102. Excellence of the Great Masjid of Kufah, Excellence of Performing Salah (prayer) and the Loveable places Therein

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ لِي يَا هَارُونَ بْنَ خَارِجَةَ كَمْ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ مَسْجِدِ الْكُوفَةِ يَكُونُ مِيلاً قُلْتُ لاَ قَالَ فَتُصَلِّي فِيهِ الصَّلَوَاتِ كُلَّهَا قُلْتُ لاَ فَقَالَ أَمَا لَوْ كُنْتُ بِحَضْرَتِهِ لَرَجَوْتُ أَلاَّ تَفُوتَنِي فِيهِ صَلاَةٌ وَتَدْرِي مَا فَضْلُ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ صَالِحٍ وَلاَ نَبِيٍّ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ صَلَّى فِي مَسْجِدِ كُوفَانَ حَتَّى إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَمَّا أَسْرَى الله بِهِ قَالَ لَهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) تَدْرِي أَيْنَ أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ الله السَّاعَةَ أَنْتَ مُقَابِلُ مَسْجِدِ كُوفَانَ قَالَ فَاسْتَأْذِنْ لِي رَبِّي حَتَّى آتِيَهُ فَأُصَلِّيَ فِيهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَاسْتَأْذَنَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَأَذِنَ لَهُ وَإِنَّ مَيْمَنَتَهُ لَرَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ وَإِنَّ وَسَطَهُ لَرَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ وَإِنَّ مُؤَخَّرَهُ لَرَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ وَإِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ فِيهِ لَتَعْدِلُ أَلْفَ صَلاَةٍ وَإِنَّ النَّافِلَةَ فِيهِ لَتَعْدِلُ خَمْسَمِائَةِ صَلاَةٍ وَإِنَّ الْجُلُوسَ فِيهِ بِغَيْرِ تِلاَوَةٍ وَلاَ ذِكْرٍ لَعِبَادَةٌ وَلَوْ عَلِمَ النَّاسُ مَا فِيهِ لأَتَوْهُ وَلَوْ حَبْواً قَالَ سَهْلٌ وَرَوَى لِي غَيْرُ عَمْرٍو أَنَّ الصَّلاَةَ فِيهِ لَتَعْدِلُ بِحَجَّةٍ وَأَنَّ النَّافِلَةَ فِيهِ لَتَعْدِلُ بِعُمْرَةٍ.


1. Muhammad ibn al-Hassan and Ali ibn Muhammad have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Khazzaz from Harun ibn Kharijah who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked me, ‘O Harun ibn Kharijah, how far away do you live from the Masjid of Kufah? Is it one mile?’ I replied, ‘No, it is less than a mile.’ He then asked, ‘Do you perform all Salah (prayers) there?’ I replied, ‘No, I do not perform all Salah (prayers) there.’ He then said, ‘If I were nearby I hope I would not miss performing any Salah (prayer) therein. Do you know what is the excellence of Salah (prayer) performed therein? There is no believer of good deeds or prophet who has not performed Salah (prayer) in the Masjid of Kufah. Even when the Messenger of Allah was on his night journey, Jibril asked him, “Do you know where your are, O Messenger of Allah? At this hour you are across the Masjid of Kufah.” He said, “Ask my Lord for permission so I can go there and perform two Rak‘at Salah (prayer) therein.” He asked Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, for permission, which was granted. On the right side of this Masjid, there is a garden of the gardens of paradise, in the middle of it, there is a garden of the gardens of paradise and behind it, there is a garden of the gardens of paradise. Performing one obligatory Salah (prayer) in it is equal to one thousand Salah (prayer). One optional Salah (prayer) in it is equal to five hundred Salah (prayer). Sitting in it without performing any Salah (prayer) or speaking of Allah is worshipping. Had people known its excellence they would go to it even crawling.’ Sahl has said that narrators other than ‘Amr have said that performing obligatory Salah (prayer) in it is equal to performing Hajj and performing optional Salah (prayer) is equal to ‘Umrah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/486)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي يُوسُفَ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله مِنْ وُلْدِ أَبِي فَاطِمَةَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ مَوْلَى عَبْدِ الله بْنِ يَحْيَى الْكَاهِلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَهُوَ فِي مَسْجِدِ الْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَرَحْمَةُ الله وَبَرَكَاتُهُ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي أَرَدْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ الأقْصَى فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أُسَلِّمَ عَلَيْكَ وَأُوَدِّعَكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ وَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَرَدْتَ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ الْفَضْلَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ فَبِعْ رَاحِلَتَكَ وَكُلْ زَادَكَ وَصَلِّ فِي هَذَا الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ فِيهِ حَجَّةٌ مَبْرُورَةٌ وَالنَّافِلَةَ عُمْرَةٌ مَبْرُورَةٌ وَالْبَرَكَةَ فِيهِ عَلَى اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ مِيلاً يَمِينُهُ يُمْنٌ وَيَسَارُهُ مَكْرٌ وَفِي وَسَطِهِ عَيْنٌ مِنْ دُهْنٍ وَعَيْنٌ مِنْ لَبَنٍ وَعَيْنٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ شَرَابٍ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَعَيْنٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ طُهْرٍ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْهُ سَارَتْ سَفِينَةُ نُوحٍ وَكَانَ فِيهِ نَسْرٌ وَيَغُوثُ وَيَعُوقُ وَصَلَّى فِيهِ سَبْعُونَ نَبِيّاً وَسَبْعُونَ وَصِيّاً أَنَا أَحَدُهُمْ وَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ فِي صَدْرِهِ مَا دَعَا فِيهِ مَكْرُوبٌ بِمَسْأَلَةٍ فِي حَاجَةٍ مِنَ الْحَوَائِجِ إِلاَّ أَجَابَهُ الله وَفَرَّجَ عَنْهُ كُرْبَتَهُ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Yusuf ibn Ya’qub ibn ‘Abd Allah from the sons of abu Fatimah from Isma’il ibn Zayd, Mawla ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Kahiliy who has said the following: “Once, a man came to ’Amir al-Mu’minin, when he was in the Masjid of Kufah. He said, ‘You are a ‘Alayhi al-Salam, His mercy and blessing, O ’Amir al-Mu’minin.’ ’Amir al-Mu’minin responded to his salutation. The man then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I want to visit al-Aqsa’ Masjid so I have come to say farewell to you.’ The Imam asked, ‘What do you think you will receive from your visit?’ He replied, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I expect to receive excellence.’ The Imam then said, ‘Sell your horse, use your supplies and perform Salah (prayer) in this Masjid; performing one obligatory Salah (prayer) in it is equal to one accepted Hajj. Performing one optional Salah (prayer) in it is equal to performing one accepted ‘Umrah. The goodness from there reaches up to twelve miles. Its right side houses goodness but its left side lodges wickedness. At its center, there is a fountain of oil, a fountain of milk, a fountain of water for believers to drink and a fountain of purifying water for believing people. From there the Ark of Noah set sail. Also, (unfortunately) Nasr, Yaghuth and Ya‘uq were placed there. Seventy prophets and seventy successors of prophets, of whom one is myself [he pointed to his own chest], performed Salah (prayer) there. Every person, suffering from hardship, appealing for his wish to come true has found Allah make his wishes come true and remove his hardships.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/487)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ نِعْمَ الْمَسْجِدُ مَسْجِدُ الْكُوفَةِ صَلَّى فِيهِ أَلْفُ نَبِيٍّ وَأَلْفُ وَصِيٍّ وَمِنْهُ فَارَ التَّنُّورُ وَفِيهِ نُجِرَتِ السَّفِينَةُ مَيْمَنَتُهُ رِضْوَانُ الله وَوَسَطُهُ رَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ وَمَيْسَرَتُهُ مَكْرٌ فَقُلْتُ لأَبِي بَصِيرٍ مَا يَعْنِي بِقَوْلِهِ مَكْرٌ قَالَ يَعْنِي مَنَازِلَ السُّلْطَانِ وَكَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُومُ عَلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ ثُمَّ يَرْمِي بِسَهْمِهِ فَيَقَعُ فِي مَوْضِعِ التَّمَّارِينَ فَيَقُولُ ذَاكَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ وَكَانَ يَقُولُ قَدْ نُقِصَ مِنْ أَسَاسِ الْمَسْجِدِ مِثْلُ مَا نُقِصَ فِي تَرْبِيعِهِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from certain individuals of our people from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who have said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The Masjid of Kufah is a very good Masjid. One thousand prophets and one thousand executors of the wills of the prophets have performed Salah (prayer) in it. The oven (of Noah) was there wherefrom water gushed forth and the Ark was carved there-from. Its right side houses the matters of the pleasure of Allah, its center houses a garden of the gardens of paradise and its left side lodges evil planners.’ I (the narrator) asked abu Basir, ‘What is meant by evil-planning?’ He replied, ‘It is a reference to the houses of the sultans (kings). ’Amir al- Mu’minin, would stand at the door of the Masjid then throw an arrow, which would reach the places of the sellers of dates and then say, “That is part of the Masjid.” He would also say, “What is reduced from the basis of the Masjid is like what is reduced from its square.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/488)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ شَجَرَةَ عَنْ بَعْضِ وُلْدِ مِيثَمٍ قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يُصَلِّي إِلَى الأسْطُوَانَةِ السَّابِعَةِ مِمَّا يَلِي أَبْوَابَ كِنْدَةَ وَبَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ السَّابِعَةِ مِقْدَارُ مَمَرِّ عَنْزٍ.


4. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from Ali ibn Shajarah from certain individuals of sons of Mitham who has said the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would perform Salah (prayer) toward the seventh pillar which is before al-Kindah door with a remaining distance of the size of a goat between him and that pillar.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/488)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ قَالَ وَحَدَّثَنِي غَيْرُهُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَنْزِلُ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ سِتُّونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ يُصَلُّونَ عِنْدَ السَّابِعَةِ ثُمَّ لاَ يَعُودُ مِنْهُمْ مَلَكٌ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Asbat who has said that someone other than the narrator of the above Hadith narrated to me the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Every night sixty thousand angels descend down to the seventh pillar to perform Salah (prayer), of which no one up to the Day of Judgment returns again.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/488)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ السِّمْطِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا دَخَلْتَ مِنَ الْبَابِ الثَّانِي فِي مَيْمَنَةِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَعُدَّ خَمْسَ أَسَاطِينَ ثِنْتَيْنِ مِنْهَا فِي الظِّلاَلِ وَثَلاَثَةً فِي الصَّحْنِ فَعِنْدَ الثَّالِثَةِ مُصَلَّى إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَهِيَ الْخَامِسَةُ مِنَ الْحَائِطِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا كَانَ أَيَّامُ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ دَخَلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مِنْ بَابِ الْفِيلِ فَتَيَاسَرَ حِينَ دَخَلَ مِنَ الْبَابِ فَصَلَّى عِنْدَ الأسْطُوَانَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ وَهِيَ بِحِذَاءِ الْخَامِسَةِ فَقُلْتُ أَ فَتِلْكَ أُسْطُوَانَةُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَقَالَ لِي نَعَمْ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isma’il and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sufyan al- Simt who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you enter the Masjid through the second door on the right of the Masjid, count five pillars, two in shadow and three in the open compound, near the third is the station of Ibrahim, Allah has granted him peace. It is the fifth from the wall.’ He (narrator) has said, ‘During the rule of abu al-‘Abbas, abu ‘Abd Allah, entered through al-fil door, bore to the left on entering the door and performed Salah (prayer) near the fourth pillar which is opposite to the fifth pillar.’ I then asked, ‘Is this the pillar of Ibrahim?’ He replied, ‘Yes, it is.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/489)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ الأسْطُوَانَةُ السَّابِعَةُ مِمَّا يَلِي أَبْوَابَ كِنْدَةَ فِي الصَّحْنِ مَقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَالْخَامِسَةُ مَقَامُ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام).


7. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl from ibn Asbat in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the seventh pillar counting from Kindah doors in the compound is the station of Ibrahim and the fifth is the station of Jibril (Gabriel), Allah has granted him peace.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/489)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ السَّرَّاجِ قَالَ قَالَ مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ وَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي وَقَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو حَمْزَةَ وَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي قَالَ وَقَالَ لِي الأصْبَغُ بْنُ نُبَاتَةَ وَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي فَأَرَانِي الأسْطُوَانَةَ السَّابِعَةَ فَقَالَ هَذَا مَقَامُ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ وَكَانَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) يُصَلِّي عِنْدَ الْخَامِسَةِ فَإِذَا غَابَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) صَلَّى فِيهَا الْحَسَنُ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَهِيَ مِنْ بَابِ كِنْدَةَ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma’il ibn Bazi‘a from abu Isma’il al- Sarraj who has said the following: “Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab, holding my hand, said to me, ‘Abu Hamzah holding my hand said to me, “Asbagh ibn Nubatah holding my hand showed me the seventh pillar and said, ‘This is the station of ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam He (the narrator) has said, ‘Al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, would perform Salah (prayer) near the fifth pillar. When ’Amir al-Mu’minin passed away, al- Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, performed Salah (prayer) at that place and it is from the side of Kindah door.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/490)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَسْجِدُ كُوفَانَ رَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ صَلَّى فِيهِ أَلْفُ نَبِيٍّ وَسَبْعُونَ نَبِيّاً وَمَيْمَنَتُهُ رَحْمَةٌ وَمَيْسَرَتُهُ مَكْرٌ فِيهِ عَصَا مُوسَى وَشَجَرَةُ يَقْطِينٍ وَخَاتَمُ سُلَيْمَانَ وَمِنْهُ فَارَ التَّنُّورُ وَنُجِرَتِ السَّفِينَةُ وَهِيَ صُرَّةُ بَابِلَ وَمَجْمَعُ الأنْبِيَاءِ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام).


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih al-Sindiy from Ja‘far ibn Bashir from abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Hadhdha’ from abu ‘Usamah from abu ‘Ubaydah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Masjid of Kufah is a garden of the gardens of paradise. One thousand seventy prophets performed Salah (prayer) in it. Its right side houses blessing and its left side lodges wickedness. In it are the staff of Moses, the squash plant (mentioned in the holy Quran) and the ring of Sulayman (Solomon). The oven of Noah from which water gushed forth was there and the Ark was carved there from. It is the center of Babylon and the gathering place of prophets.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/490)