16. Women Find Hayd Blood after the Coming of the Time for a Salah (Prayer) Before Performing It Or Become Clean Before the Coming of the Time for a Salah (Prayer) But Are Too Lazy for Ghusl (bath)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ يُونُسَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الأوَّلَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قُلْتُ الْمَرْأَةُ تَرَى الطُّهْرَ قَبْلَ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ بِالصَّلاَةِ قَالَ إِذَا رَأَتِ الطُّهْرَ بَعْدَ مَا يَمْضِي مِنْ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ أَرْبَعَةُ أَقْدَامٍ فَلاَ تُصَلِّي إِلاَّ الْعَصْرَ لأَنَّ وَقْتَ الظُّهْرِ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا وَهِيَ فِي الدَّمِ وَخَرَجَ عَنْهَا الْوَقْتُ وَهِيَ فِي الدَّمِ فَلَمْ يَجِبْ عَلَيْهَا أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ الظُّهْرَ وَمَا طَرَحَ الله عَنْهَا مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ وَهِيَ فِي الدَّمِ أَكْثَرُ قَالَ وَإِذَا رَأَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الدَّمَ بَعْدَ مَا يَمْضِي مِنْ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ أَرْبَعَةُ أَقْدَامٍ فَلْتُمْسِكْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فَإِذَا طَهُرَتْ مِنَ الدَّمِ فَلْتَقْضِ صَلاَةَ الظُّهْرِ لأَنَّ وَقْتَ الظُّهْرِ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا وَهِيَ طَاهِرٌ وَخَرَجَ عَنْهَا وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ وَهِيَ طَاهِرٌ فَضَيَّعَتْ صَلاَةَ الظُّهْرِ فَوَجَبَ عَلَيْهَا قَضَاؤُهَا.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-Fadl ibn Yunus who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Awwal, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who finds herself Hayd (menses) free just before sunset. What must she do for Salah (prayer)? He (the Imam) said, ‘If she finds herself Hayd (menses) free after four steps have passed from noon-time, she only performs al-‘Asr Salah (prayer). It is because the time for al-Dhuhr Salah (prayer) arrived when she was not Hayd (menses) free and it passed when she still was not Hayd (menses) free so it is not obligatory for her to perform al-Dhuhr Salah (prayer). It is because Allah has exempted her from Salah (prayer) when she was most of the time bleeding? He (the Imam) then said, ‘If a woman finds blood discharge after four steps from the time for al-Dhuhr passed, she must stop performing Salah (prayer). However, when she becomes Hayd (menses) free she must compensatory prayer that al-Dhuhr Salah (prayer) because it was time for al-Dhuhr when she was Hayd (menses)-free. It (time) passed while she was Hayd (menses)-free, so she lost al-Dhuhr Salah (prayer). Therefore she must compensatory prayer it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/245)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ مَعْمَرِ بْنِ يَحْيَى قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْحَائِضِ تَطْهُرُ عِنْدَ الْعَصْرِ تُصَلِّي الأولَى قَالَ لاَ إِنَّمَا تُصَلِّي الصَّلاَةَ الَّتِي تَطْهُرُ عِنْدَهَا.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hajjal from Tha’labah from Mu’ammar ibn Yahya who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman experiencing Hayd (menses) becomes clean at the time of al-‘Asr must she perform al-Salah (prayer) before (al-‘Asr)? He (the Imam) said, ‘No, she is required to perform only al-Salah (prayer) in the time of which she has become clean.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/246)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ إِذَا رَأَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الطُّهْرَ وَقَدْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا وَقْتُ الصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ أَخَّرَتِ الْغُسْلَ حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ وَقْتُ صَلاَةٍ أُخْرَى كَانَ عَلَيْهَا قَضَاءُ تِلْكَ الصَّلاَةِ الَّتِي فَرَّطَتْ فِيهَا فَإِذَا طَهُرَتْ فِي وَقْتِ وُجُوبِ الصَّلاَةِ فَأَخَّرَتِ الصَّلاَةَ حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ وَقْتُ صَلاَةٍ أُخْرَى ثُمَّ رَأَتْ دَماً كَانَ عَلَيْهَا قَضَاءُ تِلْكَ الصَّلاَةِ الَّتِي فَرَّطَتْ فِيهَا.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu ‘ Ubaydah who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a woman finds herself clean when it has become time for a Salah (prayer) but she delays Ghusl (bath) until it become time for another Salah (prayer), she owes Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) that is so missed. If she is clean in the time of a Salah (prayer) and delays to perform it until it becomes time of another Salah (prayer), then she experiences Hayd (menses) she owes Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) that is missed due to her neglect.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/246)



4ـ ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٌ رَأَتِ الطُّهْرَ وَهِيَ قَادِرَةٌ عَلَى أَنْ تَغْتَسِلَ فِي وَقْتِ صَلاَةٍ فَفَرَّطَتْ فِيهَا حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ وَقْتُ صَلاَةٍ أُخْرَى كَانَ عَلَيْهَا قَضَاءُ تِلْكَ الصَّلاَةِ الَّتِي فَرَّطَتْ فِيهَا وَإِنْ رَأَتِ الطُّهْرَ فِي وَقْتِ صَلاَةٍ فَقَامَتْ فِي تَهْيِئَةِ ذَلِكَ فَجَازَ وَقْتُ صَلاَةٍ وَدَخَلَ وَقْتُ صَلاَةٍ أُخْرَى فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا قَضَاءٌ وَتُصَلِّي الصَّلاَةَ الَّتِي دَخَلَ وَقْتُهَا.


4. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ibn Ri’ab from ‘ Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Any woman who finds herself clean and is able to take Ghusl (bath) in time for Salah (prayer) but neglects it until it becomes time for another Salah (prayer), she owes Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) she has neglected. If she finds herself clean in the time of a Salah (prayer), begins to prepare, but the time for that Salah (prayer) expires and it becomes time for another Salah (prayer), Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of such Salah (prayer) is not obligatory on her. She must perform only that Salah (prayer) for which it has become time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/246)



5ـ ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْوَرْدِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ تَكُونُ فِي صَلاَةِ الظُّهْرِ وَقَدْ صَلَّتْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ تَرَى الدَّمَ قَالَ تَقُومُ مِنْ مَسْجِدِهَا وَلاَ تَقْضِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ رَأَتِ الدَّمَ وَهِيَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ وَقَدْ صَلَّتْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَلْتَقُمْ مِنْ مَسْجِدٍ فَإِذَا طَهُرَتْ فَلْتَقْضِ الرَّكْعَةَ الَّتِي فَاتَتْهَا مِنَ الْمَغْرِبِ.


5. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ibn Ri’ab from abu Dawud who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is in Salah (prayer) of al- Dhuhr, of which two Rak‘at are complete, and finds blood of Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘She must stop and move away from Masjid without performing the remaining two Rak‘at. If she finds blood during her performing al-Maghrib when two Rak‘at are complete, she must move away from Masjid, and when she becomes clean, she must perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of one Rak‘at missed of that Salah (prayer) of al-Maghrib.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/247)