18. The Testimony of an Accuser and an Ex-convict

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْقَاذِفِ بَعْدَ مَا يُقَامُ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدُّ مَا تَوْبَتُهُ قَالَ يُكْذِبُ نَفْسَهُ قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ أَكْذَبَ نَفْسَهُ وَتَابَ أَتُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about an accuser who is convicted and subjected to penalty and about what his repentance is. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must call his soul a liar.’ I then asked, ‘If he calls his soul a liar and repents, is then his testimony acceptable ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it then becomes acceptable. 5 ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/251)



2- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ وَحَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَقْذِفُ الرَّجُلَ فَيُجْلَدُ حَدّاً ثُمَّ يَتُوبُ وَلا يُعْلَمُ مِنْهُ إِلا خَيْراً أَتَجُوزُ شَهَادَتُهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ مَا يُقَالُ عِنْدَكُمْ قُلْتُ يَقُولُونَ تَوْبَتُهُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ اللهِ وَلا تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُ أَبَداً فَقَالَ بِئْسَ مَا قَالُوا كَانَ أَبِي يَقُولُ إِذَا تَابَ وَلَمْ يُعْلَمْ مِنْهُ إِلا خَيْراً جَازَتْ شَهَادَتُهُ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd and Hammad from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who accuses a man, then he is whipped as penalty then he repents and nothing but good is seen from him; if his testimony is acceptable. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is acceptable. What do people in your area say about it ? 5 I replied, ‘They say that his repentance is between him and Allah but his testimony is never acceptable . 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘What they say is bad. My father would say that if he repents and nothing but good is seen from him his testimony is acceptable . 555


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/252)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) شَهِدَ عِنْدَهُ رَجُلٌ وَقَدْ قُطِعَتْ يَدُهُ وَرِجْلُهُ بِشَهَادَةٍ فَأَجَازَ شَهَادَتَهُ وَقَدْ كَانَ تَابَ وَ[قَدْ] عُرِفَتْ تَوْبَتُهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, accepted the testimony of a man whose hand and foot was cut off, he had repented and his repentance had become known . 555


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/252)



4- وَبِهَذَا الإسْنَادِ قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَيْسَ يُصِيبُ أَحَدٌ حَدّاً فَيُقَامُ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَتُوبُ إِلا جَازَتْ شَهَادَتُهُ.


4. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith, the following is narrated: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one is subjected to penalty and he thereafter repents, his testimony becomes admissible . 555


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/253)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الَّذِي يَقْذِفُ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُ بَعْدَ الْحَدِّ إِذَا تَابَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَمَا تَوْبَتُهُ قَالَ يَجِي‏ءُ وَيُكْذِبُ نَفْسَهُ عِنْدَ الإمَامِ وَيَقُولُ قَدِ افْتَرَيْتُ عَلَى فُلانَةَ وَيَتُوبُ مِمَّا قَالَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Tsma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from certain persons of his people who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who accuses married woman: if his testimony after his being subjected to penalty and his repenting is admissible. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is admissible . 5 I then asked, ‘What is his repentance ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘He comes before the Imam and calls his soul a liar and says that he had fabricated against so and so and retracts what he had said , 555


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/253)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْمَحْدُودِ إِنْ تَابَ تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُ فَقَالَ إِذَا تَابَ وَتَوْبَتُهُ أَنْ يَرْجِعَ مِمَّا قَالَ وَيُكْذِبَ نَفْسَهُ عِنْدَ الإمَامِ وَعِنْدَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَإِذَا فَعَلَ فَإِنَّ عَلَى الإمَامِ أَنْ يَقْبَلَ شَهَادَتَهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who is subjected to penalty; then he repents: if his testimony becomes acceptable. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he repents which is retracting what he has said and calls himself a liar before the Imam of the Muslims. When he does this then it is necessary for the Imam to accept his testimony thereafter .


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/253)