6. The Times of Maghrib and ‘Isha’ Salah (Prayer)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَشْيَمَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ إِذَا ذَهَبَتِ الْحُمْرَةُ مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَتَدْرِي كَيْفَ ذَاكَ قُلْتُ لاَ قَالَ لأَنَّ الْمَشْرِقَ مُطِلٌّ عَلَى الْمَغْرِبِ هَكَذَا وَرَفَعَ يَمِينَهُ فَوْقَ يَسَارِهِ فَإِذَا غَابَتْ هَاهُنَا ذَهَبَتِ الْحُمْرَةُ مِنْ هَاهُنَا.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Ushaym from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘It is time for al-Maghrib Salah (prayer) when the redness disappears in the east. Do you know how it happens? 5 I replied, ‘No, I do not know. 5 He (the Imam) said that it is because the east is under-hanged in relation to the west like this. 5 He (the Imam) raised his right hand over his left hand. ‘When it is sunset here, the redness disappears there.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/37)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَالْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا غَابَتِ الْحُمْرَةُ مِنْ هَذَا الْجَانِبِ يَعْنِي مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ فَقَدْ غَابَتِ الشَّمْسُ مِنْ شَرْقِ الأرْضِ وَغَرْبِهَا.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid and al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn al-‘Urwah from Burayd ibn Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘When the redness disappears from this side, that is, from the east, it is proof that it is sunset in the east and west.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/38)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلاَّدٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ الله خَلَقَ حِجَاباً مِنْ ظُلْمَةٍ مِمَّا يَلِي الْمَشْرِقَ وَوَكَّلَ بِهِ مَلَكاً فَإِذَا غَابَتِ الشَّمْسُ اغْتَرَفَ ذَلِكَ الْمَلَكُ غُرْفَةً بِيَدِهِ ثُمَّ اسْتَقْبَلَ بِهَا الْمَغْرِبَ يَتْبَعُ الشَّفَقَ وَيُخْرِجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ قَلِيلاً قَلِيلاً وَيَمْضِي فَيُوَافِي الْمَغْرِبَ عِنْدَ سُقُوطِ الشَّفَقِ فَيُسَرِّحُ [فِي الظُّلْمَةِ] الظُّلْمَةَ ثُمَّ يَعُودُ إِلَى الْمَشْرِقِ فَإِذَا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ نَشَرَ جَنَاحَيْهِ فَاسْتَاقَ الظُّلْمَةَ مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ إِلَى الْمَغْرِبِ حَتَّى يُوَافِيَ بِهَا الْمَغْرِبَ عِنْدَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ.


3. Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad Who has said the following: "Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah has created a barrier of darkness from near the east and has appointed for it an angel. When it is sunset, that angel fills up his hand with it, then faces toward the west, following the brightness and it moves out of his two hands little by little. He passes by until he comes to the west at the time of the disappearance of brightness; then he leaves darkness into darkness, then he returns to the east and, when it is dawn, he spreads his wings and drives the darkness from the east toward the west until he comes in the west at sunrise.’"


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/38)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ وَقْتُ سُقُوطِ الْقُرْصِ وَوُجُوبِ الإِفْطَارِ أَنْ تَقُومَ بِحِذَاءِ الْقِبْلَةِ وَتَتَفَقَّدَ الْحُمْرَةَ الَّتِي تَرْتَفِعُ مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ فَإِذَا جَازَتْ قِمَّةَ الرَّأْسِ إِلَى نَاحِيَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ فَقَدْ وَجَبَ الإِفْطَارُ وَسَقَطَ الْقُرْصُ.


4. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Isa from ibn abu ’Umayr from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: "Abu ’Abd Allah has said, ‘The disappearance of the disk (the sun), the necessary time to discontinue fasting is when facing its direction and the disappearance of the redness that rise from the east upon its reaching overhead toward the west at such time fasting is discontinued; the (disappearance of the disk (sunset) has taken place.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/39)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ إِذَا غَابَ الْقُرْصُ فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتَ فَأَعِدِ الصَّلاَةَ وَمَضَى صَوْمُكَ وَتَكُفُّ عَنِ الطَّعَامِ إِنْ كُنْتَ أَصَبْتَ مِنْهُ شَيْئاً.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn Isa from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: "Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’It is time of al-Maghrib when the disc disappears, (sunset takes place). If you see the disc latter when you have already performed Salah (prayer), you must perform Salah (prayer) again, continue fasting, avoid eating if you have taken anything of food.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/39)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ خَلِيفَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ حَنْظَلَةَ أَتَانَا عَنْكَ بِوَقْتٍ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذاً لاَ يَكْذِبُ عَلَيْنَا قُلْتُ قَالَ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ إِذَا غَابَ الْقُرْصُ إِلاَّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ إِذَا جَدَّ بِهِ السَّيْرُ أَخَّرَ الْمَغْرِبَ وَيَجْمَعُ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ الْعِشَاءِ فَقَالَ صَدَقَ وَقَالَ وَقْتُ الْعِشَاءِ حِينَ يَغِيبُ الشَّفَقُ إِلَى ثُلُثِ اللَّيْلِ وَوَقْتُ الْفَجْرِ حِينَ يَبْدُو حَتَّى يُضِي‏ءَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isa from Yunus from Yazid ibn Khalifah who has the following “I once said to abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that ’Umar ibn Hanzalah has reported something from you about the timing. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Rest assured, he does not forge untrue reports from us.’ I said that he has said, ’It is the time of sunset when the disk disappears (sunset takes place) except that the Messenger of Allah when tired on a journey delayed al-Maghrib and performed both of them together with al-‘Isha’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He has spoken the truth.’ He (the Imam) said that the time of al-‘Isha’ is from when brightness disappears, up to one-third of the night and the time for dawn Salah (prayer) is from when it is clear up till the rays come out.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/39)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ إِذَا غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَغَابَ قُرْصُهَا.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘It is time for al-Maghrib Salah (prayer) when it is sunset and its (sun’s) disc disappears.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/40)



8ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ وَقْتِ الْمَغْرِبِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَتَى النَّبِيَّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ بِوَقْتَيْنِ غَيْرَ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ فَإِنَّ وَقْتَهَا وَاحِدٌ وَوَقْتَهَا وُجُوبُهَا.


8. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zayd al-Shahham who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the time of al-Maghrib. He (the Imam) said that Jibril brought to the Holy prophet, two timings for every Salah (prayer) except al-Maghrib Salah (prayer). The time for al-Maghrib is when it becomes obligatory.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/40)



9ـ وَرَوَاهُ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَالْفُضَيْلِ قَالاَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ وَقْتَيْنِ غَيْرَ الْمَغْرِبِ فَإِنَّ وَقْتَهَا وَاحِدٌ وَوَقْتَهَا وُجُوبُهَا وَوَقْتَ فَوْتِهَا سُقُوطُ الشَّفَقِ. وَرُوِيَ أَيْضاً أَنَّ لَهَا وَقْتَيْنِ آخِرُ وَقْتِهَا سُقُوطُ الشَّفَقِ. وَلَيْسَ هَذَا مِمَّا يُخَالِفُ الْحَدِيثَ الأوَّلَ إِنَّ لَهَا وَقْتاً وَاحِداً لأَنَّ الشَّفَقَ هُوَ الْحُمْرَةُ وَلَيْسَ بَيْنَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ وَبَيْنَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّفَقِ إِلاَّ شَيْ‏ءٌ يَسِيرٌ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ عَلاَمَةَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ بُلُوغُ الْحُمْرَةِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلَيْسَ بَيْنَ بُلُوغِ الْحُمْرَةِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَبَيْنَ غَيْبُوبَتِهَا إِلاَّ قَدْرُ مَا يُصَلِّي الإِنْسَانُ صَلاَةَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَنَوَافِلَهَا إِذَا صَلاَّهَا عَلَى تُؤَدَةٍ وَسُكُونٍ وَقَدْ تَفَقَّدْتُ ذَلِكَ غَيْرَ مَرَّةٍ وَلِذَلِكَ صَارَ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ ضَيِّقاً.


9. He has narrated it from Zurarah and al-Fudayl who have said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For every Salah (prayer) there are two timings except al- Maghrib; its timing is one and it is the time when it becomes obligatory. It ends with the disappearance of al-Shafaq (redness in the west).”’ “It is also narrated that there are two timings for al-Maghrib and it ends with the disappearance of al- Shafaq (redness). It does not disagree with the previous Hadith that says it has one time; because al- Shafaq is the redness. The time between sunset and disappearance of al-Shafaq is not very long. The sign of sunset is when redness reaches past one’s overhead when facing the direction of sunset, and it is a short time. The time between the reaching of the redness in the western horizon and its disappearance is not more than a time that takes one to complete al-Maghrib Salah (prayer) and its Nawafil (optional) Salah (prayer), if they are performed comfortably. I have examined it many times and for this reason the timing for al-Maghrib is narrow.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/40)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ قَالَ سَأَلَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَسْبَاطٍ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَنَحْنُ نَسْمَعُ الشَّفَقُ الْحُمْرَةُ أَوِ الْبَيَاضُ فَقَالَ الْحُمْرَةُ لَوْ كَانَ الْبَيَاضُ كَانَ إِلَى ثُلُثِ اللَّيْلِ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal who has said the following: “Ali ibn Asbat once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when we were listening, about the brightness if it is redness or whiteness. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the redness; in the case of the condition of whiteness, it (virtuous time for al-Maghrib) remains up to one third of the night.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/41)



11ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مَتَى تَجِبُ الْعَتَمَةُ قَالَ إِذَا غَابَ الشَّفَقُ وَالشَّفَقُ الْحُمْرَةُ فَقَالَ عُبَيْدُ الله أَصْلَحَكَ الله إِنَّهُ يَبْقَى بَعْدَ ذَهَابِ الْحُمْرَةِ ضَوْءٌ شَدِيدٌ مُعْتَرِضٌ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ الشَّفَقَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ الْحُمْرَةُ وَلَيْسَ الضَّوْءُ مِنَ الشَّفَقِ.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Hajjal from Tha’labah ibn Maymun from ‘Imran ibn Ali al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about when al-‘Atmah (al-‘Isha’) becomes obligatory? He (the Imam) said, ‘When al-Shafaq (redness) disappears. Al-Shafaq is the redness.’ ‘Ubayd Allah then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep you well, after the disappearance of redness there remains a strong light visible.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Brightness (al-Shafaq) is the redness and light (or rays) are not from al-Shafaq.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/41)



12ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ دَخَلَ وَقْتُ الصَّلاَتَيْنِ إِلاَّ أَنَّ هَذِهِ قَبْلَ هَذِهِ.


12. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn ‘Urwah from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When it is sunset, it is time for two Salah (prayer) except that this is before that.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/41)



13ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَوْ لاَ أَنْ أَشُقَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِي لأَخَّرْتُ الْعِشَاءَ إِلَى ثُلُثِ اللَّيْلِ. وَرُوِيَ أَيْضاً إِلَى نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ.


13. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Aban from abu Basir from who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘If it was not because of al-Shafaq (bright redness), I would have delayed al-‘Isha’ Salah (prayer) up till passing of one-third of night.’” It is also narrated, “up till midnight.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/41)



14ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ فِي السَّفَرِ إِلَى رُبُعِ اللَّيْلِ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salmah ibn al-Khattab from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The time for al-Maghrib Salah (prayer) on a journey remains until passing of one-fourth of the night.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/42)



15ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الرَّيَّانِ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ الرَّجُلُ يَكُونُ فِي الدَّارِ تَمْنَعُهُ حِيطَانُهَا النَّظَرَ إِلَى حُمْرَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ وَمَعْرِفَةَ مَغِيبِ الشَّفَقِ وَوَقْتِ صَلاَةِ الْعِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ مَتَى يُصَلِّيهَا وَكَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يُصَلِّيهَا إِذَا كَانَ عَلَى هَذِهِ الصِّفَةِ عِنْدَ قَصْرَةِ النُّجُومِ وَالْمَغْرِبَ عِنْدَ اشْتِبَاكِهَا وَبَيَاضُ مَغِيبِ الشَّمْسِ قَصْرَةُ النُّجُومِ إِلَى بَيَانِهَا.


15. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn al-Rayyan who has said the following: “I once wrote to the man (the Imam) ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked about a man who is within the house. The walls do not allow him to see the redness in the west to find about al-Shafaq (redness) and the time for al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah. When must he perform Salah (prayer) and what should he do? He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, signed the answer that said, ‘He performs it (al-‘Isha’) when on this side, stars appear and al-Maghrib when just few stars appear. The clarity of sunset is from the appearance of few stars until their clearly becoming visible.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/42)



16ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) ذَكَرَ أَصْحَابُنَا أَنَّهُ إِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ دَخَلَ وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ وَإِذَا غَرَبَتْ دَخَلَ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ إِلاَّ أَنَّ هَذِهِ قَبْلَ هَذِهِ فِي السَّفَرِ وَالْحَضَرِ وَأَنَّ وَقْتَ الْمَغْرِبِ إِلَى رُبُعِ اللَّيْلِ فَكَتَبَ كَذَلِكَ الْوَقْتُ غَيْرَ أَنَّ وَقْتَ الْمَغْرِبِ ضَيِّقٌ وَآخِرُ وَقْتِهَا ذَهَابُ الْحُمْرَةِ وَمَصِيرُهَا إِلَى الْبَيَاضِ فِي أُفُقِ الْمَغْرِبِ.


16. Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ’Isma‘il ibn Mehran who has said the following: “I once, wrote to al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, to ask a question. ‘Our people have said that when the sun declines toward the west at noontime, it is the time of al-Dhuhr and al-‘Asr Salah (prayers). When it is sunset it is time of al-Maghrib and al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah Salah (prayers) except that this is before this. It is the same for one at home or on a journey and the time of al-Maghrib remains until passing of one-fourth of night.’ He (the Imam) wrote to me, ‘That is how the timing is, except that the time of al- Maghrib is short and its end is when redness disappears, turning to whiteness in the western horizon.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/42)