78. Salah (Prayer) for Persons Crucified, Stoned or Dead for Capital Punishment

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ كِرْدِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ الْمَرْجُومُ وَالْمَرْجُومَةُ يُغَسَّلاَنِ وَيُحَنَّطَانِ وَيُلْبَسَانِ الْكَفَنَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ يُرْجَمَانِ وَيُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِمَا وَالْمُقْتَصُّ مِنْهُ بِمَنْزِلَةِ ذَلِكَ يُغَسَّلُ وَيُحَنَّطُ وَيُلْبَسُ الْكَفَنَ وَيُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al- Rahman from Misma’ Kirdin who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Ghusl (bath), hunut, and shroud are done for people stoned to death, male or female, prior to executing stoning, then Salah (prayer) is performed. Ghusl (bath), hunut, shrouding and Salah (prayer) for one executed because of retaliation are also done before the execution.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/162)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْمَصْلُوبِ فَقَالَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ جَدِّي (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) صَلَّى عَلَى عَمِّهِ قُلْتُ أَعْلَمُ ذَاكَ وَلَكِنِّي لاَ أَفْهَمُهُ مُبَيَّناً قَالَ أُبَيِّنُهُ لَكَ إِنْ كَانَ وَجْهُ الْمَصْلُوبِ إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ فَقُمْ عَلَى مَنْكِبِهِ الأيْمَنِ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَفَاهُ إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ فَقُمْ عَلَى مَنْكِبِهِ الأيْسَرِ فَإِنَّ بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ قِبْلَةً وَإِنْ كَانَ مَنْكِبُهُ الأيْسَرُ إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ فَقُمْ عَلَى مَنْكِبِهِ الأيْمَنِ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَنْكِبُهُ الأيْمَنُ إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ فَقُمْ عَلَى مَنْكِبِهِ الأيْسَرِ وَكَيْفَ كَانَ مُنْحَرِفاً فَلاَ تُزَايِلْ مَنَاكِبَهُ وَلْيَكُنْ وَجْهُكَ إِلَى مَا بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلاَ تَسْتَقْبِلْهُ وَلاَ تَسْتَدْبِرْهُ الْبَتَّةَ قَالَ أَبُو هَاشِمٍ وَقَدْ فَهِمْتُ إِنْ شَاءَ الله فَهِمْتُهُ وَالله.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from abu Hashim al-Ja‘fariy who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about one who is crucified. He (the Imam) said, ‘Do you not know that my grandfather performed Salah (prayer) for his uncle?’ I said, ‘I know it but I do not understand it clearly.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I explain it for you. If the face of the person crucified is toward al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah), stand near his right shoulder. If his back is toward al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah), then stand near his left shoulder but if it is between the east and west and his left shoulder toward al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah), then stand near his right shoulder. If his right shoulder is toward al- Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah), then stand near his left shoulder. To whichever direction he is, do not keep away from his shoulders and keep your face toward east or west, and do not stand face to face with him. You must not turn your back to him.’ Abu Hashim has said that I then said, ‘I certainly understood, by the will of Allah, I understood it by Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/162)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنِ الْيَعْقُوبِيِّ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُيَسِّرٍ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لاَ تُقِرُّوا الْمَصْلُوبَ بَعْدَ ثَلاَثَةٍ حَتَّى يُنْزَلَ وَيُدْفَنَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘ Abbas ibn Ma’ruf from Ya‘qubiy from Musa ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Muyassir from Harun ibn al-Jahm from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘You must not keep a crucified person on (the woods) for more than three days, after which the deceased must be brought down and buried.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/165)