16. Humility during Salah (prayer) and the Contemptibility of Playfulness during Prayer

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا قُمْتَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَعَلَيْكَ بِالإِقْبَالِ عَلَى صَلاَتِكَ فَإِنَّمَا يُحْسَبُ لَكَ مِنْهَا مَا أَقْبَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ وَلاَ تَعْبَثْ فِيهَا بِيَدِكَ وَلاَ بِرَأْسِكَ وَلاَ بِلِحْيَتِكَ وَلاَ تُحَدِّثْ نَفْسَكَ وَلاَ تَتَثَاءَبْ وَلاَ تَتَمَطَّ وَلاَ تُكَفِّرْ فَإِنَّمَا يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ الْمَجُوسُ وَلاَ تَلَثَّمْ وَلاَ تَحْتَفِزْ وَلاَ تَفَرَّجْ كَمَا يَتَفَرَّجُ الْبَعِيرُ وَلاَ تُقْعِ عَلَى قَدَمَيْكَ وَلاَ تَفْتَرِشْ ذِرَاعَيْكَ وَلاَ تُفَرْقِعْ أَصَابِعَكَ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ كُلَّهُ نُقْصَانٌ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ وَلاَ تَقُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ مُتَكَاسِلاً وَلاَ مُتَنَاعِساً وَلاَ مُتَثَاقِلاً فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ خِلاَلِ النِّفَاقِ فَإِنَّ الله سُبْحَانَهُ نَهَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْ يَقُومُوا إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَهُمْ سُكَارَى يَعْنِي سُكْرَ النَّوْمِ وَقَالَ لِلْمُنَافِقِينَ وَإِذا قامُوا إِلَى الصَّلاةِ قامُوا كُسالى‏ يُراؤُنَ النَّاسَ وَلا يَذْكُرُونَ الله إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you stand up for Salah (prayer) you should be prepared (attentive) for prayer; what will be counted in your favor of prayer will be only that in which you were attentive. You should not play during Salah (prayer) with your hands, head and beard, and do not speak in your soul. You should not yawn, stretch or fold your hands one over the other; this is what the Zoroastrians would do. You should not mask your face, feel urged (for urination), keep your feet far apart from each other like camels do, should not sit on your heels, place your arms flat on the ground, crack your fingers; anyone of such things causes a defect in Salah (prayer). You should not stand for Salah (prayer) in a lazy mode, slumbering or feeling burdened; each one of such things is of behaviors of hypocrites. Allah, the Most Glorious, has forbidden the believers to stand up for prayer in a lazy mode, that is, feeling sleepy. He has said about the hypocrites, “When they stand up for Salah (prayer) they do so in a lazy mode and just to show off to people and they do not speak of (remember) Allah but very little” (4:141).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/74)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْفَارِسِيِّ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ الله كَرِهَ لَكُمْ أَيَّتُهَا الأمَّةُ أَرْبَعاً وَعِشْرِينَ خَصْلَةً وَنَهَاكُمْ عَنْهَا كَرِهَ لَكُمُ الْعَبَثَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Hassan ibn abu al-Hassan al-Farisiy from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Allah has made twenty-four things contemptible for you to do and has forbidden you to do them. Allah dislikes that you act as playful during Salah (prayer).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/77)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا كُنْتَ دَخَلْتَ فِي صَلاَتِكَ فَعَلَيْكَ بِالتَّخَشُّعِ وَالإِقْبَالِ عَلَى صَلاَتِكَ فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلاتِهِمْ خاشِعُونَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you are in your Salah (prayer), you must be humble and attentive in it; Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has said, ‘Those who are humble during their Salah (prayer) (are of the true believers)’ (23:3).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/77)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي جَهْمَةَ عَنْ جَهْمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا قَامَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ كَأَنَّهُ سَاقُ شَجَرَةٍ لاَ يَتَحَرَّكُ مِنْهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلاَّ مَا حَرَّكَهُ الرِّيحُ مِنْهُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and abu Dawud all from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Ali ibn abu Jahmah from Jahm ibn Hamid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that his (Imam’s) father has said that when Ali ibn al- Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would stand up for Salah (prayer), he seemed like the trunk of a tree. Not anything of his body would move except what the wind would move.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/77)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا قَامَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ تَغَيَّرَ لَوْنُهُ فَإِذَا سَجَدَ لَمْ يَرْفَعْ رَأْسَهُ حَتَّى يَرْفَضَّ عَرَقاً.


5. Muhammad ibn Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Hammad ibn Isa from Rib‘i ibn ‘Abd Allah from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would stand up for Salah (prayer), the color of his face change and in sajdah he remained so long until (his face) became drenched with perspiration (and tears).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/77)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا اسْتَقْبَلْتَ الْقِبْلَةَ بِوَجْهِكَ فَلاَ تُقَلِّبْ وَجْهَكَ عَنِ الْقِبْلَةِ فَتَفْسُدَ صَلاَتُكَ فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قَالَ لِنَبِيِّهِ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي الْفَرِيضَةِ فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرامِ وَحَيْثُ ما كُنْتُمْ فَوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُ وَاخْشَعْ بِبَصَرِكَ وَلاَ تَرْفَعْهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَلْيَكُنْ حِذَاءَ وَجْهِكَ فِي مَوْضِعِ سُجُودِكَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you face the direction of al-Qiblah (al-Ka’bah) you must not turn your face away from it; it destroys your Salah (prayer). Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said to His Holy prophet, O Allah grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, about the obligatory Salah (prayer). ’You must turn your face to the Masjid al-Haram (the Sacred Masjid). Wherever you are you must turn your faces toward it.’ (2:144) Your eyes must be cast down instead of being raised to the sky and your eye must remain before your face on the place for your Sujud (prostrations).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/78)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَتَثَاءَبُ وَيَتَمَطَّى فِي الصَّلاَةِ قَالَ هُوَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَلاَ يَمْلِكُهُ.


7. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar from one of the two Imam, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who has said the following: “About a man’s yawning and stretching during Salah (prayer) the Imam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’It comes from Satan over which he has no control (but one should control things that cause it to happen).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/78)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْوَلِيدِ قَالَ كُنْتُ جَالِساً عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَسَأَلَهُ نَاجِيَةُ أَبُو حَبِيبٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ جَعَلَنِي الله فِدَاكَ إِنَّ لِي رَحًى أَطْحَنُ فِيهَا فَرُبَّمَا قُمْتُ فِي سَاعَةٍ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَأَعْرِفُ مِنَ الرَّحَى أَنَّ الْغُلاَمَ قَدْ نَامَ فَأَضْرِبُ الْحَائِطَ لأُوقِظَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَنْتَ فِي طَاعَةِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ تَطْلُبُ رِزْقَهُ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from abu al- Walid who has said the following: “I was sitting in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when Najiyyah abu Habib asked the Imam saying, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, I have a flour-mill. During the night I wake up (for Salah (prayer)) and notice from the mill that the servant is gone to sleep. (Can) I then knock at the wall to wake him up?’ The Imam replied, ‘Yes, you are in the condition of obeying Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, when you are seeking to make a living.’” (Please consult a fatwa also.)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول أو مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/78)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا قُمْتَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلاَ تَعْبَثْ بِلِحْيَتِكَ وَلاَ بِرَأْسِكَ وَلاَ تَعْبَثْ بِالْحَصَى وَأَنْتَ تُصَلِّي إِلاَّ أَنْ تُسَوِّيَ حَيْثُ تَسْجُدُ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ بَأْسَ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you stand up for Salah (prayer), you must not play with your beard, your head or with pebbles while you pray, except when you prepare (pebbles) as you are about to do sajdah in which case it is not an offense.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/79)