45. The Dead Bodies of Men, Women, Children and Slaves (For such Ahadith about an act or issue of the five categories of deeds of the quality of Wujub (Obligatory), Hurmat (Prohibited), Istihbab (Preference), Kirahat (Detestability) or Ibahah (Permissibility) one must consult fatwas of one’s Mujtahid.)

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ كَيْفَ يُصَلَّى عَلَى الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ قَالَ يُوضَعُ الرَّجُلُ مِمَّا يَلِي الرِّجَالَ وَالنِّسَاءُ خَلْفَ الرِّجَالِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about performing Salah (prayer) for the dead bodies of men and women. He (the Imam) said, ’The dead bodies of men are placed near men and those of women behind the (dead) men.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/25)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارٍ السَّابَاطِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي عَلَى مَيِّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاَثَةِ أَمْوَاتٍ كَيْفَ يُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ ثَلاَثَةً أَوِ اثْنَيْنِ أَوْ عَشَرَةً أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَلْيُصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلاَةً وَاحِدَةً يُكَبِّرُ عَلَيْهِمْ خَمْسَ تَكْبِيرَاتٍ كَمَا يُصَلِّي عَلَى مَيِّتٍ وَاحِدٍ وَقَدْ صَلَّى عَلَيْهِمْ جَمِيعاً يَضَعُ مَيِّتاً وَاحِداً ثُمَّ يَجْعَلُ الآخَرَ إِلَى أَلْيَةِ الأوَّلِ ثُمَّ يَجْعَلُ رَأْسَ الثَّالِثِ إِلَى أَلْيَةِ الثَّانِي شِبْهَ الْمَدْرَجِ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنْهُمْ كُلِّهِمْ مَا كَانُوا فَإِذَا سَوَّاهُمْ هَكَذَا قَامَ فِي الْوَسَطِ فَكَبَّرَ خَمْسَ تَكْبِيرَاتٍ يَفْعَلُ كَمَا يَفْعَلُ إِذَا صَلَّى عَلَى مَيِّتٍ وَاحِدٍ سُئِلَ فَإِنْ كَانَ الْمَوْتَى رِجَالاً وَنِسَاءً قَالَ يَبْدَأُ بِالرِّجَالِ فَيَجْعَلُ رَأْسَ الثَّانِي إِلَى أَلْيَةِ الأوَّلِ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ كُلِّهِمْ ثُمَّ يَجْعَلُ رَأْسَ الْمَرْأَةِ إِلَى أَلْيَةِ الرَّجُلِ الأخِيرِ ثُمَّ يَجْعَلُ رَأْسَ الْمَرْأَةِ الأخْرَى إِلَى أَلْيَةِ الْمَرْأَةِ الأولَى حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنْهُمْ كُلِّهِمْ فَإِذَا سَوَّى هَكَذَا قَامَ فِي الْوَسَطِ وَسَطِ الرِّجَالِ فَكَبَّرَ وَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِمْ كَمَا يُصَلِّي عَلَى مَيِّتٍ وَاحِدٍ وَسُئِلَ عَنْ مَيِّتٍ صُلِّيَ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا سَلَّمَ الإِمَامُ فَإِذَا الْمَيِّتُ مَقْلُوبٌ رِجْلاَهُ إِلَى مَوْضِعِ رَأْسِهِ قَالَ يُسَوَّى وَتُعَادُ الصَّلاَةُ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ حُمِلَ مَا لَمْ يُدْفَنْ فَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ دُفِنَ فَقَدْ مَضَتِ الصَّلاَةُ لاَ يُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ مَدْفُونٌ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Ahmad ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar al-Sabatiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of one who performs Salah (prayer) for one or two or three dead bodies, how is he to perform them. He (the Imam) said, ‘If there are three or two or ten or less or more, he performs one Salah (prayer) with five Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) just as it is done for one deceased, and in so doing one has performed Salah (prayer) for all of them. The body of one deceased man is placed on the ground, the other is placed parallel to the hips of the first one and the head of the third is placed parallel to the hips of the second one similar to a ladder, until all of them are in place. When this is done, he then stands up in the middle and says five Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) doing what is done for one deceased person.’ It then was asked, ‘How Salah (prayer) is performed if there are the dead bodies of both men and women. He (the Imam) said, ‘First, the bodies of men are arranged by placing the head of the second dead body parallel to the hips of the first one. When all the bodies of men are arranged in this way, then the head of the dead body of the first woman is placed parallel to the hips of the dead body of the last man, then the head of the other woman parallel to the hips of the first woman until all of them are arranged in this way. Then he stands in the middle, the middle of men, says Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) and performs Salah (prayer) for them just as performing Salah (prayer) for one deceased person.’ He (the Imam) was asked about the case of a dead body that was found after Salah (prayer) with his head in place of his leg. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is corrected and Salah (prayer) is performed again, even if the body is carried away but is not buried yet. Once the body is buried, time of Salah (prayer) is passed, and Salah (prayer) is not performed after burial.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/25)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ إِذَا صَلَّى عَلَى الْمَرْأَةِ وَالرَّجُلِ قَدَّمَ الْمَرْأَةَ وَأَخَّرَ الرَّجُلَ وَإِذَا صَلَّى عَلَى الْعَبْدِ وَالْحُرِّ قَدَّمَ الْعَبْدَ وَأَخَّرَ الْحُرَّ وَإِذَا صَلَّى عَلَى الْكَبِيرِ وَالصَّغِيرِ قَدَّمَ الصَّغِيرَ وَأَخَّرَ الْكَبِيرَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Talhah ibn Zayd who has said the following: “When abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, performed Salah (prayer) for a deceased man and a deceased woman, he (the Imam) would set forward woman, then the man. In the case of a slave and a free person, he (the Imam) would set forward the slave, then the free: and in the case of grown up and a minor, he set forward the minor then the grown up.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/28)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما الْسَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ كَيْفَ يُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ الرِّجَالُ أَمَامَ النِّسَاءِ مِمَّا يَلِي الإِمَامَ يُصَفُّ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى أَثَرِ بَعْضٍ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of deceased men and women as to how Salah (prayer) is performed for them. He (the Imam) said, ‘Men are placed before women from the side of the Imam in a queue one after the other.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/29)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فِي جَنَائِزِ الرِّجَالِ وَالصِّبْيَانِ وَالنِّسَاءِ قَالَ يَضَعُ النِّسَاءَ مِمَّا يَلِي الْقِبْلَةَ وَالصِّبْيَانَ دُونَهُمْ وَالرِّجَالَ دُونَ ذَلِكَ وَيَقُومُ الإِمَامُ مِمَّا يَلِي الرِّجَالَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “About the case of the dead bodies of men, children and women, abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Women are placed first from the direction of al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah). Then the children, and then men are placed, and the Imam stands next to the dead bodied of men.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/29)



6ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) عَنْ جَنَائِزِ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ إِذَا اجْتَمَعَتْ فَقَالَ يُقَدَّمُ الرِّجَالُ فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام).


6. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the dead bodies of men and women collected together. He (the Imam) said, ‘The dead bodied of men are placed first, according to the book of Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (14/29)