20. The Will about a Contracted Slave

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي مُكَاتَبٍ كَانَتْ تَحْتَهُ امْرَأَةٌ حُرَّةٌ فَأَوْصَتْ لَهُ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهَا بِوَصِيَّةٍ فَقَالَ أَهْلُ الْمِيرَاثِ لا نُجِيزُ وَصِيَّتَهَا لَهُ إِنَّهُ مُكَاتَبٌ لَمْ يُعْتَقْ وَلا يَرِثُ فَقَضَى بِأَنَّهُ يَرِثُ بِحِسَابِ مَا أُعْتِقَ مِنْهُ وَيَجُوزُ لَهُ مِنَ الْوَصِيَّةِ بِحِسَابِ مَا أُعْتِقَ مِنْهُ وَقَضَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي مُكَاتَبٍ أُوصِيَ لَهُ بِوَصِيَّةٍ وَقَدْ قَضَى نِصْفَ مَا عَلَيْهِ فَأَجَازَ نِصْفَ الْوَصِيَّةِ وَقَضَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي مُكَاتَبٍ قَضَى رُبُعَ مَا عَلَيْهِ فَأُوصِيَ لَهُ بِوَصِيَّةٍ فَأَجَازَ رُبُعَ الْوَصِيَّةِ وَقَالَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ حُرٍّ أَوْصَى لِمُكَاتَبَةٍ وَقَدْ قَضَتْ سُدُسَ مَا كَانَ عَلَيْهَا فَأَجَازَ لَهَا بِحِسَابِ مَا أُعْتِقَ مِنْهَا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Qays who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a contracted slave who is married to a free woman who in her will assigns something for him and the heirs disagree with her will, saying that he is not free but is only contracted and he cannot inherit. Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, issued a judgment that he inherits proportionate to the degree of his freedom according to the contract. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, judged in the case of a contracted slave for whom a will was made and the slave had paid one-half according to the contract. The judgment granted him one-half of the will. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, judged one-fourth of the amount of will in favor of the slave who had paid one-fourth of the amount required according to the contract. About the case of a free man who had made a will for a contracted slave-girl who had paid one-sixth of what was required according to the contract, He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al- Salam, judged in her favor proportionate to what was made free from her.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/45)