِلَى الأرْبَعِينَ دَلْواً ثُمَّ يُتَوَضَّأُ مِنْهَا وَلاَ بَأْسَ بِهِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ ذَبَحَ دَجَاجَةً أَوْ حَمَامَةً فَوَقَعَتْ فِي بِئْرٍ هَلْ يَصْلُحُ أَنْ يُتَوَضَّأَ مِنْهَا قَالَ يُنْزَحُ مِنْهَا دِلاَءٌ يَسِيرَةٌ ثُمَّ يُتَوَضَّأُ مِنْهَا وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ يَسْتَقِي مِنْ بِئْرٍ فَيَرْعُفُ فِيهَا هَلْ يُتَوَضَّأُ مِنْهَا قَالَ يُنْزَحُ مِنْهَا دِلاَءٌ يَسِيرَةٌ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-‘Amrakiy ibn Ali from Ali ibn Ja‘far who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who slaughters a sheep and due to the shock it falls into the water well with blood gushing from its veins. Can one take Wudu’ from such well? He (the Imam) said, ’One must draw out thirty to forty buckets of water, then one can take Wudu’ with its water and it is not harmful.’ I then asked about a man who slaughters a chicken or pigeon and it falls into the well. Can one take Wudu’ with water from such well? He (the Imam) said, ‘A few buckets of water must be taken out, then one can take Wudu’.’ I then asked about someone from whose nostril blood falls into the well can one then take Wudu’ with water from such well? He (the Imam) said, ‘A few buckets of water must be taken out.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/28)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ بِئْرٌ يُخْرَجُ فِي مَائِهَا قِطَعُ جُلُودٍ قَالَ لَيْسَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ إِنَّ الْوَزَغَ رُبَّمَا طَرَحَ جِلْدَهُ وَقَالَ يَكْفِيكَ دَلْوٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ’Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from those whom he has mentioned who have said the following: “I once said to abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that there is a water-well and with its water pieces of skin come out. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not anything. Perhaps a frog sheds its skin.’ He (the Imam) said that one bucket of water is sufficient for you.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/29)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْحَبْلِ يَكُونُ مِنْ شَعْرِ الْخِنْزِيرِ يُسْتَقَى بِهِ الْمَاءُ مِنَ الْبِئْرِ هَلْ يُتَوَضَّأُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمَاءِ قَالَ لاَ بَأْسَ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, about a rope made of the hairs of hogs which is used to take out water from the well. Can Wudu’ be made with such water? He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/29)



11ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْعَذِرَةِ تَقَعُ فِي الْبِئْرِ قَالَ يُنْزَحُ مِنْهَا عَشَرَةُ دِلاَءٍ فَإِنْ ذَابَتْ فَأَرْبَعُونَ أَوْ خَمْسُونَ دَلْواً.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, about the falling of feces into a well. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ten buckets of water must be taken out and if it has disintegrated then forty or fifty buckets of water must be taken out.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/29)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) بِئْرٌ يُسْتَقَى مِنْهَا وَيُتَوَضَّأُ بِهِ وَيُغْسَلُ مِنْهُ الثِّيَابُ وَيُعْجَنُ بِهِ ثُمَّ يُعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ فِيهَا مَيِّتٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ لاَ بَأْسَ وَلاَ يُغْسَلُ مِنْهُ الثَّوْبُ وَلاَ تُعَادُ مِنْهُ الصَّلاَةُ.


12. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Abd al-Karim from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, that there was a well from which people drank, took Wudu’, washed their clothes and flour was made into dough with its water, and then a dead body was found in it. He (the Imam) said, ‘It does not matter, there is no need to wash clothes or perform Salah (prayer) again.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/30)