80. Suffering Due to the Death of a Son

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ السَّرَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ وَلَدٌ يُقَدِّمُهُ الرَّجُلُ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ سَبْعِينَ وَلَداً يُخَلِّفُهُمْ بَعْدَهُ كُلُّهُمْ قَدْ رَكِبُوا الْخَيْلَ وَجَاهَدُوا فِي سَبِيلِ الله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Isma’il from ibn Bazi‘ from abu Isma’il al- Sarraj who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a son whom one sends (to the next life) is better than seventy sons who survive after one’s death, who have mounted their horses and are ready to march for the cause of Allah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/169)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ دَخَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَلَى خَدِيجَةَ حِينَ مَاتَ الْقَاسِمُ ابْنُهَا وَهِيَ تَبْكِي فَقَالَ لَهَا مَا يُبْكِيكِ فَقَالَتْ دَرَّتْ دُرَيْرَةٌ فَبَكَيْتُ فَقَالَ يَا خَدِيجَةُ أَ مَا تَرْضَيْنَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ أَنْ تَجِي‏ءَ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ فَيَأْخُذَ بِيَدِكِ فَيُدْخِلَكِ الْجَنَّةَ وَيُنْزِلَكِ أَفْضَلَهَا وَذَلِكِ لِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَحْكَمُ وَأَكْرَمُ أَنْ يَسْلُبَ الْمُؤْمِنَ ثَمَرَةَ فُؤَادِهِ ثُمَّ يُعَذِّبَهُ بَعْدَهَا أَبَداً.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al-Nadhr from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah went to see Khadijah when al- Qasim, her son, had just passed away and she was weeping. He then asked her, “Why do you weep?” She said, “My milk flows out thus I weep.” He then said, “O Khadijah, will you not be happy when on the Day of Judgment you proceed to the door of paradise and he will come to you, hold your hand and lead you to the best of the dwellings therein and such (reward) is for every believing person? Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, is best honorable judge. He would never take away the fruit of the hearts of believing people, and make him suffer thereafter in any way or form.””’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/169)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ كَتَبَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَشْكُو إِلَيْهِ مُصَابَهُ بِوَلَدِهِ وَشِدَّةَ مَا دَخَلَهُ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَخْتَارُ مِنْ مَالِ الْمُؤْمِنِ وَمِنْ وُلْدِهِ أَنْفَسَهُ لِيَأْجُرَهُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and a number of our people from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from ibn Mehran who has said the following: “A man once wrote to abu Ja‘far, the second, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, complaining due to his suffering from the death of his sons and the intensity of his grief. The Imam wrote to him, ‘Do you know that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, chooses from the property and sons of the believing people the most valuable items so He will reward him in the same way (with most valuable reward)?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/170)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا قُبِضَ وَلَدُ الْمُؤْمِنِ وَالله أَعْلَمُ بِمَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ قَالَ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى لِمَلاَئِكَتِهِ قَبَضْتُمْ وَلَدَ فُلاَنٍ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ رَبَّنَا قَالَ فَيَقُولُ فَمَا قَالَ عَبْدِي قَالُوا حَمِدَكَ وَاسْتَرْجَعَ فَيَقُولُ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى أَخَذْتُمْ ثَمَرَةَ قَلْبِهِ وَقُرَّةَ عَيْنِهِ فَحَمِدَنِي وَاسْتَرْجَعَ ابْنُوا لَهُ بَيْتاً فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَمُّوهُ بَيْتَ الْحَمْدِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father, from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘When a son of a believing person dies - Allah knows what the servant (of Allah) may say - Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, says to His angels, “Have you taken the soul of the son of My servant out of his body?” They reply, “Yes, O Lord, we have done so.” He then asks, “What did My servant say?” They say, “He praised You and said, ‘We are for Allah and to Him we return.’” Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, then says, “So you took away the fruit of his heart and the delight of his eyes but he praised Me and spoke of his return to Me. (For his reward) build a house for him in paradise and call it the house of al-Hamd (praising Allah).””’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/171)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِذَا أَحَبَّ عَبْداً قَبَضَ أَحَبَّ وُلْدِهِ إِلَيْهِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Isma’il ibn Mehran from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah who has said that abu ‘Abd al-Rahman from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘When Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, loves a servant, He takes away the soul of his most beloved son to Himself.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/172)



6ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ قَدَّمَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَلَدَيْنِ يَحْتَسِبُهُمَا عِنْدَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ حَجَبَاهُ مِنَ النَّارِ بِإِذْنِ الله تَعَالَى.


6. It is narrated from him (narrator of above Hadith) Isma’il ibn Mehran from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that if two sons of any Muslim die and he considers it a decision of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, as such and obediently agrees, they (his sons) will protect him against fire by the permission of Allah, most High.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/172)



7ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ طَاهِرُ ابْنُ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) نَهَى رَسُولُ الله خَدِيجَةَ عَنِ الْبُكَاءِ فَقَالَتْ بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ الله وَلَكِنْ دَرَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الدُّرَيْرَةُ فَبَكَيْتُ فَقَالَ أَ مَا تَرْضَيْنَ أَنْ تَجِدِيهِ قَائِماً عَلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَا رَآكِ أَخَذَ بِيَدِكِ فَأَدْخَلَكِ الْجَنَّةَ أَطْهَرَهَا مَكَاناً وَأَطْيَبَهَا قَالَتْ وَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ كَذَلِكَ قَالَ الله أَعَزُّ وَأَكْرَمُ مِنْ أَنْ يَسْلُبَ عَبْداً ثَمَرَةَ فُؤَادِهِ فَيَصْبِرَ وَيَحْتَسِبَ وَيَحْمَدَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ يُعَذِّبَهُ.


7. It is narrated from him (narrator of above Hadith) from Isma’il ibn Mehran from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When Tahir son of the Messenger of Allah passed away, the Messenger of Allah forbade Khadijah from weeping. She said, ‘Yes, O Messenger of Allah, I agree, but I noticed that my milk flowed out; thus I wept.’ He then said, ‘Would you not agree if you find him standing near the door of paradise and on seeing you, hold your hand and lead you into paradise to the most clean and fine ones therein?’ She then said, ‘Is that how it is?’ He said, ‘Allah is Most Majestic and Honorable. He does not take away the fruits of the heart of (His own) servant who exercises patience, praises Him and agrees with His decision. Allah due to His Glory and Honor does not cause him any suffering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/172)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ ثَوَابُ الْمُؤْمِنِ مِنْ وَلَدِهِ إِذَا مَاتَ الْجَنَّةُ صَبَرَ أَوْ لَمْ يَصْبِرْ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the reward for a believing person for the death of his sons is paradise, whether he exercise patience or not.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/173)



9ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله أَوْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَيَعْجَبُ مِنَ الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ وَلَدُهُ وَهُوَ يَحْمَدُ الله فَيَقُولُ يَا مَلاَئِكَتِي عَبْدِي أَخَذْتُ نَفْسَهُ وَهُوَ يَحْمَدُنِي.


9. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Hajjaj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah or abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, likes a servant whose son dies but he praises Allah. Allah says, “My angels, look to My servant. I took away his soul but he praises and thanks Me.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/173)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ قَدَّمَ أَوْلاَداً يَحْتَسِبُهُمْ عِنْدَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ حَجَبُوهُ مِنَ النَّارِ بِإِذْنِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salmah ibn al-Khattab from Ali Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from his father from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever considers the death of his sons as his savings with Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, they will protect him against fire by the permission of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/174)