9. Zakat on Gold and Silver

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ فِي كُلِّ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ خَمْسَةُ دَرَاهِمَ مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ وَإِنْ نَقَصَ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ زَكَاةٌ وَمِنَ الذَّهَبِ مِنْ كُلِّ عِشْرِينَ دِينَاراً نِصْفُ دِينَارٍ وَإِنْ نَقَصَ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On every two hundred dirham of silver Zakat is five dirham, and on less than two hundred Zakat is not due. On every twenty Dinar of gold half dinar is Zakat and on less than this Zakat is not due.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/30)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ النَّخَّاسِ قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَقَالَ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ صَائِغٌ أَعْمَلُ بِيَدِي وَإِنَّهُ يَجْتَمِعُ عِنْدِيَ الْخَمْسَةُ وَالْعَشَرَةُ فَفِيهَا زَكَاةٌ فَقَالَ إِذَا اجْتَمَعَ مِائَتَا دِرْهَمٍ فَحَالَ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهَا الزَّكَاةَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Rifa‘ah al-Nakhkhas who has said the following: “Once, a man asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘I am a jeweler and I make jewelry with my own hands. Five or ten accumulates with me. Is Zakat due on it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If two hundred accumulates and it remains in your possession for one year then Zakat is due.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/31)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ وَعِدَّةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالاَ لَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ الْعِشْرِينَ مِثْقَالاً مِنَ الذَّهَبِ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَإِذَا كَمَلَتْ عِشْرِينَ مِثْقَالاً فَفِيهَا نِصْفُ مِثْقَالٍ إِلَى أَرْبَعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ فَإِذَا كَمَلَتْ أَرْبَعَةً وَعِشْرِينَ فَفِيهَا ثَلاَثَةُ أَخْمَاسِ دِينَارٍ إِلَى ثَمَانِيَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ فَعَلَى هَذَا الْحِسَابِ كُلَّمَا زَادَ أَرْبَعَةً.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah and A number of our people have narrated from who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, have said, ‘Zakat is not due on what is less than twenty Mithqal of gold. If it is a complete twenty Mithqal, half Mithqal is Zakat thereof. Once it becomes complete twenty-four, then three-fifth of a dinar is Zakat thereof up until it is twenty-eight. Thereafter on the increase of every four, three-fifth of a dinar is Zakat thereof.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/31)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا جَازَتِ الزَّكَاةُ الْعِشْرِينَ دِينَاراً فَفِي كُلِّ أَرْبَعَةِ دَنَانِيرَ عُشْرُ دِينَارٍ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from ibn ‘Uyaynah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Once the amount of gold becomes more than twenty dinar then on every four dinar Zakat is one out of ten dinar.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/31)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الذَّهَبِ كَمْ فِيهِ مِنَ الزَّكَاةِ فَقَالَ إِذَا بَلَغَ قِيمَتُهُ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ فَعَلَيْهِ الزَّكَاةُ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad, from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about gold and the amount of its Zakat. He (the Imam) said, ‘Once its value amounts up to two hundred dirham then Zakat is payable.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/31)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ بَشَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي كَمْ وَضَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الزَّكَاةَ فَقَالَ فِي كُلِّ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ خَمْسَةَ دَرَاهِمَ فَإِنْ نَقَصَتْ فَلاَ زَكَاةَ فِيهَا وَفِي الذَّهَبِ فَفِي كُلِّ عِشْرِينَ دِينَاراً نِصْفُ دِينَارٍ فَإِنْ نَقَصَتْ فَلاَ زَكَاةَ فِيهَا.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Husayn ibn Bashshar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘How much Zakat, the Messenger of Allah has levied? He (the Imam) said, ‘It is five dirham on every two hundred and if it is less, then Zakat is not due. On every twenty dinar of gold Zakat is half dinar and Zakat is not due on less than twenty dinar.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/32)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ مَا أَقَلُّ مَا يَكُونُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ قَالَ مِائَتَا دِرْهَمٍ وَعِدْلُهَا مِنَ الذَّهَبِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ النَّيِّفِ وَالْخَمْسَةِ وَالْعَشَرَةِ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ أَرْبَعِينَ فَيُعْطَى مِنْ كُلِّ أَرْبَعِينَ دِرْهَماً دِرْهَمٌ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was once asked about the minimum Zakat on gold and silver. He (the Imam) said, ‘The minimum is two hundred and the equivalent of it of gold.’ I then asked about fifteen and change. He (the Imam) said, ‘Zakat is not due on it until it becomes forty, then for every forty Zakat is one dirham.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/32)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ تِسْعُونَ وَمِائَةُ دِرْهَمٍ وَتِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ دِينَاراً أَ عَلَيْهَا فِي الزَّكَاةِ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقَالَ إِذَا اجْتَمَعَ الذَّهَبُ وَالْفِضَّةُ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ فَفِيهَا الزَّكَاةُ لأَنَّ عَيْنَ الْمَالِ الدَّرَاهِمُ وَكُلُّ مَا خَلاَ الدَّرَاهِمَ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ أَوْ مَتَاعٍ فَهُوَ عَرْضٌ مَرْدُودٌ ذَلِكَ إِلَى الدَّرَاهِمِ فِي الزَّكَاةِ وَالدِّيَاتِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once said to abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘There is one hundred ninety dirham and nineteen dinar. Is there Zakat on it? He (the Imam) said, ‘If gold and silver together amount to two hundred dirham, then there is Zakat payable, because dirham represents the value of wealth and items other than dirham like gold and goods are evaluated on the basis of dirham in matters of Zakat and compensations.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/32)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ هِلاَلٍ عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الصَّائِغِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنِّي كُنْتُ فِي قَرْيَةٍ مِنْ قُرَى خُرَاسَانَ يُقَالُ لَهَا بُخَارَى فَرَأَيْتُ فِيهَا دَرَاهِمَ تُعْمَلُ ثُلُثٌ فِضَّةٌ وَثُلُثٌ مِسٌّ وَثُلُثٌ رَصَاصٌ وَكَانَتْ تَجُوزُ عِنْدَهُمْ وَكُنْتُ أَعْمَلُهَا وَأُنْفِقُهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لاَ بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ إِذَا كَانَتْ تَجُوزُ عِنْدَهُمْ فَقُلْتُ أَ رَأَيْتَ إِنْ حَالَ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ وَهِيَ عِنْدِي وَفِيهَا مَا يَجِبُ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ أُزَكِّيهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مَالُكَ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ أَخْرَجْتُهَا إِلَى بَلْدَةٍ لاَ يُنْفَقُ فِيهَا مِثْلُهَا فَبَقِيَتْ عِنْدِي حَتَّى يَحُولَ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ أُزَكِّيهَا قَالَ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْرِفُ أَنَّ فِيهَا مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ الْخَالِصَةِ مَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْكَ فِيهَا الزَّكَاةُ فَزَكِّ مَا كَانَ لَكَ فِيهَا مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ الْخَالِصَةِ وَدَعْ مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ مِنَ الْخَبِيثِ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ كُنْتُ لاَ أَعْلَمُ مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ الْخَالِصَةِ إِلاَّ أَنِّي أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ فِيهَا مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ قَالَ فَاسْبِكْهَا حَتَّى تَخْلُصَ الْفِضَّةُ وَيَحْتَرِقَ الْخَبِيثُ ثُمَّ يُزَكَّى مَا خَلَصَ مِنَ الْفِضَّةِ لِسَنَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hilal from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Zayd al-Sa‘igh who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I have been in a town in Khurasan called Bukhara’. I saw dirhams used there had one-third of silver, one-third of copper and one-third of lead and it was lawful among them. I would use and spend them. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘There is no offence in it if it is lawful among them.’ I then asked, ‘If it remains with me for one year with other goods, is there Zakat on it? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, there is Zakat on it; it is of your assets.’ I then asked, ‘If I take it to a town where they are not accepted and used and it remains with me for one whole year. Is there Zakat on it? He (the Imam) said, ‘If you know that there is pure silver in it which amounts to a quantity subject to Zakat, then you must pay Zakat thereof for pure silver therein and leave the rest of dirt.’ I then asked, ‘If I do not know the amount of pure silver in it, however I know that the amount of silver existing is the amount which is subject to Zakat.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Cast it until silver is pure and dirt is burned, then after passing of one year it becomes subject to Zakat.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/33)