17. Animals Subject to Zakat and Those Not Subject to Zakat

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَزُرَارَةَ عَنْهُمَا جَمِيعاً (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) قَالاَ وَضَعَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَلَى الْخَيْلِ الْعِتَاقِ الرَّاعِيَةِ فِي كُلِّ فَرَسٍ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ دِينَارَيْنِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَى الْبَرَاذِينِ دِينَاراً.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim and Zurarah who has said the following: “The two Imam, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, have said that ’Ameer ul-Mo’mineen, levied two dinar of Zakat on every Arabian horse every year and one dinar of Zakat on non-Arabian horse.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/55)



2ـ حَمَّادُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) هَلْ فِي الْبِغَالِ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقَالَ لاَ فَقُلْتُ فَكَيْفَ صَارَ عَلَى الْخَيْلِ وَلَمْ يَصِرْ عَلَى الْبِغَالِ فَقَالَ لأَنَّ الْبِغَالَ لاَ تَلْقَحُ وَالْخَيْلُ الإِنَاثُ يُنْتَجْنَ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى الْخَيْلِ الذُّكُورِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ فَمَا فِي الْحَمِيرِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ هَلْ عَلَى الْفَرَسِ أَوِ الْبَعِيرِ يَكُونُ لِلرَّجُلِ يَرْكَبُهُمَا شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقَالَ لاَ لَيْسَ عَلَى مَا يُعْلَفُ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَةُ عَلَى السَّائِمَةِ الْمُرْسَلَةِ فِي مَرْجِهَا عَامَهَا الَّذِي يَقْتَنِيهَا فِيهِ الرَّجُلُ فَأَمَّا مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَلَيْسَ فِيهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


2. Hammad ibn ‘Isa has narrated from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if there is Zakat on mules. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, Zakat is not due on it.’ I then said, ‘How is it that there is Zakat on horses but not on mules?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is because mules do not reproduce but mares do so and Zakat is not due on horses.’ I then asked are donkeys subject to Zakat?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not subject to Zakat.’ I then asked, ‘Are horses and camels that one uses for riding subject to Zakat?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, Zakat is not due on whatever one feeds. Only that which is left in pastures land to graze for one year is subject to Zakat, while in one’s possession. Other than this is not subject to Zakat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/55)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَى الرَّقِيقِ زَكَاةٌ إِلاَّ رَقِيقٌ يُبْتَغَى بِهِ التِّجَارَةَ فَإِنَّهُ مِنَ الْمَالِ الَّذِي يُزَكَّى.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Slaves are not subject to Zakat unless they are for business purposes, because they are from assets that are subject to Zakat.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/56)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُمَا سُئِلاَ عَمَّا فِي الرَّقِيقِ فَقَالاَ لَيْسَ فِي الرَّأْسِ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ صَاعٍ مِنْ تَمْرٍ إِذَا حَالَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَوْلُ وَلَيْسَ فِي ثَمَنِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى يَحُولَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَوْلُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “They asked abu Ja‘far and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about slaves. They (the two Imam), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, said, ‘Zakat which is more than one Sa’ of date is not due per-head, when one year passes. There is nothing on what is paid as his price unless he has remained in one’s possession for one year.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/56)



5ـ حَمَّادُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) رَجُلٌ لَمْ يُزَكِّ إِبِلَهُ أَوْ شَاتَهُ عَامَيْنِ فَبَاعَهَا عَلَى مَنِ اشْتَرَاهَا أَنْ يُزَكِّيَهَا لِمَا مَضَى قَالَ نَعَمْ تُؤْخَذُ مِنْهُ زَكَاتُهَا وَيَتْبَعُ بِهَا الْبَائِعَ أَوْ يُؤَدِّيَ زَكَاتَهَا الْبَائِعُ.


5. Hammad ibn ‘Isa has narrated from Hariz from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has not paid Zakat for his camel or sheep for two years then sells to another man who, as part of the deal, is asked to pay its Zakat. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, Zakat is collected from him and the seller pursues him for payment or himself pays its Zakat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/56)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ إِبِلٌ أَوْ بَقَرٌ أَوْ غَنَمٌ أَوْ مَتَاعٌ فَيَحُولُ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ فَيَمُوتُ الإِبِلُ وَالْبَقَرُ وَالْغَنَمُ وَيَحْتَرِقُ الْمَتَاعُ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has a camel or cow or sheep or other assets. One year passes and the camel, cow or sheep dies and the asset is destroyed because of fire. He (the Imam) said, ‘He does not owe anything.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/57)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لاَ يَأْخُذُ مِنْ صِغَارِ الإِبِلِ شَيْئاً حَتَّى يَحُولَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَوْلُ وَلاَ يَأْخُذُ مِنْ جِمَالِ الْعَمَلِ صَدَقَةً وَكَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَجِبْ أَنْ يُؤْخَذَ مِنَ الذُّكُورِ شَيْ‏ءٌ لأَنَّهُ ظَهْرٌ يُحْمَلُ عَلَيْهَا.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from who has said the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would not demand Zakat for small camels until one year passed as well as for working camels. It seems as if Zakat is not due on male (camels) because it is used to carry loads.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/57)