75. The Rare Ahadith about Friday

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1ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ تَقُولُ فِي آخِرِ سَجْدَةٍ مِنَ النَّوَافِلِ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ لَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِوَجْهِكَ الْكَرِيمِ وَاسْمِكَ الْعَظِيمِ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي ذَنْبِيَ الْعَظِيمَ سَبْعاً.


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from al-Nadr ibn al-Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that on Friday night after optional Salah (prayer), after Maghrib (soon after sunset) Salah (prayer) one should say, ‘O Lord, I appeal to You through Your gracious face and great name. “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause,)” Forgive my great sin’- seven times.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/369)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنِ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَكْثِرُوا مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ عَلَيَّ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْغَرَّاءِ وَالْيَوْمِ الأزْهَرِ لَيْلَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَيَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَسُئِلَ إِلَى كَمِ الْكَثِيرُ قَالَ إِلَى مِائَةٍ وَمَا زَادَتْ فَهُوَ أَفْضَلُ.


2. Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy from al-Qaddah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Say a great number of times, “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah, please, grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause)” on the brilliant day and blossoming night of Friday.’ He was asked about the meaning of great number of times and he (the Imam) replied, ‘It is up to one hundred times and above this is excellent.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/369)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ يُعْبَدُ الله بِهِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ.


3. Muhammad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Muhammad ibn Hassan from al-Hassan ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah from Yazid ibn Ishaq from Harun ibn Kharijah from al-Mufaddal who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On Friday no other form of obedience to Allah is more beloved to me than saying, “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family compensation worthy of their serving Your cause.)””’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/369)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقُلِ اللهمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأوْصِيَاءِ الْمَرْضِيِّينَ بِأَفْضَلِ صَلَوَاتِكَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَيْهِمْ بِأَفْضَلِ بَرَكَاتِكَ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَيْهِمْ وَرَحْمَةُ الله وَبَرَكَاتُهُ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ قَالَهَا فِي دُبُرِ الْعَصْرِ كَتَبَ الله لَهُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ حَسَنَةٍ وَمَحَا عَنْهُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ سَيِّئَةٍ وَقَضَى لَهُ بِهَا مِائَةَ أَلْفِ حَاجَةٍ وَرَفَعَ لَهُ بِهَا مِائَةَ أَلْفِ دَرَجَةٍ.


4. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad in a marfu‘ manner (from the Imam) who has said the following: “After completing Friday Salah (prayer) say, ‘Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ali Muhammad. . . (O Allah grant Muhammad and his family a compensation worthy of their serving Your cause, the well accepted executors of his will, with most preferred compensations and grant them blessings of the best form of your blessings, he and they all are ‘Alayhim al-Salam, mercy and blessings).’ Whoever says this after the afternoon Salah (prayer), Allah writes for him one hundred thousand good deeds, deletes his one hundred thousand bad deeds, makes his one hundred thousand wishes come true and raises his position by one hundred thousand degrees.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/369)



5ـ وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ مَنْ قَالَهَا سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ رَدَّ الله عَلَيْهِ مِنْ كُلِّ عَبْدٍ حَسَنَةً وَكَانَ عَمَلُهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ مَقْبُولاً وَجَاءَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَبَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ نُورٌ.


5. The narrator of the previous Hadith has narrated that if one says the expression stated in the previous Hadith seven times, Allah in return grants him one good from every servant. On that day his deeds are accepted and on the Day of Judgment he will come with a light between his eyes.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/370)



6ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ يُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ تَقْرَأَ فِي دُبُرِ الْغَدَاةِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ الرَّحْمَنَ كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ تَقُولَ كُلَّمَا قُلْتَ فَبِأَيِّ آلاءِ رَبِّكُما تُكَذِّبانِ لاَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ آلاَئِكَ رَبِّ أُكَذِّبُ.


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘It is preferable to recite Chapter 55 of the Holy Quran after the morning Salah (prayer) on Friday morning and after reciting the verse that says, “Which of the bounties of your Lord do you then deny?” say, ‘I do not deny anyone of the bounties of my Lord.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/370)



7ـ وَبِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مَنْ قَرَأَ الْكَهْفَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةِ جُمُعَةٍ كَانَتْ كَفَّارَةَ مَا بَيْنَ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ. قَالَ وَرَوَى غَيْرُهُ أَيْضاً فِيمَنْ قَرَأَهَا يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ.


7. It is narrated through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Ayyub ibn Nuh from Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one recites chapter 18 of the Holy Quran every Friday night, it serves as an expiation for the matters from this to the next Friday.’” The narrator of the Hadith has said that people other than him also have narrated about reciting this Chapter after the afternoon Salah (prayer) on Friday.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/370)



8ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يُبَكِّرُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ حِينَ تَكُونُ الشَّمْسُ قَدْرَ رُمْحٍ فَإِذَا كَانَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ يَكُونُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ وَكَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ لِجُمَعِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عَلَى جُمَعِ سَائِرِ الشُّهُورِ فَضْلاً كَفَضْلِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عَلَى سَائِرِ الشُّهُورِ.


8. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al-Nadr from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would go to Masjid early Friday morning after sunrise when the sun would rise by about one spear’s length (above the horizon). In the month of Ramadan he would do so earlier and say, ‘The Fridays of the month of Ramadan have extra excellence over the Fridays of other months, just as the month of Ramadan has extra excellence over the other months.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/370)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْقَاسَانِيِّ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ الْمِنْقَرِيِّ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ غِيَاثٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ أَدْرَكَ الْجُمُعَةَ وَقَدِ ازْدَحَمَ النَّاسُ فَكَبَّرَ مَعَ الإِمَامِ وَرَكَعَ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى السُّجُودِ وَقَامَ الإِمَامُ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ وَقَامَ هَذَا مَعَهُمْ فَرَكَعَ الإِمَامُ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ هَذَا عَلَى الرُّكُوعِ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِنَ الزِّحَامِ وَقَدَرَ عَلَى السُّجُودِ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَمَّا الرَّكْعَةُ الأولَى فَهِيَ إِلَى عِنْدِ الرُّكُوعِ تَامَّةٌ فَلَمَّا لَمْ يَسْجُدْ لَهَا حَتَّى دَخَلَ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ ذَلِكَ فَلَمَّا سَجَدَ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ إِنْ كَانَ نَوَى هَذِهِ السَّجْدَةَ الَّتِي هِيَ الرَّكْعَةُ الأولَى فَقَدْ تَمَّتْ لَهُ الأولَى وَإِذَا سَلَّمَ الإِمَامُ قَامَ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَةً ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ فِيهَا ثُمَّ يَتَشَهَّدُ وَيُسَلِّمُ وَإِنْ كَانَ لَمْ يَنْوِ أَنْ تَكُونَ تِلْكَ السَّجْدَةُ لِلرَّكْعَةِ الأولَى لَمْ تُجْزِ عَنْهُ الأولَى وَلاَ الثَّانِيَةُ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qasaniy from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Sulayman ibn Dawud al-Minqariy from Hafs ibn al-Ghiyath who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘If a man attends Friday in a dense crowd when the Imam says Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) and performs Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees), this man also performs Ruku‘ but cannot perform Sajdah (prostration). The Imam and the people stand up for the second Rak‘at and he also stands up with them, then the Imam performs Ruku‘, but he cannot perform Ruku‘ in the second Rak‘at because of crowd but he performs Sajdah (prostration). What is he required to perform?’Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said that the first Rak‘at is complete in Ruku‘. He did not perform Sajdah (prostration) until the second Rak‘at, this he has missed. He has performed Sajdah (prostration) in the second Rak‘at; if he intended it to be the Sajdah (prostration) for the first Rak‘at, the first Rak‘at becomes complete for him, and when the Imam says Salam (the phrase of offering greeting of peace), he stands up to performs one Rak‘at.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/370)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قِيلَ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَزْعُمُ بَعْضُ النَّاسِ أَنَّ النُّورَةَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ مَكْرُوهَةٌ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ حَيْثُ ذَهَبَ أَيُّ طَهُورٍ أَطْهَرُ مِنَ النُّورَةِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah in a marfu‘ manner saying: “Someone said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Certain people consider applying Nurah (lime as hair cleaner) on Friday as undesirable.’ The Imam said, ‘It is not as they say. No other cleaner is a better cleaner on Friday than Nurah.’” (The following chapters are best explained by fatwa.)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/371)