5. Grains Subject to Zakat

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْحُبُوبِ مَا يُزَكَّى مِنْهَا قَالَ الْبُرُّ وَالشَّعِيرُ وَالذُّرَةُ وَالدُّخْنُ وَالأرُزُّ وَالسُّلْتُ وَالْعَدَسُ وَالسِّمْسِمُ كُلُّ هَذَا يُزَكَّى وَأَشْبَاهُهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about grains which are subject to Zakat. He (the Imam) said, ‘Zakat is due on wheat, barley, corn, millet, rice, suit (something similar to wheat and barley), lentil and sesame all are subject to Zakat as well as the like.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن بسنديه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/22)



2ـ حَرِيزٌ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مِثْلَهُ وَقَالَ كُلُّ مَا كِيلَ بِالصَّاعِ فَبَلَغَ الأوْسَاقَ فَعَلَيْهِ الزَّكَاةُ وَقَالَ جَعَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الصَّدَقَةَ فِي كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَنْبَتَتِ الأرْضُ إِلاَّ مَا كَانَ فِي الْخُضَرِ وَالْبُقُولِ وَكُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَفْسُدُ مِنْ يَوْمِهِ.


2. Hariz has narrated from Zurarah who has narrated a similar Hadith from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam who has said that whatever is measured with al-Sa‘ and it amounts to al-Awsaq (a certain unit of measurement) then it becomes subject to Zakat.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah made charity (Zakat) obligatory on everything that earth grows except vegetable, legumes and things that perish on the same day.’” H 5738, Ch. 5, h 3


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح وبعده خبران مرسل ن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/22)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ قَرَأْتُ فِي كِتَابِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَضَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الزَّكَاةَ عَلَى تِسْعَةِ أَشْيَاءَ الْحِنْطَةِ وَالشَّعِيرِ وَالتَّمْرِ وَالزَّبِيبِ وَالذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَالْغَنَمِ وَالْبَقَرِ وَالإِبِلِ وَعَفَا رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَمَّا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْقَائِلُ عِنْدَنَا شَيْ‏ءٌ كَثِيرٌ يَكُونُ أَضْعَافَ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ وَمَا هُوَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الأرُزُّ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَقُولُ لَكَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَضَعَ الزَّكَاةَ عَلَى تِسْعَةِ أَشْيَاءَ وَعَفَا عَمَّا سِوَى ذَلِكَ وَتَقُولُ عِنْدَنَا أَرُزٌّ وَعِنْدَنَا ذُرَةٌ وَقَدْ كَانَتِ الذُّرَةُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) كَذَلِكَ هُوَ وَالزَّكَاةُ عَلَى كُلِّ مَا كِيلَ بِالصَّاعِ وَكَتَبَ عَبْدُ الله وَرَوَى غَيْرُ هَذَا الرَّجُلِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُ سَأَلَهُ عَنِ الْحُبُوبِ فَقَالَ وَمَا هِيَ فَقَالَ السِّمْسِمُ وَالأرُزُّ وَالدُّخْنُ وَكُلُّ هَذَا غَلَّةٌ كَالْحِنْطَةِ وَالشَّعِيرِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي الْحُبُوبِ كُلِّهَا زَكَاةٌ.


3. It is also narrated that abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Everything that is measured by al- Qafiz are dealt with like wheat, barley, dates and raisins. He then asked saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, is there Zakat on rice and similar things like beans and lintel?’ He (the Imam) ‘Alayhi al-Salam, signed, ‘Pay charity from everything that is measured.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/23)



4ـ وَرَوَى أَيْضاً عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُلُّ مَا دَخَلَ الْقَفِيزَ فَهُوَ يَجْرِي مَجْرَى الْحِنْطَةِ وَالشَّعِيرِ وَالتَّمْرِ وَالزَّبِيبِ قَالَ فَأَخْبِرْنِي جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ هَلْ عَلَى هَذَا الأرُزِّ وَمَا أَشْبَهَهُ مِنَ الْحُبُوبِ الْحِمِّصِ وَالْعَدَسِ زَكَاةٌ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) صَدَقُوا الزَّكَاةُ فِي كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ كِيلَ.


4. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘We have fresh dates and rice. So what we owe for it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You do not owe anything because of fresh dates. If rice is watered by rains from the sky one out of ten is Zakat but if it is watered with buckets then one out of twenty is Zakat on whatever you measure by al-Sa‘ or that he (the Imam) said, ‘Whatever is measured by measuring devices.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/23)



5ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ لَنَا رَطْبَةً وَأَرُزّاً فَمَا الَّذِي عَلَيْنَا فِيهَا فَقَالَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَمَّا الرَّطْبَةُ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ وَأَمَّا الأرُزُّ فَمَا سَقَتِ السَّمَاءُ بِالْعُشْرِ وَمَا سُقِيَ بِالدَّلْوِ فَنِصْفُ الْعُشْرِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا كِلْتَ بِالصَّاعِ أَوْ قَالَ وَكِيلَ بِالْمِكْيَالِ.


5. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Sama‘ah from those whom he has mentioned from Aban from abu Maryam who has said the foilowing: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about plantation and what is subject to Zakat from it. He (the Imam) said, ‘There is Zakat on wheat, barley, corn, rice, al-sult, and lintels and all of these are subject to Zakat.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Everything that is measured by al-Sa‘ and amounts to al- Awsaq are subject to Zakat.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/24)