4. The Timing of Salah (Prayer), the Beginning, the End and the Outstanding Phases

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ كُنْتُ قَاعِداً عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَنَا وَحُمْرَانُ بْنُ أَعْيَنَ فَقَالَ لَهُ حُمْرَانُ مَا تَقُولُ فِيمَا يَقُولُ زُرَارَةُ وَقَدْ خَالَفْتُهُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) مَا هُوَ قَالَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مَوَاقِيتَ الصَّلاَةِ كَانَتْ مُفَوَّضَةً إِلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) هُوَ الَّذِي وَضَعَهَا فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَمَا تَقُولُ أَنْتَ قُلْتُ إِنَّ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَتَاهُ فِي الْيَوْمِ الأوَّلِ بِالْوَقْتِ الأوَّلِ وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الأخِيرِ بِالْوَقْتِ الأخِيرِ ثُمَّ قَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) مَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَقْتٌ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يَا حُمْرَانُ إِنَّ زُرَارَةَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّمَا جَاءَ مُشِيراً عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَصَدَقَ زُرَارَةُ إِنَّمَا جَعَلَ الله ذَلِكَ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَوَضَعَهُ وَأَشَارَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِم الْسَّلام) بِهِ عَلَيْهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah from who has said the following: “I once was sitting in the presence of abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and Humran ibn ’A‘yan was also present. Humran asked him (the Imam), ‘What do you say about the words of Zurarah with which I do not agree?’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘What are they?’ Humran said, ‘Zurarah says that the time for Salah (prayer) was delegated to the Messenger of Allah. He was the one who determined them.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘What do you (Humran) say about it?’ I (Humran) said, ‘ Jibril came to him (the Holy prophet) on the first day with the first time and on the last day with the last time. Jibril then said, ‘In between there are times for Salah (prayer).’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘O Humran, Zurarah says that Jibril came to the Messenger of Allah only to give him an indication. Zurarah is right. Allah left it to Muhammad, O Allah grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, who made the determination. Jibril provided him with an indication about it.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/27)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلاَّنٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَصَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ مِنَ الأشْيَاءِ أَشْيَاءَ مُوَسَّعَةً وَأَشْيَاءَ مُضَيَّقَةً فَالصَّلاَةُ مِمَّا وُسِّعَ فِيهِ تُقَدَّمُ مَرَّةً وَتُؤَخَّرُ أُخْرَى وَالْجُمُعَةُ مِمَّا ضُيِّقَ فِيهَا فَإِنَّ وَقْتَهَا يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ سَاعَةُ تَزُولُ وَوَقْتَ الْعَصْرِ فِيهَا وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ فِي غَيْرِهَا.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn ‘Allan from Hammad ibn ‘Isa and from Safwan ibn Yahya from Rib‘i ibn ‘Abd Allah from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Of the things certain ones are of a longer timing and others are of shorter timing. Salah (prayer) is of longer timing. It can be performed earlier and later. Friday Salah (prayer) is of a short timing. On Friday its time is a Sa‘ah which then vanish. The time for al-‘Asr Salah (prayer) on Friday is the time for al-Dhuhr on other days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/27)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ وَقْتَانِ وَأَوَّلُ الْوَقْتِ أَفْضَلُهُ وَلَيْسَ لأَحَدٍ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ آخِرَ الْوَقْتَيْنِ وَقْتاً إِلاَّ فِي عُذْرٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ عِلَّةٍ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘For every Salah (prayer) there are two kinds of timings; the beginning of time is the outstanding one, and no one has the right to call the end of two kinds of timings as a time, without good reason, and for no reason.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/28)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ أَوِ ابْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ وَقْتَانِ أَوَّلُ الْوَقْتِ أَفْضَلُهُمَا.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar or ibn Wahab who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For every Salah (prayer) there are two kinds of timings and the outstanding one is the beginning of time.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/29)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) أَصْلَحَكَ الله وَقْتُ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ أَوَّلُ الْوَقْتِ أَفْضَلُ أَوْ أَوْسَطُهُ أَوْ آخِرُهُ فَقَالَ أَوَّلُهُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُحِبُّ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ مَا يُعَجَّلُ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once said to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep you well, of the timing for Salah (prayer), what portion is better? Is it the beginning, the middle or the end of time?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the beginning of it; the Messenger of Allah has said, “Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, loves of good things the most that which is done earlier.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/29)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ قُتَيْبَةَ الأعْشَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ فَضْلَ الْوَقْتِ الأوَّلِ عَلَى الآخِرِ كَفَضْلِ الآخِرَةِ عَلَى الدُّنْيَا.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salmah ibn al-Khattab from Ali ibn Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from his father from Qutaybah al-‘A’sha’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The outstanding quality of the beginning of the time for Salah (prayer) is like the outstanding quality of the next life compared to the worldly life.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/29)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأزْدِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) لَفَضْلُ الْوَقْتِ الأوَّلِ عَلَى الأخِيرِ خَيْرٌ لِلرَّجُلِ مِنْ وَلَدِهِ وَمَالِهِ.


7. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ishaq from Bakr ibn Muhammad al-Azdiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The outstanding quality of the beginning of time for Salah (prayer) compared with the end of time for Salah (prayer) is better for a man than his children and belongings.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/29)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) اعْلَمْ أَنَّ أَوَّلَ الْوَقْتِ أَبَداً أَفْضَلُ فَعَجِّلْ بِالْخَيْرِ مَا اسْتَطَعْتَ وَأَحَبُّ الأعْمَالِ إِلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَا دَاوَمَ الْعَبْدُ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ قَلَّ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must note that the beginning of time always is better, so act faster for the good as much as you can. The most beloved of deeds in the sight of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, is that which a servant continues even if it is very little.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (15/30)



9ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ وَغَيْرُهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنِ اهْتَمَّ بِمَوَاقِيتِ الصَّلاَةِ لَمْ يَسْتَكْمِلْ لَذَّةَ الدُّنْيَا.


9. Ahmad ibn Idris and others have narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from his father from Mansur ibn Hazim or others who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said,


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/30)