90. Salah (Prayer) For Eclipses

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّهُ لَمَّا قُبِضَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) جَرَتْ فِيهِ ثَلاَثُ سُنَنٍ أَمَّا وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِنَّهُ لَمَّا مَاتَ انْكَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ انْكَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ لِفَقْدِ ابْنِ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَصَعِدَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْمِنْبَرَ فَحَمِدَ الله وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ الله تَجْرِيَانِ بِأَمْرِهِ مُطِيعَانِ لَهُ لاَ تَنْكَسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ وَلاَ لِحَيَاتِهِ فَإِذَا انْكَسَفَتَا أَوْ وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْهُمَا فَصَلُّوا ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ صَلاَةَ الْكُسُوفِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Afi ibn ’Abd Allah who has said the following: “I heard abu al-Hassan Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘When Ibrahim son of the Messenger of Allah passed away three traditions were established. One tradition is that on that day a sun eclipse took place and people said that it is because of the death of the son of the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah went on the pulpit, praised Allah and glorified Him, then said, “O people, the sun and the moon are two signs of the signs of Allah which move because of His command and in obedience to Him. Their eclipse is not because of the death or life of anyone. If one or both of them eclipse perform Salah (prayer) for eclipse.” He climbed down the pulpit and performed Salah (prayer) because of eclipse with the people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/438)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالاَ سَأَلْنَا أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ صَلاَةِ الْكُسُوفِ كَمْ هِيَ رَكْعَةً وَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّيهَا فَقَالَ عَشْرُ رَكَعَاتٍ وَأَرْبَعُ سَجَدَاتٍ تَفْتَتِحُ الصَّلاَةَ بِتَكْبِيرَةٍ وَتَرْكَعُ بِتَكْبِيرَةٍ وَتَرْفَعُ رَأْسَكَ بِتَكْبِيرَةٍ إِلاَّ فِي الْخَامِسَةِ الَّتِي تَسْجُدُ فِيهَا وَتَقُولُ سَمِعَ الله لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ وَتَقْنُتُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الرُّكُوعِ وَتُطِيلُ الْقُنُوتَ وَالرُّكُوعَ عَلَى قَدْرِ الْقِرَاءَةِ وَالرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ فَإِنْ فَرَغْتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَنْجَلِيَ فَاقْعُدْ وَادْعُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ حَتَّى يَنْجَلِيَ وَإِنِ انْجَلَى قَبْلَ أَنْ تَفْرُغَ مِنْ صَلاَتِكَ فَأَتِمَّ مَا بَقِيَ وَتَجْهَرُ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ الْقِرَاءَةُ فِيهَا فَقَالَ إِنْ قَرَأْتَ سُورَةً فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ فَاقْرَأْ فَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ وَإِنْ نَقَصْتَ مِنَ السُّورَةِ شَيْئاً فَاقْرَأْ مِنْ حَيْثُ نَقَصْتَ وَلاَ تَقْرَأْ فَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ قَالَ وَكَانَ يَسْتَحِبُّ أَنْ يَقْرَأَ فِيهَا بِالْكَهْفِ وَالْحِجْرِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ إِمَاماً يَشُقُّ عَلَى مَنْ خَلْفَهُ وَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَكُونَ صَلاَتُكَ بَارِزاً لاَ يَجُنُّكَ بَيْتٌ فَافْعَلْ وَصَلاَةُ كُسُوفِ الشَّمْسِ أَطْوَلُ مِنْ صَلاَةِ كُسُوفِ الْقَمَرِ وَهُمَا سَوَاءٌ فِي الْقِرَاءَةِ وَالرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ.


2. Afi has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from al-Fadf ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “We once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Salah (prayer) because of eclipse. How many Rak‘at has it and how we perform it? He (the Imam) said, ‘It has ten Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees) and four Sajadat (prostrations). Salah (prayer) commences with Takbir (Allah is great beyond description), Ruku‘ is performed with Takbir and you raise your head with Takbir, except the fifth Takbir, after which you perform Sajdah (prostration), and say Allah hears those who praise Him. Say Qunut (supplication after recitation in second Rak‘at) in every two Rak‘at before Ruku‘ and prolong Qunut and Ruku‘ equal to the time for recitation, Ruku‘ and Sajdah (prostration). If you finish before it (sun or moon) is cleared, sit down and pray before Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, until it is cleared. If it clears before you finish Salah (prayer), complete the remaining. Make the recitation loud.’ I then asked, ‘How is recitation in this Salah (prayer)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If you recite Surah (a chapter) in every Rak‘at, recite al-Fatihah al-Kitab, but if you reduce from Surah (chapter) something, then recite from where you left and do not recite al-Fatihah al-Kitab.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is desirable to recite al-Kahf (Chapter 18) and al-Hijr (Chapter 15), unless one is the Imam and is afraid of causing difficulties for people behind him. Your Salah (prayer) should be in the open, without being covered by a house, if you can do so. Salah (prayer) because of sun eclipse should be given more time than that because of moon eclipse, but Salah (prayer) because of both is equal in Ruku‘ and Sajdah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/439)



3ـ حَمَّادٌ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالاَ قُلْنَا لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) هَذِهِ الرِّيَاحُ وَالظُّلَمُ الَّتِي تَكُونُ هَلْ يُصَلَّى لَهَا فَقَالَ كُلُّ أَخَاوِيفِ السَّمَاءِ مِنْ ظُلْمَةٍ أَوْ رِيحٍ أَوْ فَزَعٍ فَصَلِّ لَهُ صَلاَةَ الْكُسُوفِ حَتَّى يَسْكُنَ.


3. Hammad has narrated from Hariz from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “We once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the wind and darkness that at certain times come, is there any Salah (prayer) because of it? He (the Imam) said, ‘When anything frightening from the sky in the form of darkness, wind or noise takes place, perform Salah (prayer) like that of eclipse until it clears out.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/440)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ وَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْكُسُوفِ فِي السَّاعَةِ الَّتِي تَنْكَسِفُ عِنْدَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَعِنْدَ غُرُوبِهَا قَالَ وَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) هِيَ فَرِيضَةٌ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the time of Salah (prayer) because of eclipse at sunrise and sunset if it can be performed at such time. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘It is obligatory.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/441)



5ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صَلاَةِ الْكُسُوفِ فِي وَقْتِ الْفَرِيضَةِ فَقَالَ ابْدَأْ بِالْفَرِيضَةِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ فِي وَقْتِ صَلاَةِ اللَّيْلِ فَقَالَ صَلِّ صَلاَةَ الْكُسُوفِ قَبْلَ صَلاَةِ اللَّيْلِ.


5. It is a narration from him (narrator of previous Hadith) by Muhammad ibn af-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from af-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about performing Salah (prayer) because of eclipse at the time of obligatory Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘Begin with obligatory Salah (prayer).’ He (the Imam) was asked, ‘Can it be performed in the time of nightly optional Salah (prayer)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Perform Salah (prayer) because of eclipse before nightly optional Salah (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/441)



6ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا انْكَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ كُلُّهَا وَاحْتَرَقَتْ وَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ ثُمَّ عَلِمْتَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَيْكَ الْقَضَاءُ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَحْتَرِقْ كُلُّهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ قَضَاءٌ. وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى إِذَا عَلِمَ بِالْكُسُوفِ وَنَسِيَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَعَلَيْهِ الْقَضَاءُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِهِ فَلاَ قَضَاءَ عَلَيْهِ هَذَا إِذَا لَمْ يَحْتَرِقْ كُلُّهُ.


6. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a total sun eclipse takes place but you do not notice it and come to know about it later, you must perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer for) such Salah (prayer), but if it is not a total eclipse, you are not required to perform anything.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/442)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ الْوَاسِطِيِّ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ إِذَا انْكَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ أَوِ الْقَمَرُ وَأَنَا رَاكِبٌ لاَ أَقْدِرُ عَلَى النُّزُولِ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مَرْكَبِكَ الَّذِي أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Imran ibn Musa from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Majid from Ali ibn al-Fadl al-Wasitiy who has said the following: “I once wrote to him (the Imam), Alayhi al-Salam, asking, ‘If a sun or moon eclipse takes place and I am riding and unable to dismount what must I do?’ He (the Imam) wrote to me, ‘Perform Salah (prayer) on your stumper which you ride.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/442)