10. Water of Bath Houses and Water Heated by the Sun’s Rays

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1ـ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ ابْنِ جُمْهُورٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ لاَ تَغْتَسِلْ مِنَ الْبِئْرِ الَّتِي تَجْتَمِعُ فِيهَا غُسَالَةُ الْحَمَّامِ فَإِنَّ فِيهَا غُسَالَةَ وَلَدِ الزِّنَا وَهُوَ لاَ يَطْهُرُ إِلَى سَبْعَةِ آبَاءٍ وَفِيهَا غُسَالَةَ النَّاصِبِ وَهُوَ شَرُّهُمَا إِنَّ الله لَمْ يَخْلُقْ خَلْقاً شَرّاً مِنَ الْكَلْبِ وَإِنَّ النَّاصِبَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَى الله مِنَ الْكَلْبِ قُلْتُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ مَاءِ الْحَمَّامِ يَغْتَسِلُ مِنْهُ الْجُنُبُ وَالصَّبِيُّ وَالْيَهُودِيُّ وَالنَّصْرَانِيُّ وَالْمَجُوسِيُّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ مَاءَ الْحَمَّامِ كَمَاءِ النَّهَرِ يُطَهِّرُ بَعْضُهُ بَعْضاً.


1. Certain persons of our people have narrated from ibn Jumhur from Muhammad ibn al-Qasim from ibn abu Ya‘fur who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Do not take Ghusl (bath) from a well in which water from bath houses accumulate, because in it there is water which is used by one born out of wedlock and it does not become clean for seven generations. In it there is water used by one hostile to ’A’immah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam. One who is hostile to ’A’immah, Alayhim al-Salam, is the worse than the two others. Allah has not created a creature more evil than the dog but one hostile to ’A’immah is more worthless than a dog.’ I then asked him (the Imam) about the water of bathhouses from which one involved in sexual activities, children, Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians take Ghusl (bath). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is like canals in which one part of water cleanses the other part.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/46)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ حَبِيبٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَاءُ الْحَمَّامِ لاَ بَأْسَ بِهِ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَهُ مَادَّةٌ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Hazim from Bakr ibn Habib who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Water of bathhouses does not have problems if it is water from a large source; like a fountain.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/46)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ حَنَانٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَجُلاً يَقُولُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنِّي أَدْخُلُ الْحَمَّامَ فِي السَّحَرِ وَفِيهِ الْجُنُبُ وَغَيْرُ ذَلِكَ فَأَقُومُ فَأَغْتَسِلُ فَيَنْتَضِحُ عَلَيَّ بَعْدَ مَا أَفْرُغُ مِنْ مَائِهِمْ قَالَ أَ لَيْسَ هُوَ جَارٍ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ لاَ بَأْسَ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Hanan who has said the following: “I once heard a man saying to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘In the morning I enter the bathhouse and there is one who has experienced sexual relation and so on. I then stand up and take Ghusl (bath) and water from them sprinkles on me after I finish.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘Is it not running water?’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/49)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْمَاضِي (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ مَجْمَعِ الْمَاءِ فِي الْحَمَّامِ مِنْ غُسَالَةِ النَّاسِ يُصِيبُ الثَّوْبَ قَالَ لاَ بَأْسَ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu Yahya al-Wasitiy from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, the one before, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about accumulated water in bathhouses used by people which pollutes clothes. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/49)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْحُسَيْنِ الْفَارِسِيِّ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْمَاءُ الَّذِي تُسَخِّنُهُ الشَّمْسُ لاَ تَوَضَّئُوا بِهِ وَلاَ تَغْتَسِلُوا بِهِ وَلاَ تَعْجِنُوا بِهِ فَإِنَّهُ يُورِثُ الْبَرَصَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father, from al-Hassan ibn abu al-Husayn al-Farisiy, from Sulayman ibn Ja‘far, from ’Isma‘il ibn abu Ziyad who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Do not use water which is heated by sun rays for Wudu’, Ghusl (bath) or to turn flour into dough with it; it causes leprosy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/49)