18. Women Must Make-up-for Fasting Because of Hayd but Not Salah (Prayer)

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1ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالاَ الْحَائِضُ تَقْضِي الصِّيَامَ وَلاَ تَقْضِي الصَّلاَةَ.


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from af-Washsha’ from Aban from those who narrated to him has said the foffowing: “Abu Ja‘far, and abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, have said, ‘Woman experiencing Hayd (menses) must compensatory prayer fasting but not for Salah (prayer).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/248)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) الْحَائِضُ تَقْضِي الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ لاَ قُلْتُ تَقْضِي الصَّوْمَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ مِنْ أَيْنَ جَاءَ هَذَا قَالَ إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَنْ قَاسَ إِبْلِيسُ.


2. Afi ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from af-Hassan ibn Rashid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who experiences Hayd (menses) if she is required to perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) she has missed. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, she is not required.’ I asked if she is required to do Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she is required to fast.’ I then asked, ‘From where has this come?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The first one who used analogy was Iblis (Satan).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/248)



3ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ قَضَاءِ الْحَائِضِ الصَّلاَةَ ثُمَّ تَقْضِي الصَّوْمَ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا أَنْ تَقْضِيَ الصَّلاَةَ وَعَلَيْهَا أَنْ تَقْضِيَ صَوْمَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيَّ وَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ يَأْمُرُ بِذَلِكَ فَاطِمَةَ (عَلَيْهِا الْسَّلام) وَكَانَتْ تَأْمُرُ بِذَلِكَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ.


3. Afi ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a woman who experiences Hayd (menses). I asked about Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) she has missed and that of fast. He (the Imam) said, ‘She is not required to perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) but she is required to do Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of fast of the month of Ramadan.’ He (the Imam) then turned to me and said that the Messenger of Allah would give such instructions to Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, and she would instruct the believing women so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/248)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلًّى عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ الْمُغِيرَةَ بْنَ سَعِيدٍ رَوَى عَنْكَ أَنَّكَ قُلْتَ لَهُ إِنَّ الْحَائِضَ تَقْضِي الصَّلاَةَ فَقَالَ مَا لَهُ لاَ وَفَّقَهُ الله إِنَّ امْرَأَةَ عِمْرَانَ نَذَرَتْ مَا فِي بَطْنِهَا مُحَرَّراً وَالْمُحَرَّرُ لِلْمَسْجِدِ يَدْخُلُهُ ثُمَّ لاَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ أَبَداً فَلَمَّا وَضَعَتْها قالَتْ رَبِّ إِنِّي وَضَعْتُها أُنْثى‏... وَلَيْسَ الذَّكَرُ كَالأنْثى‏ فَلَمَّا وَضَعَتْهَا أَدْخَلَتْهَا الْمَسْجِدَ فَسَاهَمَتْ عَلَيْهَا الأنْبِيَاءُ فَأَصَابَتِ الْقُرْعَةُ زَكَرِيَّا وَكَفَّلَهَا زَكَرِيَّا فَلَمْ تَخْرُجْ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ حَتَّى بَلَغَتْ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَتْ مَا تَبْلُغُ النِّسَاءُ خَرَجَتْ فَهَلْ كَانَتْ تَقْدِرُ عَلَى أَنْ تَقْضِيَ تِلْكَ الأيَّامَ الَّتِي خَرَجَتْ وَهِيَ عَلَيْهَا أَنْ تَكُونَ الدَّهْرَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ from al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ’Isma‘il al- -Ju’fiy who has said the following: “I once said to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that al-Mughirah ibn Sa‘id has narrated from you that you have said, ‘A woman is required to perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of Salah (prayer) she has missed when experiencing Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘What has happened to him, may Allah not accord him. The wife of ‘Imran made a vow about what was in her belly to be dedicated. What is dedicated to Masjid enters it then does not come out whereof forever. When she gave birth she said, ‘My Cherisher, I have given birth to a female. . . . and male is not like a female.’ When she gave birth she entered the Masjid, prophets cooperated with her and the raffle came out in the name of Zakariya’ who took charge of her upbringing. She did not come out of the Masjid until she was an adult. When she became what women become, she moved out. Was she able to perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer) of the days of Salah (prayer) she was out of the Masjid while she must have remained in the Masjid forever?”’ (The terms of dedication may not allow her to perform the form of Salah (prayer) Qada’ (compensatory prayer) required from her).