66. The Excellence of Friday and its Night

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ مَا طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ بِيَوْمٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The sun does not shine on anything (other days) more excellent than Friday.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/339)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ نَزَلَ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ مَعَهُمْ قَرَاطِيسُ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ وَأَقْلاَمٌ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَيَجْلِسُونَ عَلَى أَبْوَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ عَلَى كَرَاسِيَّ مِنْ نُورٍ فَيَكْتُبُونَ النَّاسَ عَلَى مَنَازِلِهِمُ الأوَّلَ وَالثَّانِيَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ الإِمَامُ فَإِذَا خَرَجَ الإِمَامُ طَوَوْا صُحُفَهُمْ وَلاَ يَهْبِطُونَ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الأيَّامِ إِلاَّ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ يَعْنِي الْمَلاَئِكَةَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ.


2. It is a narration from him (narrator of previous Hadith) by Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn al- Suwayd from ’Abd Allah ibn Sinan from Hafs al-Bakhtariy from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On Fridays, prominent angels come down with paper of silver and pens of gold and sit on the doors of Masjids on chairs of light and write people according to their grades such as first, second . . . until the Imam (prayer leader) comes out. When he comes out they (angels) roll up their pages and do not descend again until next Friday.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/339)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَسْتَحِبُّ إِذَا دَخَلَ وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فِي الشِّتَاءِ أَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ الله اخْتَارَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ شَيْئاً فَاخْتَارَ مِنَ الأيَّامِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ.


3. Ahmad has narrated from al-Husayn from al-Nadr ibn al-Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah loved it, when traveling or coming home in winter, to be on Friday nights.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has also said, ‘Allah has chosen something from everything. From days He has chosen Friday.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/340)



4ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ السَّاعَةُ الَّتِي يُسْتَجَابُ فِيهَا الدُّعَاءُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ مَا بَيْنَ فَرَاغِ الإِمَامِ مِنَ الْخُطْبَةِ إِلَى أَنْ يَسْتَوِيَ النَّاسُ فِي الصُّفُوفِ وَسَاعَةٌ أُخْرَى مِنْ آخِرِ النَّهَارِ إِلَى غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ.


4. The narrator of previous Hadith has also narrated from al-Nadr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The hour of Friday wherein prayers are answered is the time when the prayer leader completes the sermons, until people get ready in rows for Salah (prayer). The other hour is the time at the end of the day to sunset.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/340)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ سَيِّدُ الأيَّامِ يُضَاعِفُ الله فِيهِ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَيَمْحُو فِيهِ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَيَرْفَعُ فِيهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ وَيَسْتَجِيبُ فِيهِ الدَّعَوَاتِ وَيَكْشِفُ فِيهِ الْكُرُبَاتِ وَيَقْضِي فِيهِ الْحَوَائِجَ الْعِظَامَ وَهُوَ يَوْمُ الْمَزِيدِ لله فِيهِ عُتَقَاءُ وَطُلَقَاءُ مِنَ النَّارِ مَا دَعَا بِهِ أَحَدٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَقَدْ عَرَفَ حَقَّهُ وَحُرْمَتَهُ إِلاَّ كَانَ حَقّاً عَلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ يَجْعَلَهُ مِنْ عُتَقَائِهِ وَطُلَقَائِهِ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنْ مَاتَ فِي يَوْمِهِ وَلَيْلَتِهِ مَاتَ شَهِيداً وَبُعِثَ آمِناً وَمَا اسْتَخَفَّ أَحَدٌ بِحُرْمَتِهِ وَضَيَّعَ حَقَّهُ إِلاَّ كَانَ حَقّاً عَلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ يُصْلِيَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَتُوبَ.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Friday is the master of days. On this day Allah increases good deeds and obliterates bad deeds, raises the degrees, answers prayers, removes hardships and makes great wishes come true. It is the day wherein Allah increases the number of those He emancipates and sets free from fire. Whoever prays in this day to Allah with full knowledge of His rights and respect, it then becomes necessary for Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, to emancipate and free him from the fire. If he dies on this day or night, he has died a martyr and will be resurrected with full protection. Whoever neglects to respect Him and fails to observe His right, it then becomes a right upon Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, to make him feel the heat of hell unless he repents.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/340)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ لِلْجُمُعَةِ حَقّاً وَحُرْمَةً فَإِيَّاكَ أَنْ تُضَيِّعَ أَوْ تُقَصِّرَ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ عِبَادَةِ الله وَالتَّقَرُّبِ إِلَيْهِ بِالْعَمَلِ الصَّالِحِ وَتَرْكِ الْمَحَارِمِ كُلِّهَا فَإِنَّ الله يُضَاعِفُ فِيهِ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَيَمْحُو فِيهِ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَيَرْفَعُ فِيهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ قَالَ وَذَكَرَ أَنَّ يَوْمَهُ مِثْلُ لَيْلَتِهِ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تُحْيِيَهَا بِالصَّلاَةِ وَالدُّعَاءِ فَافْعَلْ فَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَنْزِلُ فِي أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَى سَمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَيُضَاعِفُ فِيهِ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَيَمْحُو فِيهِ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَإِنَّ الله وَاسِعٌ كَرِيمٌ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For Friday there are rights and respect, you must not fail to observe them or have shortcomings in worshipping Allah or in striving to become nearer to Him through good deeds and through refraining from all prohibited matters. Allah on this day increases good deeds, obliterates bad deeds and raises degrees of excellence.’ The narrator has said that the Imam then said, ‘Friday night is like its day. If you can, stay awake all night in Salah (prayer) and supplication; your Lord in the beginning of Friday night (commands an angel who) descends to the first heaven, (he) increases good deeds, obliterates bad deeds and Allah’s kindness is vast and graceful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/341)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ لَهُ رَجُلٌ كَيْفَ سُمِّيَتِ الْجُمُعَةُ قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ جَمَعَ فِيهَا خَلْقَهُ لِوَلاَيَةِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَوَصِيِّهِ فِي الْمِيثَاقِ فَسَمَّاهُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ لِجَمْعِهِ فِيهِ خَلْقَهُ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Musa from al-‘ Abbas ibn The Ma’ruf from ibn abu Najran from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from ibn abu Ya‘fur from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, in answer to a question, ’How was Friday called Friday?’ The Imam said, ’Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, brought His creatures under the Divine Authority of Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and the Executor of his will during “the divine Covenant session”, and that session was called “al-Jumu‘ah” (the assembly) because of His calling His creatures together.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/342)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَلَيْلَتِهَا فَقَالَ لَيْلَتُهَا غَرَّاءُ وَيَوْمُهَا يَوْمٌ زَاهِرٌ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى الأرْضِ يَوْمٌ تَغْرُبُ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ أَكْثَرَ مُعَافًى مِنَ النَّارِ مِنْهُ مَنْ مَاتَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ عَارِفاً بِحَقِّ أَهْلِ هَذَا الْبَيْتِ كَتَبَ الله لَهُ بَرَاءَةً مِنَ النَّارِ وَبَرَاءَةً مِنَ الْعَذَابِ وَمَنْ مَاتَ لَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ أُعْتِقَ مِنَ النَّارِ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn al-Nu‘man from ‘Umar ibn Yazid from Jabir who has said the following: “Someone asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Friday and its night. The Imam replied, ’Friday night is the finest; its day is brilliant. There is no other day in which sunset takes place with as many rescued from the fire as is on Friday. If one dies on Friday while fully acknowledging the rights of Ahl al-Bayt (people of this house), Allah writes for him the certificate of freedom from the fire and punishment. If one dies on a Friday night, he is set free from the fire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/342)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَضَّلَ الله الْجُمُعَةَ عَلَى غَيْرِهَا مِنَ الأيَّامِ وَإِنَّ الْجِنَانَ لَتُزَخْرَفُ وَتُزَيَّنُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ لِمَنْ أَتَاهَا وَإِنَّكُمْ تَتَسَابَقُونَ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ عَلَى قَدْرِ سَبْقِكُمْ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ وَإِنَّ أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ لَتُفَتَّحُ لِصُعُودِ أَعْمَالِ الْعِبَادِ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from al-Nadr ibn al-Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah has given excellence to Friday over other days. On Friday, decoration and beautification takes place in paradise for those who attend it (Friday). You race to paradise proportionate to the degree of your attending Friday. On Friday the doors of heavens open for the deeds of servants (of Allah).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/342)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَاسْعَوْا إِلى‏ ذِكْرِ الله قَالَ اعْمَلُوا وَعَجِّلُوا فَإِنَّهُ يَوْمٌ مُضَيَّقٌ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِيهِ وَثَوَابُ أَعْمَالِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِيهِ عَلَى قَدْرِ مَا ضُيِّقَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَالْحَسَنَةُ وَالسَّيِّئَةُ تُضَاعَفُ فِيهِ قَالَ وَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَالله لَقَدْ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ النَّبِيِّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانُوا يَتَجَهَّزُونَ لِلْجُمُعَةِ يَوْمَ الْخَمِيسِ لأَنَّهُ يَوْمٌ مُضَيَّقٌ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ.


10. Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih from Jabir ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Hasten to remember Allah. . . .’ (62:9). He replied, ‘It means do good deeds and do it promptly; it is a busy day for the Muslims. The reward for the deeds of the Muslims is proportionate to the degree of its business. Both good and bad deeds double on this day.’ The narrator has said that abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘By Allah, I have received reports that the companions of the Holy Prophet would prepare themselves on Thursday for Friday; it is a busy day for the Muslims.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/342)



11ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي الْبِلاَدِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ أَوْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَا طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ بِيَوْمٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَإِنَّ كَلاَمَ الطَّيْرِ فِيهِ إِذَا الْتَقَى بَعْضُهَا بَعْضاً سَلاَمٌ سَلاَمٌ يَوْمٌ صَالِحٌ.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Ibrahim ibn abu al-Balad from certain individuals of his people who have said the following: “Abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There is no other day on which sun shines more excellent than Friday. The words of birds, on meeting each other, on this day are, “Peace, peace. It is a good day.’””


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/343)



12ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) السَّاعَةُ الَّتِي فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ الَّتِي لاَ يَدْعُو فِيهَا مُؤْمِنٌ إِلاَّ اسْتُجِيبَ لَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِذَا خَرَجَ الإِمَامُ قُلْتُ إِنَّ الإِمَامَ يُعَجِّلُ وَيُؤَخِّرُ قَالَ إِذَا زَاغَتِ الشَّمْسُ.


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the hour on Friday in which prayer of a believing person is answered. He replied, ‘Yes, it is the time when the Imam comes out.’ I then said, ‘Imam may come early or late.’ He said, ‘It is when the sun declines toward the west at midday.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/343)



13ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُذَافِرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَا عُمَرُ إِنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَ لَيْلَةُ الْجُمُعَةِ نَزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَلاَئِكَةٌ بِعَدَدِ الذَّرِّ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ أَقْلاَمُ الذَّهَبِ وَقَرَاطِيسُ الْفِضَّةِ لاَ تَكْتُبُونَ إِلَى لَيْلَةِ السَّبْتِ إِلاَّ الصَّلاَةَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَأَكْثِرْ مِنْهَا وَقَالَ يَا عُمَرُ إِنَّ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمِ جُمُعَةٍ أَلْفَ مَرَّةٍ وَفِي سَائِرِ الأيَّامِ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ.


13. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad ibn ‘Adhafir from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘O ‘Umar, on Friday nights angels by the number of atoms come to earth with pens of gold and papers of silver in their hands. They write no other thing until Saturday except about Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause). I pray to Allah to grant them such rewards. You should say, “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause) a great deal.” The Imam also said, ‘O ‘Umar, it is of the Sunnah (tradition the Holy Prophet) to say, “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause)” every Friday one thousand times and one hundred times on other days.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/343)



14ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَخِيهِ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ أَقْصَرُ الأيَّامِ قَالَ كَذَلِكَ هُوَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ كَيْفَ ذَاكَ قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَجْمَعُ أَرْوَاحَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ تَحْتَ عَيْنِ الشَّمْسِ فَإِذَا رَكَدَتِ الشَّمْسُ عَذَّبَ الله أَرْوَاحَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ بِرُكُودِ الشَّمْسِ سَاعَةً فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ لاَ يَكُونُ لِلشَّمْسِ رُكُودٌ رَفَعَ الله عَنْهُمُ الْعَذَابَ لِفَضْلِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَلاَ يَكُونُ لِلشَّمْسِ رُكُودٌ.


14. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his brother, Ishaq ibn Ibrahim, from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ who has said the following: “I once asked al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Is it true, as I have heard that Friday is the shortest day?’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/343)