55. One Who Has Performed Salah (Prayer) but Wants to Join a Congregation or Has Led a People and Wants to Perform Again

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي الصَّلاَةَ وَحْدَهُ ثُمَّ يَجِدُ جَمَاعَةً قَالَ يُصَلِّي مَعَهُمْ وَيَجْعَلُهَا الْفَرِيضَةَ.


1. Muhammad ibn ’Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Salah (prayer) alone then finds a congregation. He (the Imam) said, ’He can perform Salah (prayer) with them and make it to be an obligatory one.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/268)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أُصَلِّي ثُمَّ أَدْخُلُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَتُقَامُ الصَّلاَةُ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتُ فَقَالَ صَلِّ مَعَهُمْ يَخْتَارُ الله أَحَبَّهُمَا إِلَيْهِ.


2. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from abu Basir from who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I enter Masjid and Salah (prayer) begins while I have already performed Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘You can perform Salah (prayer) with them; Allah chooses the lovelier one of the two.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/269)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ وَافْتَتَحَ الصَّلاَةَ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ قَائِمٌ يُصَلِّي إِذَا أَذَّنَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ فَلْيُصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ لْيَسْتَأْنِفِ الصَّلاَةَ مَعَ الإِمَامِ وَلْتَكُنِ الرَّكْعَتَانِ تَطَوُّعاً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who enters Masjid and begins Salah (prayer). While he is standing up in Salah (prayer) Adhan is said and Salah (prayer) begins. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can perform it as a two Rak‘at, then commence Salah (prayer) with the Imam and the two Rak‘at has to be optional Salah (prayer)”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/269)



4ـ جَمَاعَةٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ تَحْضُرُ صَلاَةُ الظُّهْرِ فَلاَ نَقْدِرُ أَنْ نَنْزِلَ فِي الْوَقْتِ حَتَّى يَنْزِلُوا وَنَنْزِلَ مَعَهُمْ فَنُصَلِّيَ ثُمَّ يَقُومُونَ فَيُسْرِعُونَ فَنَقُومُ فَنُصَلِّي الْعَصْرَ وَنُرِيهِمْ كَأَنَّا نَرْكَعُ ثُمَّ يَنْزِلُونَ لِلْعَصْرِ فَيُقَدِّمُونَّا فَنُصَلِّي بِهِمْ فَقَالَ صَلِّ بِهِمْ لاَ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِمْ.


4. A group has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Ya’qub ibn Yaqtin who has said the following: “I once said to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, it is time for al-Dhuhr and we are not able to come down for Salah (prayer) in time until they come down. We come down with them and perform Salah (prayer). They quickly leave and we stand up to perform al-‘Asr and show them as if we perform Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees). They then come down for al-‘Asr and lead us. Can we perform Salah (prayer) with them? He (the Imam) said, ‘Perform Salah (prayer) with them. May Allah never grant them any Salah (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/269)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنِّي أَحْضُرُ الْمَسَاجِدَ مَعَ جِيرَتِي وَغَيْرِهِمْ فَيَأْمُرُونِّي بِالصَّلاَةِ بِهِمْ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتُ قَبْلَ أَنْ آتِيَهُمْ وَرُبَّمَا صَلَّى خَلْفِي مَنْ يَقْتَدِي بِصَلاَتِي وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفُ وَالْجَاهِلُ وَأَكْرَهُ أَنْ أَتَقَدَّمَ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتُ بِحَالِ مَنْ يُصَلِّي بِصَلاَتِي مِمَّنْ سَمَّيْتُ لَكَ فَمُرْنِي فِي ذَلِكَ بِأَمْرِكَ أَنْتَهِي إِلَيْهِ وَأَعْمَلُ بِهِ إِنْ شَاءَ الله فَكَتَبَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) صَلِّ بِهِمْ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma’il who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I go to Masjid with my neighbors and others and they ask me to lead Salah (prayer) with them, when I have already performed Salah (prayer) before coming to them. Perhaps certain ones have followed me in Salah (prayer) that I have already performed and they are people of weak understanding and the ignorant ones. I dislike leading. I have performed in such condition that I have mentioned. Command me so I obey and follow your command by the will of Allah. He (the Imam) wrote to me, ‘You must lead them in Salah (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/270)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ صَلَّى مَعَهُمْ فِي الصَّفِّ الأوَّلِ كَانَ كَمَنْ صَلَّى خَلْفَ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever performs Salah (prayer) with them in the first row it is as if he has performed Salah (prayer) with the Messenger of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/271)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ كَانَ يُصَلِّي فَخَرَجَ الإِمَامُ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الرَّجُلُ رَكْعَةً مِنْ صَلاَةٍ فَرِيضَةٍ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ إِمَاماً عَدْلاً فَلْيُصَلِّ أُخْرَى وَيَنْصَرِفُ وَيَجْعَلُهُمَا تَطَوُّعاً وَلْيَدْخُلْ مَعَ الإِمَامِ فِي صَلاَتِهِ كَمَا هُوَ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ إِمَامٌ عَدْلٌ فَلْيَبْنِ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِ كَمَا هُوَ وَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَةً أُخْرَى مَعَهُ يَجْلِسُ قَدْرَ مَا يَقُولُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ثُمَّ لْيُتِمَّ صَلاَتَهُ مَعَهُ عَلَى مَا اسْتَطَاعَ فَإِنَّ التَّقِيَّةَ وَاسِعَةٌ وَلَيْسَ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ التَّقِيَّةِ إِلاَّ وَصَاحِبُهَا مَأْجُورٌ عَلَيْهَا إِنْ شَاءَ الله.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Salah (prayer) and has completed only one Rak‘at of an obligatory Salah (prayer) that the Imam arrives. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he is an Imam who possesses the quality of justice, he performs one more Rak‘at, completes and makes it an optional Salah (prayer). He joins the Imam in his Salah (prayer) as is. If he (the Imam) does not have the quality of justice, he (the man) continues with his Salah (prayer) as is. He performs one more Rak‘at with him (the Imam) and sits down for a time within which one can say: I testify that only Allah deserves worship, He is one and has no partners and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. He then completes his Salah (prayer) with him as possibly he can; Taqiyah (fear) provides great chances and there is nothing performed in Taqiyah for which one is not rewarded by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/271)



8ـ جَمَاعَةٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ وَاقِدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الأرَّجَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ صَلَّى فِي مَنْزِلِهِ ثُمَّ أَتَى مَسْجِداً مِنْ مَسَاجِدِهِمْ فَصَلَّى مَعَهُمْ خَرَجَ بِحَسَنَاتِهِمْ.


8. A group has narrated from has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from form al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Haytham ibn Waqid from al-Husayn ibn ’Abd Allah al-Arjaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one performs Salah (prayer) in his house then comes to one of their Masjid and performs Salah (prayer) with them, he leaves with all of their good deeds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/271)