88. Interrogations in the Grave - Who Is Interrogated and Who Is Not

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لاَ يُسْأَلُ فِي الْقَبْرِ إِلاَّ مَنْ مَحَضَ الإِيمَانَ مَحْضاً أَوْ مَحَضَ الْكُفْرَ مَحْضاً وَالآخَرُونَ يُلْهَوْنَ عَنْهُمْ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al-Jabbar from al-Hajjal from Tha’labah from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘No one is interrogated in the grave except those whose faith and belief is pure or those whose disbelief is total, others, besides these, are left alone.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/206)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّمَا يُسْأَلُ فِي قَبْرِهِ مَنْ مَحَضَ الإِيمَانَ مَحْضاً وَالْكُفْرَ مَحْضاً وَأَمَّا مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَيُلْهَى عَنْهُمْ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the only people who are interrogated in the grave are those whose belief or disbelief is absolute and total, and people other than these are left alone.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/207)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّمَا يُسْأَلُ فِي قَبْرِهِ مَنْ مَحَضَ الإِيمَانَ مَحْضاً وَالْكُفْرَ مَحْضاً وَأَمَّا مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَيُلْهَى عَنْهُ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Muhammad ibn Isma’il from Mansur ibn Yunus from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, the only ones interrogated in the grave are those whose belief or disbelief is absolute and total, and people other than such ones are left alone.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/207)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لاَ يُسْأَلُ فِي الْقَبْرِ إِلاَّ مَنْ مَحَضَ الإِيمَانَ مَحْضاً أَوْ مَحَضَ الْكُفْرَ مَحْضاً.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn al-Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabiy from Burayd ibn Mu‘awiyah from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The only ones interrogated in the grave are those whose belief or disbelief is absolute and total.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/207)



5ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يُسْأَلُ وَهُوَ مَضْغُوطٌ.


5. It is narrated from him (narrator of above Hadith) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Al-Husayn from al-Nadr ibn al-Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabiy from Harun ibn Kharijah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a person is interrogated in the grave while he is pressed hard from all sides.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/207)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَ يُفْلِتُ مِنْ ضَغْطَةِ الْقَبْرِ أَحَدٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ نَعُوذُ بِالله مِنْهَا مَا أَقَلَّ مَنْ يُفْلِتُ مِنْ ضَغْطَةِ الْقَبْرِ إِنَّ رُقَيَّةَ لَمَّا قَتَلَهَا عُثْمَانُ وَقَفَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَلَى قَبْرِهَا فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَدَمَعَتْ عَيْنَاهُ وَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ إِنِّي ذَكَرْتُ هَذِهِ وَمَا لَقِيَتْ فَرَقَقْتُ لَهَا وَاسْتَوْهَبْتُهَا مِنْ ضَمَّةِ الْقَبْرِ قَالَ فَقَالَ اللهمَّ هَبْ لِي رُقَيَّةَ مِنْ ضَمَّةِ الْقَبْرِ فَوَهَبَهَا الله لَهُ قَالَ وَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) خَرَجَ فِي جِنَازَةِ سَعْدٍ وَقَدْ شَيَّعَهُ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ فَرَفَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ ثُمَّ قَالَ مِثْلُ سَعْدٍ يُضَمُّ قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّا نُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَسْتَخِفُّ بِالْبَوْلِ فَقَالَ مَعَاذَ الله إِنَّمَا كَانَ مِنْ زَعَارَّةٍ فِي خُلُقِهِ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ قَالَ فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سَعْدٍ هَنِيئاً لَكَ يَا سَعْدُ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهَا رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَا أُمَّ سَعْدٍ لاَ تَحْتِمِي عَلَى الله.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Can anyone remain safe from the pressure of the grave?’ The Imam said, ‘I seek protection against it from Allah. How few are those who remain safe from the pressure in the grave! When Ruqiyyah was murdered..., the Messenger of Allah stood on her grave and raised his head toward the sky, his eyes flooded with tears, and said to people, “I thought of her and her condition in the grave moved me to a weeping state. I pleaded before Allah to give her safety from the pressure of the grave as a gift for me.’” He (the Imam) has said that the Messenger of Allah then said, “O Lord, save Ruqiyyah from the pressure of the grave as gift to me.” Allah then granted him that gift. The Messenger of Allah took part in the funeral of Sa‘d in which seventy thousand angels had also taken part. The Messenger of Allah raised his head to the sky and said, ‘Even (a person like) Sa‘d undergoes the pressure of the grave.’ I then said to the Imam, ‘It is said that he (Sa‘d) would not pay much attention to the uncleanness from his urine.’ He replied, ‘May Allah grant protection, it was due to his harsh manners toward his family (wife).’ The Imam then said that mother of Sa‘d said, ‘How fortunate are you, O Sa‘d!’ the Messenger of Allah then said, ‘O mother of Sa‘d, please do not consider it (granting an opportune) an obligation upon Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/207)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ غَالِبِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ بَشِيرٍ الدَّهَّانِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ يَجِي‏ءُ الْمَلَكَانِ مُنْكَرٌ وَنَكِيرٌ إِلَى الْمَيِّتِ حِينَ يُدْفَنُ أَصْوَاتُهُمَا كَالرَّعْدِ الْقَاصِفِ وَأَبْصَارُهُمَا كَالْبَرْقِ الْخَاطِفِ يَخُطَّانِ الأرْضَ بِأَنْيَابِهِمَا وَيَطَئَانِ فِي شُعُورِهِمَا فَيَسْأَلاَنِ الْمَيِّتَ مَنْ رَبُّكَ وَ مَا دِينُكَ قَالَ فَإِذَا كَانَ مُؤْمِناً قَالَ الله رَبِّي وَدِينِيَ الإِسْلاَمُ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَا تَقُولُ فِي هَذَا الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي خَرَجَ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَيْكُمْ فَيَقُولُ أَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) تَسْأَلاَنِي فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ تَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ رَسُولُ الله فَيَقُولُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ رَسُولُ الله فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ نَمْ نَوْمَةً لاَ حُلُمَ فِيهَا وَيُفْسَحُ لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ تِسْعَةَ أَذْرُعٍ وَيُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَيَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ فِيهَا وَإِذَا كَانَ الرَّجُلُ كَافِراً دَخَلاَ عَلَيْهِ وَأُقِيمَ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ عَيْنَاهُ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَنْ رَبُّكَ وَمَا دِينُكَ وَمَا تَقُولُ فِي هَذَا الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي قَدْ خَرَجَ مِنْ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَيْكُمْ فَيَقُولُ لاَ أَدْرِي فَيُخَلِّيَانِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الشَّيْطَانِ فَيُسَلِّطُ عَلَيْهِ فِي قَبْرِهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ تِنِّيناً لَوْ أَنَّ تِنِّيناً وَاحِداً مِنْهَا نَفَخَ فِي الأرْضِ مَا أَنْبَتَتْ شَجَراً أَبَداً وَيُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ إِلَى النَّارِ وَيَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ فِيهَا.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Ghalib ibn ‘Uthman from Bashir al-Dahhan who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the two interrogating angels (Munkar and Nakir) will come to the person who is just buried. Their voice sounds like thunder, their eyes like swift lightening, tearing the earth with their incisors, they strike the earth with their hairs and ask the deceased, ’Who is your Lord and what your religion is?’ The Imam then said, ‘If the deceased is a believer he will say, “Allah is my Lord and Islam is my religion.” They will then ask the deceased, “What do you say about this man who appeared among you?” The deceased will ask, “Are you asking me about Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah?” They then ask, “Do you testify that he is the Messenger of Allah?” He will say, “Yes, I do testify that he is the Messenger of Allah.” They then will say, “Rest to sleep without dreams.” They will open his grave by nine yards and a door to paradise where he can observe his seat. If the deceased is an unbeliever, the two angels will come to him and present before him will also be Satan with his eyes made of brass. The angels will ask him, “Who is your Lord, what is your religion and what do you say about this man who appeared among you?” The deceased will say, “I do not know.” The angels then leave him with Satan who then will expose him to ninety-nine such serpents that even if one of them would blow in earth, no plant thereafter can grow therein. The angels open to him a door to hell wherein he can observe his seat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/208)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَصْلَحَكَ الله مَنِ الْمَسْئُولُونَ فِي قُبُورِهِمْ قَالَ مَنْ مَحَضَ الإِيمَانَ وَمَنْ مَحَضَ الْكُفْرَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَبَقِيَّةُ هَذَا الْخَلْقِ قَالَ يُلْهَى وَالله عَنْهُمْ مَا يُعْبَأُ بِهِمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَعَمَّ يُسْأَلُونَ قَالَ عَنِ الْحُجَّةِ الْقَائِمَةِ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِكُمْ فَيُقَالُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِ مَا تَقُولُ فِي فُلاَنِ بْنِ فُلاَنٍ فَيَقُولُ ذَاكَ إِمَامِي فَيُقَالُ نَمْ أَنَامَ الله عَيْنَكَ وَيُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَمَا يَزَالُ يُتْحِفُهُ مِنْ رَوْحِهَا إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيُقَالُ لِلْكَافِرِ مَا تَقُولُ فِي فُلاَنِ بْنِ فُلاَنٍ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ بِهِ وَمَا أَدْرِي مَا هُوَ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ لاَ دَرَيْتَ قَالَ وَيُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ مِنَ النَّارِ فَلاَ يَزَالُ يُتْحِفُهُ مِنْ حَرِّهَا إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “I asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’May Allah grant you well being, who are interrogated in the grave?’ The Imam replied, ‘The only ones interrogated in the grave are those whose belief or disbelief is absolute and total.’ The narrator has said that I then asked, ‘What about the rest of these creatures?’ The Imam replied, ‘They, by Allah, will be left alone.’ The narrator has said that I then asked about the phrase: ‘What will they be asked about?’ The Imam replied, ‘They will be questioned about Divine authority established among you. The believers will be asked, “What do you say about so and so son of so and so?” The believer will say, “He is my Imam.” They then will say, “Rest to sleep; may Allah grant rest to your eyes.’” They will open to him a door to paradise whereby he keeps receiving gifts up to the Day of Judgment. They ask an unbeliever, “What do you say about so and so son of so and so?” He will say, “I have heard about him but I do not know who he is.” The angels will say, “May you never know!”’ The Imam then said, ‘The two angels will open a door of fire to him from which he will suffer up to the Day of Judgment.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/210)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الأشْعَثِ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ يُسْأَلُ الرَّجُلُ فِي قَبْرِهِ فَإِذَا أَثْبَتَ فُسِحَ لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ سَبْعَةَ أَذْرُعٍ وَفُتِحَ لَهُ بَابٌ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَقِيلَ لَهُ نَمْ نَوْمَةَ الْعَرُوسِ قَرِيرَ الْعَيْنِ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn Hadid from Jamil from ‘Amr ibn al-Ash‘ath who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say that a man is interrogated in his grave. If he remains steadfast (in his belief), his grave is then made spacious by nine yards, a door to paradise is then opened for him and it is said to him, ‘Rest to sleep like a newly wedded person with delightful heart.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/210)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ إِذَا وُضِعَ الرَّجُلُ فِي قَبْرِهِ أَتَاهُ مَلَكَانِ مَلَكٌ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَمَلَكٌ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ وَأُقِيمَ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ عَيْنَاهُ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ كَيْفَ تَقُولُ فِي الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي كَانَ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَيْكُمْ قَالَ فَيَفْزَعُ لَهُ فَزْعَةً فَيَقُولُ إِذَا كَانَ مُؤْمِناً أَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) تَسْأَلاَنِي فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ نَمْ نَوْمَةً لاَ حُلُمَ فِيهَا وَيُفْسَحُ لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ تِسْعَةُ أَذْرُعٍ وَيَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُثَبِّتُ الله الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَياةِ الدُّنْيا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ وَإِذَا كَانَ كَافِراً قَالاَ لَهُ مَنْ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي خَرَجَ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَيْكُمْ فَيَقُولُ لاَ أَدْرِي فَيُخَلِّيَانِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الشَّيْطَانِ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from abu Basir who has said the following: ”1 heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘When a person is placed in his grave, two angels come to him, one from the right, the other from the left, and Satan whose eyes are made of brass stands before his eyes. The two angels will ask, “What do you say about the man who lived among you?’” The Imam then said, ‘This causes him a terrifying alarm. If a believing person, he says, “Are you asking about Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah?” The two angels will then say to him, “Rest to sleep without dreams therein.” They will make his grave spacious by nine yards. He then observes his seat in paradise.’ This is what Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has mentioned (in His Book), ‘Allah keeps the believers steadfast upon the firmly established word both in this and in the next life.’ (14:26) If he is an unbeliever, the two angels will ask, “Who is the man who appeared among you?” He will say, “I do not know.” The two angels will then leave him with Satan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/210)



11ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي الْبِلاَدِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ يُقَالُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِ فِي قَبْرِهِ مَنْ رَبُّكَ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ الله فَيُقَالُ لَهُ مَا دِينُكَ فَيَقُولُ الإِسْلاَمُ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ فَيَقُولُ مُحَمَّدٌ فَيُقَالُ مَنْ إِمَامُكَ فَيَقُولُ فُلاَنٌ فَيُقَالُ كَيْفَ عَلِمْتَ بِذَلِكَ فَيَقُولُ أَمْرٌ هَدَانِي الله لَهُ وَثَبَّتَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ نَمْ نَوْمَةً لاَ حُلُمَ فِيهَا نَوْمَةَ الْعَرُوسِ ثُمَّ يُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ فَيَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ رَوْحِهَا وَرَيْحَانِهَا فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ عَجِّلْ قِيَامَ السَّاعَةِ لَعَلِّي أَرْجِعُ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَمَالِي وَيُقَالُ لِلْكَافِرِ مَنْ رَبُّكَ فَيَقُولُ الله فَيُقَالُ مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ فَيَقُولُ مُحَمَّدٌ فَيُقَالُ مَا دِينُكَ فَيَقُولُ الإِسْلاَمُ فَيُقَالُ مِنْ أَيْنَ عَلِمْتَ ذَلِكَ فَيَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ فَقُلْتُهُ فَيَضْرِبَانِهِ بِمِرْزَبَةٍ لَوِ اجْتَمَعَ عَلَيْهَا الثَّقَلاَنِ الإِنْسُ وَالْجِنُّ لَمْ يُطِيقُوهَا قَالَ فَيَذُوبُ كَمَا يَذُوبُ الرَّصَاصُ ثُمَّ يُعِيدَانِ فِيهِ الرُّوحَ فَيُوضَعُ قَلْبُهُ بَيْنَ لَوْحَيْنِ مِنْ نَارٍ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَخِّرْ قِيَامَ السَّاعَةِ.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Ibrahim ibn abu al-Balad from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, that a believing person in his grave will be asked, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He will reply, ‘Allah is my Lord.’ He is then asked, ‘What is your religion?’ He will reply, ‘Islam is my religion.’ He is then asked, ‘Who is your prophet?’ He will reply, ‘Muhammad is my prophet.’ He is then asked, ‘Who is your Imam?’ He will reply, ‘So and so is my Imam.’ He is asked, ‘How did you come to know that he is your Imam?’ He will reply, ‘It is a matter to which Allah guided me and kept me steadfast therewith.’ It then will be said to him, ‘Rest to sleep without dreams like the sleep of newly wedded person.’ A door to paradise is then opened to him through which fragrance and happiness of paradise continue to come to him. He will then say, ‘Lord, allow the Day of judgment to come quicker so I can return to my family and property.’ An unbeliever is asked, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He replies, ‘Allah is my Lord.’ He is then asked, ‘Who is your prophet?’ He replies, ‘Muhammad is my prophet.’ He is then asked, ‘What is your religion?’ He replies, ‘Islam is my religion.’ He is then asked, ‘How did you come to know it?’ He replies, ‘People said so and so did I.’ The two angels will then strike him with a war-club on his head such that even all man and Jinn together cannot bear (its pain). The Imam then said, ‘He will melt like lead. Then they will return his soul to his body and place his heart between two boards of fire and he will plead, “O Lord, please delay the coming of the Day of Judgment.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/210)



12ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ إِذَا أُخْرِجَ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ شَيَّعَتْهُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ إِلَى قَبْرِهِ يَزْدَحِمُونَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى بِهِ إِلَى قَبْرِهِ قَالَتْ لَهُ الأرْضُ مَرْحَباً بِكَ وَأَهْلاً أَمَا وَالله لَقَدْ كُنْتُ أُحِبُّ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ عَلَيَّ مِثْلُكَ لَتَرَيَنَّ مَا أَصْنَعُ بِكَ فَتَوَسَّعُ لَهُ مَدَّ بَصَرِهِ وَيَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِ فِي قَبْرِهِ مَلَكَا الْقَبْرِ وَهُمَا قَعِيدَا الْقَبْرِ مُنْكَرٌ وَنَكِيرٌ فَيُلْقِيَانِ فِيهِ الرُّوحَ إِلَى حَقْوَيْهِ فَيُقْعِدَانِهِ وَيَسْأَلاَنِهِ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَنْ رَبُّكَ فَيَقُولُ الله فَيَقُولاَنِ مَا دِينُكَ فَيَقُولُ الإِسْلاَمُ فَيَقُولاَنِ وَمَنْ نَبِيُّكَ فَيَقُولُ مُحَمَّدٌ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَيَقُولاَنِ وَمَنْ إِمَامُكَ فَيَقُولُ فُلاَنٌ قَالَ فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ صَدَقَ عَبْدِي افْرُشُوا لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَافْتَحُوا لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ بَاباً إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَأَلْبِسُوهُ مِنْ ثِيَابِ الْجَنَّةِ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا وَمَا عِنْدَنَا خَيْرٌ لَهُ ثُمَّ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَمْ نَوْمَةَ عَرُوسٍ نَمْ نَوْمَةً لاَ حُلُمَ فِيهَا قَالَ وَإِنْ كَانَ كَافِراً خَرَجَتِ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ تُشَيِّعُهُ إِلَى قَبْرِهِ تَلْعَنُونَهُ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى بِهِ إِلَى قَبْرِهِ قَالَتْ لَهُ الأرْضُ لاَ مَرْحَباً بِكَ وَلاَ أَهْلاً أَمَا وَالله لَقَدْ كُنْتُ أُبْغِضُ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ عَلَيَّ مِثْلُكَ لاَ جَرَمَ لَتَرَيَنَّ مَا أَصْنَعُ بِكَ الْيَوْمَ فَتَضِيقُ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى تَلْتَقِيَ جَوَانِحُهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِ مَلَكَا الْقَبْرِ وَهُمَا قَعِيدَا الْقَبْرِ مُنْكَرٌ وَنَكِيرٌ قَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ يَدْخُلاَنِ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ وَالْكَافِرِ فِي صُورَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ فَقَالَ لاَ قَالَ فَيُقْعِدَانِهِ وَيُلْقِيَانِ فِيهِ الرُّوحَ إِلَى حَقْوَيْهِ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَنْ رَبُّكَ فَيَتَلَجْلَجُ وَيَقُولُ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ لاَ دَرَيْتَ وَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَا دِينُكَ فَيَتَلَجْلَجُ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ لاَ دَرَيْتَ وَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ فَيَقُولُ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ فَيَقُولاَنِ لَهُ لاَ دَرَيْتَ وَيُسْأَلُ عَنْ إِمَامِ زَمَانِهِ قَالَ فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ كَذَبَ عَبْدِي افْرُشُوا لَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَأَلْبِسُوهُ مِنْ ثِيَابِ النَّارِ وَافْتَحُوا لَهُ بَاباً إِلَى النَّارِ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا وَمَا عِنْدَنَا شَرٌّ لَهُ فَيَضْرِبَانِهِ بِمِرْزَبَةٍ ثَلاَثَ ضَرَبَاتٍ لَيْسَ مِنْهَا ضَرْبَةٌ إِلاَّ يَتَطَايَرُ قَبْرُهُ نَاراً لَوْ ضُرِبَ بِتِلْكَ الْمِرْزَبَةِ جِبَالُ تِهَامَةَ لَكَانَتْ رَمِيماً وَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَيُسَلِّطُ الله عَلَيْهِ فِي قَبْرِهِ الْحَيَّاتِ تَنْهَشُهُ نَهْشاً وَالشَّيْطَانَ يَغُمُّهُ غَمّاً قَالَ وَيَسْمَعُ عَذَابَهُ مَنْ خَلَقَ الله إِلاَّ الْجِنَّ وَالإِنْسَ قَالَ وَإِنَّهُ لَيَسْمَعُ خَفْقَ نِعَالِهِمْ وَنَقْضَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُثَبِّتُ الله الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَياةِ الدُّنْيا وَفِي الآخِرَةِ وَيُضِلُّ الله الظَّالِمِينَ وَيَفْعَلُ الله ما يَشاءُ.


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when a believing person is taken out of his home, the angels escort him to his grave in a crowded manner until they arrive on his grave. The earth then says to him, ‘You are most welcome. By Allah, I loved that people like you walk on me. You will see what I will do for you.’ His grave will be opened up for him as far as his eyes can see, and then the two angels of grave, the dweller therein, Munkar and Nakir, enter into his grave, send his soul in him up to his loin, make him rise to sit upright and ask him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He then replies, ‘Allah is my Lord.’ They then ask, ‘What is your religion?’ He replies, ‘Islam is my religion.’ They then ask, ‘Who is your prophet?’ He then replies, ‘Muhammad is my prophet.’ They then ask, ‘Who is your Imam?’ He then replies, ‘So and so is my Imam.’ Then someone calls from the heaven, ‘My servant has told the truth. Furnish his grave from the furnishing of paradise and open for his grave a door to paradise, dress him from the dresses of paradise until he will come to Us; what is with Us for him is better.’ Then it is said to him, ‘Rest to sleep like a newly wedded person, rest sleeping without dreams.’ The Imam then said, ‘If he is an unbeliever, the angels escort him to his grave while they all condemn him until they arrive on his grave; and the earth says, “You are not welcome at all. By Allah, I hated that people like you walk on me. However, you will see what I will do to you today.” The grave then presses him with a huge force until his sides join each other. The Imam then said, ‘Then the angels of the grave, the dwellers of the grave, Munkar and Nakir, enter his grave.’ Abu Basir then asked, ‘May Allah keep my soul in your service, do they (the angels) come to the believer and the unbeliever with the same shape and form?’ The Imam replied, ‘No, they do not do so.’ The Imam then said, ‘They then make him sit upright and send his soul in him up to his loin and ask him, “Who is your Lord?” He will hesitate and say, “I heard people say (so and so).” They will say, “May you never know.” They then will ask, “What is your religion?” He will hesitate. They will say, “May you never know.” They will ask, “Who is your prophet?” He will say, “I heard people say (so and so).” They will say, “May you never know.” They then will ask him about the Imam of his time? The Imam then said, ‘Someone from the heaven then calls saying, “My servant has lied. Furnish his grave with the furnishing of fire, dress him with the dress of fire, open for him a door to fire until he comes before Us and what is with Us for him is much worse.” They then strike him with a war-club three times and each strike sets his grave on fire. The force of each strike can turn the mountains of Makkah into ashes? The Imam then said, ‘Allah then allows serpents to bite him repeatedly and Satan to make him suffer sadness? The Imam also said, ‘All creatures of Allah except man and Jinn hear his punishment. He can hear the sound of their shoes walking and the sound of their fingers being cracked and this is what Allah has mentioned in His book, “Allah keeps the believers steadfast upon the firmly established word in this world and in the next life and Allah causes to mislead the unjust and He does as He wills?”” (14:26)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/212)



13ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ كُولُومٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلَ الْمُؤْمِنُ قَبْرَهُ كَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَالزَّكَاةُ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ وَالْبِرُّ يُطِلُّ عَلَيْهِ وَيَتَنَحَّى الصَّبْرُ نَاحِيَةً وَإِذَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ الْمَلَكَانِ اللَّذَانِ يَلِيَانِ مُسَاءَلَتَهُ قَالَ الصَّبْرُ لِلصَّلاَةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ دُونَكُمَا صَاحِبَكُمْ فَإِنْ عَجَزْتُمْ عَنْهُ فَأَنَا دُونَهُ.


13. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ’Abd Allah ibn Kulum from abu Sa‘id who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when a believing person is placed in his grave, his prayer appears on his right side, Zakat (his paying charity) on his left side, his good manners above him and his patience stands on one side. When the angels, who interrogate him, enter his grave, his patience will say to his prayer and Zakat, ‘Help your friend. If you fail, then I will defend him?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/213)



14ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ الْخُرَاسَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِذَا وُضِعَ الْمَيِّتُ فِي قَبْرِهِ مُثِّلَ لَهُ شَخْصٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا هَذَا كُنَّا ثَلاَثَةً كَانَ رِزْقُكَ فَانْقَطَعَ بِانْقِطَاعِ أَجَلِكَ وَكَانَ أَهْلُكَ فَخَلَّفُوكَ وَانْصَرَفُوا عَنْكَ وَكُنْتُ عَمَلَكَ فَبَقِيتُ مَعَكَ أَمَا إِنِّي كُنْتُ أَهْوَنَ الثَّلاَثَةِ عَلَيْكَ.


14. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Khurasaniy from his father who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a deceased person is placed in his grave, someone appears before him and says, “O so and so, there were three of us. One was your means of sustenance that is no more because of the coming of the time of your death. The other one was your family who left you and has returned home. I was your deeds and I have remained with you but I was the least important of the three before you?””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/214)



15ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يُسْأَلُ الْمَيِّتُ فِي قَبْرِهِ عَنْ خَمْسٍ عَنْ صَلاَتِهِ وَزَكَاتِهِ وَحَجِّهِ وَصِيَامِهِ وَوَلاَيَتِهِ إِيَّانَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ فَتَقُولُ الْوَلاَيَةُ مِنْ جَانِبِ الْقَبْرِ لِلأرْبَعِ مَا دَخَلَ فِيكُنَّ مِنْ نَقْصٍ فَعَلَيَّ تَمَامُهُ.


15. It is narrated from him (narrator of the above Hadith) from his father in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a deceased is asked in his grave about five issues. He is asked about his prayer, Zakat (paying charity), his Hajj, his fasting and about our, Ahl al-Bayt’s wilayah (guardianship) over him. Wilayah then from one side of the grave says to the others, ‘If you face any deficiency in your task (of protecting him), leave it for me to suffice?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/214)



16ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمَصْلُوبِ يُعَذَّبُ عَذَابَ الْقَبْرِ قَالَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَأْمُرُ الْهَوَاءَ أَنْ يَضْغَطَهُ.


16. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus who has said the following: “I asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about one who dies because of being hanged, ’Is such a person punished in the form of the pressure of the grave?’ He replied, ’Yes, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, sends the air to place huge pressures on him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/214)



17ـ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنِ الْمَصْلُوبِ يُصِيبُهُ عَذَابُ الْقَبْرِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ رَبَّ الأرْضِ هُوَ رَبُّ الْهَوَاءِ فَيُوحِي الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى الْهَوَاءِ فَيَضْغَطُهُ ضَغْطَةً أَشَدَّ مِنْ ضَغْطَةِ الْقَبْرِ.


17. The following is narrated in another Hadith: “Someone asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Does a person who dies because of being hanged to death, suffer the severe pressure of the grave?’ The Imam said, ‘The Lord of the earth is also the Lord of the air. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, inspires the air and it applies a pressure on the deceased which is greater than the pressure in the grave.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/214)



18ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا مَاتَتْ رُقَيَّةُ ابْنَةُ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْحَقِي بِسَلَفِنَا الصَّالِحِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ مَظْعُونٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ وَفَاطِمَةُ (عَلَيْهِا الْسَّلام) عَلَى شَفِيرِ الْقَبْرِ تَنْحَدِرُ دُمُوعُهَا فِي الْقَبْرِ وَرَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَتَلَقَّاهُ بِثَوْبِهِ قَائِماً يَدْعُو قَالَ إِنِّي لأَعْرِفُ ضَعْفَهَا وَسَأَلْتُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ يُجِيرَهَا مِنْ ضَمَّةِ الْقَبْرِ.


18. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban from abu Basir from one of the two Imam who has said the following: “When Ruqiyyah, daughter of the Messenger of Allah passed away, the Messenger of Allah said, ’You now join the people of good deeds of our predecessors like ’Uthman ibn Maz’un and his friends.’ The Imam said, ’Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, stood on the edge of the grave with her tears falling into the grave, and the Messenger of Allah allowed his tears to fall in his clothes. While standing he (the Messenger of Allah) prayed saying, “I am aware of her weakness and pray to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, to grant her protection against the pressure of the grave.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/215)