Al-Kāfi - Volume 7

Author: Shaykh Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb b. Isḥāq al-Kulaynī (d. 329 AH)
Translator: Shaykh Muhammad Sarwar

The Book of Wills

1. The Will and What it Must Consist of

2. The Witness for the Will

3. A Man Makes a Will and Appoints an Executor but he Refuses to Accept it

4. The Owner is more Rightful to his Property as Long as he is Living

5. Making a Will for the Heir

6. The Matters for which one can Make a Will and what is Preferable in the Issue

7. Another Chapter

8. A Man Makes a Will, then Cancels it

9. If the Beneficiary of a Will dies before the Death of the Testator or before Taking Possession

10. Executing the Will as it Requires

11. Another Chapter

12. Another Chapter

13. A Will for Setting free Slaves, Charity or al-Hajj

14. The Executor of the Will must Correct the Possible Violation of the Law in the Will

15. An Executor of the Will is held Responsible for Changing a Lawful Will

16. Al-Mudabbar (the Slave for whose Freedom Death of the Master is a Condition) is from One Third of the Legacy

17. First the Shroud, then Debts, then Will is paid for from the Legacy

18. The Will and Debts

19. One Who Sets Free a Slave and He is Indebted

20. The Will about a Contracted Slave

21. The Will of Immature Boys and Girls, the Lawful and Unlawful Matters in it

22. Will in Favor of Mothers of Children

23. The Matters Permissible in Endowment, Charity, Gift, Present, Providing Conditional Housing and Matters Permissible or otherwise for a Child and others

24. The Will for a Part of One’s Assets

25. The Will about Something of One’s Legacy

26. The Will about a Share of One’s Legacy

27. One in His Illness Confesses His Indebtedness to One of his Heirs

28. When certain ones of the Heirs Confirm Freeing of a Slave or Debts

29. The Case of One Who Leaves very Little Legacy with a Larger Amount of Debt and Dependents

30. Another Chapter

31. The Adults whose Will is not Acceptable

32. Distribution of What is Bequeathed To Relatives

33. The Case of one who Makes a Bequest for an Adult with whom a Child must Share

34. The Case of One’s Appointing Two Executors for the Will, Each of whom Deals with a Certain Portion of the Legacy

35. Charities of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, Fatimah and ‘A’immah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam

36. Things that Reach a Deceased after his Death

37. The Rare Ahadith

38. The Case of One who Dies without a Will, Leaves behind Small Heirs and it is Sold upon Him

39. The Executor of the Will Hands over the Assets of Children who were Small, now Adults, but they Refuse to Take Charge, the Children who Become Adults but are not Found to be of Proper Understanding, the Limit of Adulthood

The Book of Inheritance

1. The Ordained Shares

2. The Legacy Comes from the Share of the One Nearest in Relationship to Him and that the Owner of Ordained Share is more Deserving than those who do not have any Ordained Share

3. Obligations are not Fulfilled without the Sword

4. The Rare Ahadith

5. Invalidity of Deficiency (in the Ordained Shares)

6. Another Chapter on Invalidity of al-‘Awl (deficiency or excess) and the Ordained Shares are not more than Six

7. Knowing to Avoid Deficiency

8. With the Existence of a Child and Parents no one Else Inherits Except a Husband and Wife

9. The Reason Why Ordained Shares are not more than Six

10. The Reason Why a Male’s Share is Twice the Share of a Female

11. The Legacy is Just for the Eldest Son

12. The Share of Children from the Legacy

13. The Share of Grandchildren in the legacy

14. Inheritance of Parents

15. Inheritance of Parents with Brothers and Sisters from the Father and Brothers and Sisters from the Mother

16. The Inheritance of a Son with both Parents

17. Inheritance of the Son, with Husband and Woman and Both Parents

18. Inheritance of Parents with Husband and Wife

19. AI-Kalalah (Burdensome one’s in Inheritance)

20. Inheritance of Brothers and Sisters with Children

21. Inheritance of the Grandfather

22. Brothers from a Mother with the Grandfather

23. Son of a Brother with a Grandfather

24. Inheritance of Relatives

25. A Woman Leaves Behind Just her Husband

26. A Deceased Leaves behind Just his Wife

27. Women do not Inherit Anything from Real Property

28. Dispute of Man and Woman over Household Items

29. The Rare Ahadith

30. Inheritance of a Boy and a Girl who are not yet Mature

31. The Inheritance of a Married and Mature Female before going to Bed

32. Inheritance of Women Divorced during Illness or without Illness

33. Inheritance of Relatives with Mawali

34. Inheritance of People Drowned and because of the Collapse of a Structure on them

35. Inheritance of People Killed, those who Inherit and those who do not Inherit from the Wergild

36. The Inheritance of a Killer

37. Inheritance of People of other Religions

38. Another Chapter on Inheritance of People of other Religions

39. The Inheritance of the People of Religion among them according to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Holy Prophet

40. If a Deceased Leaves Behind Muslim and non-Muslim Heirs

41. Inheritance of Slaves

42. The Free and Slaves do not Inherit each other

43. Deceased leaves Behind One Free and One Owned Heir

44. Another Chapter

45. The Inheritance Due to Special Contract

46. Inheritance of an Apostate

47. Inheritance of One who is Lost

48. Inheritance of the Crying Newborn Child

49. Inheritance of Hermaphrodite

50. Another Chapter

51. Another Chapter

52. Another Chapter

53. Inheritance of the Child of Parents who Condemn Each other (al -Mula‘anah (condemnation))

54. Another Chapter about the Child of Mula‘anah (condemnation)

55. Another Chapter

56. Inheritance of a Child from Fornication

57. Another Chapter

58. Another Chapter

59. The Case of a Child Carried away from his Birthplace ( al-Hamil )

60. Confirming of Certain Heir a Debt

61. Another Chapter

62. One who Dies without Leaving Behind any Heirs

63. Another Chapter

64. The Guardianship of One who Sets One Free

65. Guardianship of Sa’ibah (Unconditionally Freed Slave)

66. Another Chapter

The Book of Legal Penalties

The Book of Compensations

The Book of Testimony

1. The First Certificate that was Written on Earth

2. The Case of Man who is Summoned to Testify

3. Hiding the Testimony

4. The Case of a Man who hears a Testimony but does not Witness it

5. The Case of a Man who Forgets his Bearing Testimony but Recognizes his Handwriting

6. False Testimony

7. The Case of One who Testifies, then Retracts it

8. The Case of the Testimony of One Person and the Oath of the Plaintiff

9. Another Chapter

10. Presenting Testimony for the Creditors

11. Testimony of Children

12. Testimony of Slaves

13. That which is Acceptable of the Testimony of Women and that, which is not Acceptable

14. Testimony of Woman for her Husband and the Testimony of Man for his Wife

15. Testimony of a Father for his Son or a Son’s Testimony for his Father and Testimony of a brother for his Brother

16. Testimony of a Business Partner, one Wageworker and the Executor of the Will

17. The Witnesses who are Rejected

18. The Testimony of an Accuser and an Ex-convict

19. Testimony of the Members of all other Nations

20. Another Chapter

21. Testimony of a Blind and Speechless

22. A Man Bears Testimony against a Woman without Looking at Her Face

23. The Rare Ahadith

The Book of Adjudication and Rules

1. The Authority to Govern Rests with the Imam Only

2. Kinds of Judges

3. The Case of one who Judges by Means of what is other than what Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has Revealed

4. One Who Issues Fatwa is Responsible

5. Accepting a Bribe for Issuing Judgments

6. Committing Injustice in Issuing a Judgment

7. The Undesirability of Sitting near the Unjust Judges

8. The Undesirability of Taking a case before the Unjust Judges

9. Adjudication Disciplines

10. Judgments must be Issued on the Basis of Testimony and Oath

11. Establishing Testimony is on the Plaintiff and Oath is on the Defendant

12. Complaint against a Deceased

13. One who Does not have Testimony, then Oath is Turned on Him

14. One who has Testimony there is no Oath on Him

15. If one Agrees with an Oath that is Taken, it Dismisses his Claim even if he has Testimony

16. The Case of Two People who Claim for Something Each one with Testimony

17. Another Chapter

18. Another Chapter

19. The Rare Ahadith

The Book of Oaths, Vows and Expiations

1. The Undesirability of Swearing

2. The False Oath

3. Another Chapter

4. An Oath is not Valid except by Allah, One who does not Agree with Allah is not of Allah

5. The Detestability of Swearing in the form of Denouncing Allah and His Messenger, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause

6. Kinds of Swearing

7. The Binding Consequence of Oath and Vows

8. The Meaningless Matters

9. The Case when one Takes an Oath, then Finds something Better

10. The Intention for an Oath

11. Tne must Take an Oath only for what He Knows

12. The Oath that Obligates one to Pay Expiation

13. Making an Exception in an Oath

14. It is not Permissible to take an Oath by anything other than by Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious

15. Making the People of the Book to take Oath

16. Kaffarah (expiation) for Swearing

17. Forming a Commitment

18. The Rare Ahadith