18. Zakat of Camels

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَأَبِي بَصِيرٍ وَبُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ وَالْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالاَ فِي صَدَقَةِ الإِبِلِ فِي كُلِّ خَمْسٍ شَاةٌ إِلَى أَنْ تَبْلُغَ خَمْساً وَعِشْرِينَ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ ذَلِكَ فَفِيهَا ابْنَةُ مَخَاضٍ ثُمَّ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ خَمْساً وَثَلاَثِينَ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ خَمْساً وَثَلاَثِينَ فَفِيهَا ابْنَةُ لَبُونٍ ثُمَّ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ خَمْساً وَأَرْبَعِينَ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ خَمْساً وَأَرْبَعِينَ فَفِيهَا حِقَّةٌ طَرُوقَةُ الْفَحْلِ ثُمَّ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ سِتِّينَ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ سِتِّينَ فَفِيهَا جَذَعَةٌ ثُمَّ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ خَمْساً وَسَبْعِينَ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ خَمْساً وَسَبْعِينَ فَفِيهَا ابْنَتَا لَبُونٍ ثُمَّ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ تِسْعِينَ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ تِسْعِينَ فَفِيهَا حِقَّتَانِ طَرُوقَتَا الْفَحْلِ ثُمَّ لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةً فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةً فَفِيهَا حِقَّتَانِ طَرُوقَتَا الْفَحْلِ فَإِذَا زَادَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ عَلَى عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةٍ فَفِي كُلِّ خَمْسِينَ حِقَّةٌ وَفِي كُلِّ أَرْبَعِينَ ابْنَةُ لَبُونٍ ثُمَّ تَرْجِعُ الإِبِلُ عَلَى أَسْنَانِهَا وَلَيْسَ عَلَى النَّيِّفِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلاَ عَلَى الْكُسُورِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى الْعَوَامِلِ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِنَّمَا ذَلِكَ عَلَى السَّائِمَةِ الرَّاعِيَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ مَا فِي الْبُخْتِ السَّائِمَةِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ مِثْلُ مَا فِي الإِبِلِ الْعَرَبِيَّةِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah, Muhammad ibn Muslim, abu Basir, Burayd al-‘ljliy and al-Fudayl who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, and abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, have said that the amount of Zakat on camel is one sheep for every five camels, until they number twenty-five in which case it is one Ibnatu Makhad. Thereafter there is no increase in Zakat until the number reaches thirty-five, in which case Zakat is one Ibnatu Labun. Thereafter there is no increase in Zakat until the number reaches forty-five, in which case Zakat is one Hiqqah Taruqah al-Fahl. Thereafter there is no increase in Zakat until the number reaches sixty, in which case Zakat is one Jadha‘ah. Thereafter there is no increase in Zakat until the number reaches seventy-five, in which case Zakat is Ibnata Labun. Thereafter there is no increase in Zakat until the number reaches ninety, in which case Zakat is Hiqqatan Taruqat al-Fahl. Thereafter there is no increase in Zakat until the number reaches one hundred twenty, in which case Zakat is Hiqqatan Taruqata al-Fahl. If one more camel increases, thereafter, on every fifty, Zakat is one Hiqqah and on every forty, Zakat is one Ibnatu Labun. All additional camels from this point on are calculated according to the numbers already mentioned. Zakat is not due on what is between two numbers as well as on fractions, or working camels. Only camels that graze in pastures are subject to Zakat. He (the narrator) has said that he then asked, Is non- Arabic camel which grazes subject to Zakat? 5 He (the Imam) said, It is just like Arabic camels.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسنه الفضل ء - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/57)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ فِي خَمْسِ قَلاَئِصَ شَاةٌ وَلَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ الْخَمْسِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَفِي عَشْرٍ شَاتَانِ وَفِي خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ ثَلاَثُ شِيَاهٍ وَفِي عِشْرِينَ أَرْبَعٌ وَفِي خَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ خَمْسٌ وَفِي سِتَّةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ بِنْتُ مَخَاضٍ إِلَى خَمْسٍ وَثَلاَثِينَ. وَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ هَذَا فَرْقٌ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ النَّاسِ فَإِذَا زَادَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ فَفِيهَا بِنْتُ لَبُونٍ إِلَى خَمْسٍ وَأَرْبَعِينَ فَإِذَا زَادَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ فَفِيهَا حِقَّةٌ إِلَى سِتِّينَ فَإِذَا زَادَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ فَفِيهَا جَذَعَةٌ إِلَى خَمْسٍ وَسَبْعِينَ فَإِذَا زَادَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ فَفِيهَا بِنْتَا لَبُونٍ إِلَى تِسْعِينَ فَإِذَا كَثُرَتِ الإِبِلُ فَفِي كُلِّ خَمْسِينَ حِقَّةٌ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn af-Hajjaj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On five Qala’is (young she camel) Zakat is one sheep and Zakat is not due on less than five camels. On ten Zakat is two sheep, on fifteen Zakat is three sheep, on twenty Zakat is four sheep, on twenty-five Zakat is five sheep and on twenty-six Zakat is one Bintu Makhad up to thirty- five. 5 ‘Abd al-Rahman has said that this is the difference between us and the people. If one is increased Zakat is one Bintu Labun up to forty-five. With the increase of one more camel Zakat is one Hiqqah up to sixty, thereafter if one more camel is increased Zakat is one Jadha‘ah up to seventy-five, thereafter if one more camel is increased Zakat is Binta Labun up to ninety. When camels become many, then for every fifty Zakat is one Hiqqah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/59)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ لَيْسَ فِي صِغَارِ الإِبِلِ شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى يَحُولَ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ مِنْ يَوْمِ تُنْتَجُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Zakat is not due on camel’s young until one year passes from the day they are born.” (The following chapter seems to be the words of the compiler (rh))


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/60)