13. Blood Because of Childbirth

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ وَزُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) قَالَ النُّفَسَاءُ تَكُفُّ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ أَيَّامَ أَقْرَائِهَا الَّتِي كَانَتْ تَمْكُثُ فِيهَا ثُمَّ تَغْتَسِلُ وَتَعْمَلُ كَمَا تَعْمَلُ الْمُسْتَحَاضَةُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from af-Fudayf ibn Yasar from Zurarah who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, concerning how many days of Salah (prayer), a woman during her childbirth, does not need to perform, has said, ‘She must not perform Salah (prayer) for a number of days which is equal to the number of her Hayd (menses) free days (10 days). Thereafter she must take Ghusl (bath) and follow the rules for Istihadah (irregular menses).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/239)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ امْرَأَةَ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ وَلَدَتْ فَعَدَّ لَهَا أَيَّامَ حَيْضِهَا ثُمَّ أَمَرَهَا فَاغْتَسَلَتْ وَاحْتَشَتْ وَأَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَلْبَسَ ثَوْبَيْنِ نَظِيفَيْنِ وَأَمَرَهَا بِالصَّلاَةِ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ لاَ تَطِيبُ نَفْسِي أَنْ أَدْخُلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَدَعْنِي أَقُومُ خَارِجاً عَنْهُ وَأَسْجُدُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ قَدْ أَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَقَالَ فَانْقَطَعَ الدَّمُ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ وَرَأَتِ الطُّهْرَ وَأَمَرَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) بِهَذَا قَبْلَكُمْ فَانْقَطَعَ الدَّمُ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ وَرَأَتِ الطُّهْرَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ صَاحِبَتُكُمْ قُلْتُ مَا أَدْرِي.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ’A‘yan who has said the following: “I once said to him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that the wife of ‘Abd al-Malik gave birth. He instructed her to wait for the number of days of her Hayd (menses), then instructed her to take Ghusl (bath), fill up, wear two clean clothes and perform Salah (prayer). She said, ‘My soul does not feel happy to enter the Masjid; so allow me to stay out of the Masjid and prostrate in it.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah had issued such commandments and said, ‘Bleeding stops and she finds cleanliness,’ and Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, before you had issued such commandments; once bleeding stops the woman finds herself clean. What did the woman (of your companion) do?’ I replied, ‘I do not know.’” (‘Abd al-Malik mentioned is perhaps ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ’A‘yan, according to al-Dhakhirah).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/240)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ سَأَلَتِ امْرَأَةٌ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَقَالَتْ إِنِّي كُنْتُ أَقْعُدُ مِنْ نِفَاسِي عِشْرِينَ يَوْماً حَتَّى أَفْتَوْنِي بِثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَلِمَ أَفْتَوْكِ بِثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ لِلْحَدِيثِ الَّذِي رُوِيَ عَنْ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ لأَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ عُمَيْسٍ حِينَ نَفِسَتْ بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ أَسْمَاءَ سَأَلَتْ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَقَدْ أُتِيَ بِهَا ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً وَلَوْ سَأَلَتْهُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ لأَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَغْتَسِلَ وَتَفْعَلَ مَا تَفْعَلُهُ الْمُسْتَحَاضَةُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father in a marfu‘ the following: “A woman once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘I would, because of childbirth, wait for twenty days and they gave a fatwa to wait for eighteen days. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘Why did they give a fatwa for eighteen days?’ A man then said it is because of the Hadith from the Messenger of Allah who said to Asma’ bint ‘Umays for the birth of Muhammad ibn abu Bakr. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘Asma’ asked the Messenger of Allah after eighteen days. Had she asked before, the Messenger of Allah would ask her to take Ghusl (bath) and do what a Mustahadah is required to do.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/240)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ النُّفَسَاءُ مَتَى تُصَلِّي قَالَ تَقْعُدُ بِقَدْرِ حَيْضِهَا وَتَسْتَظْهِرُ بِيَوْمَيْنِ فَإِنِ انْقَطَعَ الدَّمُ وَإِلاَّ اغْتَسَلَتْ وَاحْتَشَتْ وَاسْتَثْفَرَتْ وَصَلَّتْ وَإِنْ جَازَ الدَّمُ الْكُرْسُفَ تَعَصَّبَتْ وَاغْتَسَلَتْ ثُمَّ صَلَّتِ الْغَدَاةَ بِغُسْلٍ وَالظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ بِغُسْلٍ وَالْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ بِغُسْلٍ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَجُزِ الدَّمُ الْكُرْسُفَ صَلَّتْ بِغُسْلٍ وَاحِدٍ قُلْتُ وَالْحَائِضُ قَالَ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ سَوَاءً فَإِنِ انْقَطَعَ عَنْهَا الدَّمُ وَإِلاَّ فَهِيَ مُسْتَحَاضَةٌ تَصْنَعُ مِثْلَ النُّفَسَاءِ سَوَاءً ثُمَّ تُصَلِّي وَلاَ تَدَعُ الصَّلاَةَ عَلَى حَالٍ فَإِنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ الصَّلاَةُ عِمَادُ دِينِكُمْ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Flariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who has given birth and as to when she must perform Salah (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘She must wait for the number of days that are equal to those of her Hayd (menses). She then must examine in two days if bleeding has stopped, otherwise, she must take Ghusl (bath), fill up herself, secure it with a belt of cloths. She must perform the morning Salah (prayer) with one Ghusl (bath), Salah (prayer) of al-Dhuhr and al-‘Asr with one Ghusl (bath) and Salah (prayer) of al-Maghrib and al-‘Isha’ with one Ghusl (bath). If blood does not pass through the cotton, she can perform Salah (prayer) with one Ghusl (bath) (everyday).’ I then asked about a woman experiencing Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the same. If bleeding stops, otherwise, it is Istihadah and she must do what the woman after childbirth does. She must perform Salah (prayer) in all conditions; the Holy prophet, has said, ‘Salah (prayer) is the pillar of your religion.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/241)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ تَجْلِسُ النُّفَسَاءُ أَيَّامَ حَيْضِهَا الَّتِي كَانَتْ تَحِيضُ ثُمَّ تَسْتَظْهِرُ وَتَغْتَسِلُ وَتُصَلِّي.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and abu Dawud from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “I heard abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘A woman after giving birth waits for a number of days equal to those of her Hayd (menses). She then must examine, take Ghusl (bath) and perform Salah (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/242)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ تَقْعُدُ النُّفَسَاءُ أَيَّامَهَا الَّتِي كَانَتْ تَقْعُدُ فِي الْحَيْضِ وَتَسْتَظْهِرُ بِيَوْمَيْنِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A woman for giving birth waits for the number of days of her Hayd (menses); then she must examine in two days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (13/242)