14. Taking out of the Souls of Believing and Unbelievers

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِدْرِيسَ الْقُمِّيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَأْمُرُ مَلَكَ الْمَوْتِ فَيَرُدُّ نَفْسَ الْمُؤْمِنِ لِيُهَوِّنَ عَلَيْهِ وَيُخْرِجَهَا مِنْ أَحْسَنِ وَجْهِهَا فَيَقُولُ النَّاسُ لَقَدْ شَدَّدَ عَلَى فُلاَنٍ الْمَوْتُ وَذَلِكَ تَهْوِينٌ مِنَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَ يُصْرَفُ عَنْهُ إِذَا كَانَ مِمَّنْ سَخِطَ الله عَلَيْهِ أَوْ مِمَّنْ أَبْغَضَ الله أَمْرَهُ أَنْ يَجْذِبَ الْجَذْبَةَ الَّتِي بَلَغَتْكُمْ بِمِثْلِ السَّفُّودِ مِنَ الصُّوفِ الْمَبْلُولِ فَيَقُولُ النَّاسُ لَقَدْ هَوَّنَ الله عَلَى فُلاَنٍ الْمَوْتَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Idris af-Qummiy who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, commands the angel of death to return the soul of a believing person, make it easy for him, and then take it out in the most comfortable way. People then say, “It (dying) was very difficult for so and so.” In fact it is the way Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, provides him comfort.’ He then said, ‘It (comfort) is denied him if he is of those with whom Allah is angry, or Allah dislikes him. He commands him (the angel) to pull out his soul just as frying-bar is pulled out of wool soaked in water and people say, “Allah has made dying very easy for him.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/298)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ وَاقِدٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ دَخَلَ رَسُولُ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ وَهُوَ يَجُودُ بِنَفْسِهِ فَقَالَ يَا مَلَكَ الْمَوْتِ ارْفُقْ بِصَاحِبِي فَإِنَّهُ مُؤْمِنٌ فَقَالَ أَبْشِرْ يَا مُحَمَّدُ فَإِنِّي بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ رَفِيقٌ وَاعْلَمْ يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَنِّي أَقْبِضُ رُوحَ ابْنِ آدَمَ فَيَجْزَعُ أَهْلُهُ فَأَقُومُ فِي نَاحِيَةٍ مِنْ دَارِهِمْ فَأَقُولُ مَا هَذَا الْجَزَعُ فَوَ الله مَا تَعَجَّلْنَاهُ قَبْلَ أَجَلِهِ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَا فِي قَبْضِهِ مِنْ ذَنْبٍ فَإِنْ تَحْتَسِبُوا وَتَصْبِرُوا تُؤْجَرُوا وَإِنْ تَجْزَعُوا تَأْثَمُوا وَتُوزَرُوا وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ لَنَا فِيكُمْ عَوْدَةً ثُمَّ عَوْدَةً فَالْحَذَرَ الْحَذَرَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي شَرْقِهَا وَلاَ فِي غَرْبِهَا أَهْلُ بَيْتِ مَدَرٍ وَلاَ وَبَرٍ إِلاَّ وَأَنَا أَتَصَفَّحُهُمْ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسَ مَرَّاتٍ وَلأَنَا أَعْلَمُ بِصَغِيرِهِمْ وَكَبِيرِهِمْ مِنْهُمْ بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ أَرَدْتُ قَبْضَ رُوحِ بَعُوضَةٍ مَا قَدَرْتُ عَلَيْهَا حَتَّى يَأْمُرَنِي رَبِّي بِهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّمَا يَتَصَفَّحُهُمْ فِي مَوَاقِيتِ الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنْ كَانَ مِمَّنْ يُوَاظِبُ عَلَيْهَا عِنْدَ مَوَاقِيتِهَا لَقَّنَهُ شَهَادَةَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَنَحَّى عَنْهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ إِبْلِيسَ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the above Hadith) from Yunus from al-Haytham ibn Waqid from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah once visited a man of his companions in dying condition. He then said, ‘O angel of death, make it easy for my companion; he is a believing person.’ He then said, ‘O Muhammad, I am a friend of every believing person. O Muhammad, please note that when I take away the soul of the sons of Adam, his family then cries and mourns. I stand on the side of their room and say, “What is this crying and mourning! By Allah, we have not done it before the due time and we have not done anything wrong. If you consider and bear patience, you will be rewarded but if you cry and howl, you sin and transgress. You should know that we come to you repeatedly; you should be on your guard and beware! There is no household in the East, West, urban, or countryside whose faces I do not study five times every day. I know their grownups and the young ones better than they themselves do. Even if I decide to take away the soul of a bug, I cannot do so without permission from its Lord.’” The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘He studies their faces at the times of Salah (prayer). If they observe proper times of performing their prayers, he dictates them the testimony of belief: “No one deserves to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” and the angel of death drives Satan away from him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/299)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ حَضَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) رَجُلاً مِنَ الأنْصَارِ وَكَانَتْ لَهُ حَالَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَحَضَرَهُ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهِ فَنَظَرَ إِلَى مَلَكِ الْمَوْتِ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ارْفُقْ بِصَاحِبِي فَإِنَّهُ مُؤْمِنٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ يَا مُحَمَّدُ طِبْ نَفْساً وَقَرَّ عَيْناً فَإِنِّي بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ رَفِيقٌ شَفِيقٌ وَاعْلَمْ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنِّي لأَحْضُرُ ابْنَ آدَمَ عِنْدَ قَبْضِ رُوحِهِ فَإِذَا قَبَضْتُهُ صَرَخَ صَارِخٌ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَنَحَّى فِي جَانِبِ الدَّارِ وَمَعِي رُوحُهُ فَأَقُولُ لَهُمْ وَالله مَا ظَلَمْنَاهُ وَلاَ سَبَقْنَا بِهِ أَجَلَهُ وَلاَ اسْتَعْجَلْنَا بِهِ قَدَرَهُ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَا فِي قَبْضِ رُوحِهِ مِنْ ذَنْبٍ فَإِنْ تَرْضَوْا بِمَا صَنَعَ الله بِهِ وَتَصْبِرُوا تُؤْجَرُوا وَتُحْمَدُوا وَإِنْ تَجْزَعُوا وَتَسْخَطُوا تَأْثَمُوا وَتُوزَرُوا وَمَا لَكُمْ عِنْدَنَا مِنْ عُتْبَى وَإِنَّ لَنَا عِنْدَكُمْ أَيْضاً لَبَقِيَّةً وَعَوْدَةً فَالْحَذَرَ الْحَذَرَ فَمَا مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ مَدَرٍ وَلاَ شَعْرٍ فِي بَرٍّ وَلاَ بَحْرٍ إِلاَّ وَأَنَا أَتَصَفَّحُهُمْ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسَ مَرَّاتٍ عِنْدَ مَوَاقِيتِ الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى لأَنَا أَعْلَمُ مِنْهُمْ بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ أَنِّي يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَرَدْتُ قَبْضَ نَفْسِ بَعُوضَةٍ مَا قَدَرْتُ عَلَى قَبْضِهَا حَتَّى يَكُونَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ هُوَ الآمِرَ بِقَبْضِهَا وَإِنِّي لَمُلَقِّنُ الْمُؤْمِنِ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهِ شَهَادَةَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah once visited a man from Ansar (people of Madinah) and he was of a good status before the Messenger of Allah. He visited him in his dying condition and looked at the angel of death near his head. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Be kind to my companion; he is a believing person.’ The angel of death then said, ‘O Muhammad, be pleased and delighted; I am a very kind friend of every believer. O Muhammad, please consider that I visit the sons of Adam in their dying conditions and when I take their souls away, their families cry at that time. I then move away to the side of the room, with his spirit with me, and say to them, “By Allah, we have not done any injustice to him or come before the due time or rushed his measures. It is not our fault. If you agree with what Allah has done to him and bear patience, you will be rewarded and admired. If you howl and become angry, you sin and transgress; and you will not have any credit with us. Our work about you is not yet finished. So be on your guard, and beware! There is no household in urban or countryside, on land or water whose faces I do not study five times every day at the time of Salah (prayer), so much so that I know them better than they themselves do. If I, O Muhammad, decide to take away the soul of a bug, I cannot do so without the command of Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, to do so. I dictate to a believer the testimony of belief at the time of his death: “No one deserves to be worshipped except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/299)