Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > Men Lead Salah (Prayer) for Women and Women Lead Salah (Prayer) for Women
Hadith #1

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَؤُمُّ الْمَرْأَةَ فِي بَيْتِهِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ تَقُومُ وَرَاءَهُ.

1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu al-‘Abbas who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who leads the woman in his house in Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ’Yes, he can do so and she stands behind him.”’



Hadith #2

2ـ جَمَاعَةٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ تَؤُمُّ النِّسَاءَ فَقَالَ إِذَا كُنَّ جَمِيعاً أَمَّتْهُنَّ فِي النَّافِلَةِ فَأَمَّا الْمَكْتُوبَةُ فَلاَ وَلاَ تَقَدَّمْهُنَّ وَلَكِنْ تَقُومُ وَسَطاً مِنْهُنَّ.

2. A group has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah from ibn Sinan from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a woman’s leading other women in Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘She can do so if they all follow her in optional Salah (prayer), but not in obligatory Salah (prayer), and she is not to lead them, instead she stands up in their middle.’”



Hadith #3

3ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَؤُمُّ النِّسَاءَ لَيْسَ مَعَهُنَّ رَجُلٌ فِي الْفَرِيضَةِ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَعَهُ صَبِيٌّ فَلْيَقُمْ إِلَى جَانِبِهِ.

3. Ahmad ibn al-Husayn has narrated from Fadalah from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from Ibrahim ibn Maymun who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who leads women in obligatory Salah (prayer) where there are no other men. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so and if there is a child he stands up on his side.’”