6. Committing Injustice in Issuing a Judgment

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَدُ اللهِ فَوْقَ رَأْسِ الْحَاكِمِ تُرَفْرِفُ بِالرَّحْمَةِ فَإِذَا حَافَ وَكَلَهُ اللهُ إِلَى نَفْسِهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from af-Nawfafiy from af-Sakuniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The hand of Allah waves over the head of a governor and a judge because of judgment; but when he acts unjustly then Allah leaves him to his own self.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/271)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَاضٍ كَانَ يَقْضِي بِالْحَقِّ فِيهِمْ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَهُ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ لامْرَأَتِهِ إِذَا أَنَا مِتُّ فَاغْسِلِينِي وَكَفِّنِينِي وَضَعِينِي عَلَى سَرِيرِي وَغَطِّي وَجْهِي فَإِنَّكِ لا تَرَيْنَ سُوءاً فَلَمَّا مَاتَ فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ مَكَثَتْ بِذَلِكَ حِيناً ثُمَّ إِنَّهَا كَشَفَتْ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ لِتَنْظُرَ إِلَيْهِ فَإِذَا هِيَ بِدُودَةٍ تَقْرِضُ مَنْخِرَهُ فَفَزِعَتْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَلَمَّا كَانَ اللَّيْلُ أَتَاهَا فِي مَنَامِهَا فَقَالَ لَهَا أَفْزَعَكِ مَا رَأَيْتِ قَالَتْ أَجَلْ لَقَدْ فَزِعْتُ فَقَالَ لَهَا أَمَا لَئِنْ كُنْتِ فَزِعْتِ مَا كَانَ الَّذِي رَأَيْتِ إِلا فِي أَخِيكِ فُلانٍ أَتَانِي وَمَعَهُ خَصْمٌ لَهُ فَلَمَّا جَلَسَا إِلَيَّ قُلْتُ اللهُمَّ اجْعَلِ الْحَقَّ لَهُ وَوَجِّهِ الْقَضَاءَ عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ فَلَمَّا اخْتَصَمَا إِلَيَّ كَانَ الْحَقُّ لَهُ وَرَأَيْتُ ذَلِكَ بَيِّناً فِي الْقَضَاءِ فَوَجَّهْتُ الْقَضَاءَ لَهُ عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ فَأَصَابَنِي مَا رَأَيْتِ لِمَوْضِعِ هَوَايَ كَانَ مَعَ مُوَافَقَةِ الْحَقِّ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from all from ibn Mahbub from abu Hamzah al-Thumaliy who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said among the Israelites there was a judge who judged with the truth. When his death approached, he said to his woman, ‘When I die, wash my body, shroud me, place me on my bed and cover my head so you do not see anything bad.’ When he died, she followed his instructions and waited for some time; then she opened his face to look at him and found a worm cutting his nostril. She was shocked because of it and at night he came in her dream and asked, ‘Did what you saw shock you?’ She replied, ‘Yes, it shocked me.’ He said, ‘That was because of your brother who had a dispute with another man and they came to me for judgment. Only in my heart, I said, ‘O Lord, make the right to be on his side.’ When they presented their case, the right was on the side of your brother, which I saw clearly in the rules of judgment. Just for what I said in my heart I face the suffering that shocked you even though it was in accordance with the truth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/271)