77. Required Length of Distance of a Journey for Shortened Salah (Prayer)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ التَّقْصِيرُ فِي بَرِيدٍ وَالْبَرِيدُ أَرْبَعَةُ فَرَاسِخَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Salah (prayer) is reduced after traveling a distance of one barid and one barid is four farasikh (which is twelve miles).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/374)



2ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَدْنَى مَا يَقْصُرُ فِيهِ الْمُسَافِرُ فَقَالَ بَرِيدٌ.


2. It is a narration from him (narrator of previous Hadith) by his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the minimum distance after the traveling of which a traveler reduces his Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is one barid.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/375)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ بَيْنَا نَحْنُ جُلُوسٌ وَأَبِي عِنْدَ وَالٍ لِبَنِي أُمَيَّةَ عَلَى الْمَدِينَةِ إِذْ جَاءَ أَبِي فَجَلَسَ فَقَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ هَذَا قُبَيْلُ فَسَأَلَهُمْ عَنِ التَّقْصِيرِ فَقَالَ قَائِلٌ مِنْهُمْ فِي ثَلاَثٍ وَقَالَ قَائِلٌ مِنْهُمْ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ وَقَالَ قَائِلٌ مِنْهُمْ رَوْحَةٍ فَسَأَلَنِي فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَمَّا نَزَلَ عَلَيْهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) بِالتَّقْصِيرِ قَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي كَمْ ذَاكَ فَقَالَ فِي بَرِيدٍ قَالَ وَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ الْبَرِيدُ قَالَ مَا بَيْنَ ظِلِّ عَيْرٍ إِلَى فَيْ‏ءِ وُعَيْرٍ قَالَ ثُمَّ عَبَرْنَا زَمَاناً ثُمَّ رَأَى [رُؤِيَ‏] بَنُو أُمَيَّةَ يَعْمَلُونَ أَعْلاَماً عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ وَأَنَّهُمْ ذَكَرُوا مَا تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَذَرَعُوا مَا بَيْنَ ظِلِّ عَيْرٍ إِلَى فَيْ‏ءِ وُعَيْرٍ ثُمَّ جَزَّءُوهُ إِلَى اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ مِيلاً فَكَانَ ثَلاَثَةَ آلاَفٍ وَخَمْسَمِائَةِ ذِرَاعٍ كُلُّ مِيلٍ فَوَضَعُوا الأعْلاَمَ فَلَمَّا ظَهَرَ بَنُو هَاشِمٍ غَيَّرُوا أَمْرَ بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ غَيْرَةً لأَنَّ الْحَدِيثَ هَاشِمِيٌّ فَوَضَعُوا إِلَى جَنْبِ كُلِّ عَلَمٍ عَلَماً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Khazzaz from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Once we were sitting and my father was with the governor of banu ‘Umayyah over the people of al-Madinah. My father came back and sat down and said, “I was in the court of this (governor) a little while ago and people asked about Taqsir (reducing Salah (prayer) on a journey after traveling a certain distance). Someone said that it is at three. Another one said that it is after traveling one day and one night. Yet another said that it is one rawhah. He (the Governor) then asked me and I said, ‘When Jibril came with Taqsir (reducing Salah (prayer) on a journey after traveling a certain distance) to the Messenger of Allah, the Holy prophet asked him, “At what distance is this?” He (Jibril) said, “It is at one barid.” He (the Messenger of Allah) asked, “What is that?” Jibril replied, “It is between the shadow of ‘Ayr (a certain mountain) to the shadow of 0‘Ayr.”’ He (the Imam) said that time passed, then it was seen that banu ‘Umayyah had placed marks on the road and mentioned what Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had spoken of. They placed signs on the shadow of ‘Ayr and the outline of 0‘Ayr. They then divided it into twelve miles and it was three thousand and five hundred yards for each mile. They had placed signs on them. When banu Hashim appeared they changed the affairs of banu ‘Umayyah in a certain way because Hadith is from banu Hashim, thus they placed a sign next to each sign.’” (the Arabic word for yard is Dhira‘ (from the elbow to the tip of the fingers which is about eighteen inches)).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/375)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ حَدِّ الأمْيَالِ الَّتِي يَجِبُ فِيهَا التَّقْصِيرُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) جَعَلَ حَدَّ الأمْيَالِ مِنْ ظِلِّ عَيْرٍ إِلَى ظِلِّ وُعَيْرٍ وَهُمَا جَبَلاَنِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَإِذَا طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَقَعَ ظِلُّ عَيْرٍ إِلَى ظِلِّ وُعَيْرٍ وَهُوَ الْمِيلُ الَّذِي وَضَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَلَيْهِ التَّقْصِيرَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the limit of the miles which is involved in Taqsir (reducing Salah (prayer) on a journey after traveling a certain distance). Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, said, ‘The Messenger of Allah had determined the limits of such mile to be from the shadow of ‘Ayr to the shadow of O’ Ayr and they are two mountains in al-Madinah. On sunrise the shadow of ‘Ayr falls on the shadow of O’ Ayr and that is the mile that the Messenger of Allah had set up for Taqsir (reducing Salah (prayer) on a journey after traveling a certain distance).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/377)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ الْجَبَلِيِّ عَنْ صَبَّاحٍ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ قَوْمٍ خَرَجُوا فِي سَفَرٍ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَوْا إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِمْ فِيهِ التَّقْصِيرُ قَصَّرُوا مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا صَارُوا عَلَى فَرْسَخَيْنِ أَوْ عَلَى ثَلاَثَةِ فَرَاسِخَ أَوْ أَرْبَعَةٍ تَخَلَّفَ عَنْهُمْ رَجُلٌ لاَ يَسْتَقِيمُ لَهُمْ سَفَرُهُمْ إِلاَّ بِهِ فَأَقَامُوا يَنْتَظِرُونَ مَجِيئَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ وَهُمْ لاَ يَسْتَقِيمُ لَهُمُ السَّفَرُ إِلاَّ بِمَجِيئِهِ إِلَيْهِمْ فَأَقَامُوا عَلَى ذَلِكَ أَيَّاماً لاَ يَدْرُونَ هَلْ يَمْضُونَ فِي سَفَرِهِمْ أَوْ يَنْصَرِفُونَ هَلْ يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ أَنْ يُتِمُّوا الصَّلاَةَ أَوْ يُقِيمُوا عَلَى تَقْصِيرِهِمْ قَالَ إِنْ كَانُوا بَلَغُوا مَسِيرَةَ أَرْبَعَةِ فَرَاسِخَ فَلْيُقِيمُوا عَلَى تَقْصِيرِهِمْ أَقَامُوا أَمِ انْصَرَفُوا وَإِنْ كَانُوا سَارُوا أَقَلَّ مِنْ أَرْبَعَةِ فَرَاسِخَ فَلْيُتِمُّوا الصَّلاَةَ أَقَامُوا أَوِ انْصَرَفُوا فَإِذَا مَضَوْا فَلْيُقَصِّرُوا.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Barqiy, from Muhammad ibn Aslam al-Jabaliy from Sabbah al-Hadhdha’ from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a people who are on a journey. When they arrived at the place where they were required to perform their Salah (prayer) in a reduced form, they reduced their Salah (prayer). After traveling two, three, or four farsakh, one of them without whom their journey could not be done remained behind. They waited for his arrival. Without him their journey was not possible. They stayed there for many days without knowing to go forward or return. Are they required to perform their Salah (prayer) complete or reduce it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If they have traveled four farsakh they reduce their Salah (prayer), regardless, they stay there or return. If they have traveled less than four farsakh, they perform their Salah (prayer) complete, regardless, they stay there or return.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف أو مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/377)