10. Presenting Testimony for the Creditors

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ الْحَقُّ فَيَجْحَدُهُ حَقَّهُ وَيَحْلِفُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَيْسَ لِصَاحِبِ الْحَقِّ عَلَى حَقِّهِ بَيِّنَةٌ يَجُوزُ لَنَا إِحْيَاءُ حَقِّهِ بِشَهَادَةِ الزُّورِ إِذَا خُشِيَ ذَهَابُهُ فَقَالَ لا يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ لِعِلَّةِ التَّدْلِيسِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from certain persons of his people who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man of truth whose claim is denied. The party swears that he does not owe anything in favor of the owner of right and the owner of right does not have any proof; if we can restore his right by false testimony if there is fear for the loss of his right. He (the Imam) said, Tt is not permissible because of deception.’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/234)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ قُلْتُ لَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ مَوَالِيكَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ لِرَجُلٍ مُخَالِفٍ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَعْسُرَهُ وَيَحْبِسَهُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ عِنْدَهُ وَلا يَقْدِرُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَيْسَ لِغَرِيمِهِ بَيِّنَةٌ هَلْ يَجُوزُ لَهُ أَنْ يَحْلِفَ لَهُ لِيَدْفَعَهُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ حَتَّى يُيَسِّرَ اللهُ لَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ الشُّهُودُ مِنْ مَوَالِيكَ قَدْ عَرَفُوا أَنَّهُ لا يَقْدِرُ هَلْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَشْهَدُوا عَلَيْهِ قَالَ لا يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَشْهَدُوا عَلَيْهِ وَلا يَنْوِيَ ظُلْمَهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Sa‘d ibn Sa‘d from Muhammad ibn al-Qasim ibn al-Fudayl who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is one of his followers and owes to a Mukhalif (opposing) man a certain amount of loan who wants to cause him difficulties and imprison him. He knows that he does not have anything to pay and he is not able to pay but his creditor has no proof, if it is permissible to swear to keep him away from himself until Allah grants him ease and if it is permissible to testify against him. He (the Imam) said, Tt is not permissible to testify against him when he is not intending to be unjust to him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/234)