38. Another Chapter on Inheritance of People of other Religions

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ نَصْرَانِيٍّ مَاتَ وَلَهُ ابْنُ أَخٍ مُسْلِمٌ وَابْنُ أُخْتٍ مُسْلِمٌ وَلِلنَّصْرَانِيِّ أَوْلادٌ وَزَوْجَةٌ نَصَارَى قَالَ فَقَالَ أَرَى أَنْ يُعْطَى ابْنُ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمُ ثُلُثَيْ مَا تَرَكَ وَيُعْطَى ابْنُ أُخْتِهِ ثُلُثَ مَا تَرَكَ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وُلْدٌ صِغَارٌ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وُلْدٌ صِغَارٌ فَإِنَّ عَلَى الْوَارِثَيْنِ أَنْ يُنْفِقَا عَلَى الصِّغَارِ مِمَّا وَرِثَا مِنْ أَبِيهِمْ حَتَّى يُدْرِكُوا قِيلَ لَهُ كَيْفَ يُنْفِقَانِ قَالَ فَقَالَ يُخْرِجُ وَارِثُ الثُّلُثَيْنِ ثُلُثَيِ النَّفَقَةِ وَيُخْرِجُ وَارِثُ الثُّلُثِ ثُلُثَ النَّفَقَةِ فَإِنْ أَدْرَكُوا قَطَعَا النَّفَقَةَ عَنْهُمْ قِيلَ لَهُ فَإِنْ أَسْلَمَ الأوْلادُ وَهُمْ صِغَارٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ يُدْفَعُ مَا تَرَكَ أَبُوهُمْ إِلَى الإمَامِ حَتَّى يُدْرِكُوا فَإِنْ بَقُوا عَلَى الإسْلامِ دَفَعَ الإمَامُ مِيرَاثَهُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَبْقَوْا عَلَى الإسْلامِ إِذَا أَدْرَكُوا دَفَعَ الإمَامُ مِيرَاثَهُ إِلَى ابْنِ أَخِيهِ وَابْنِ أُخْتِهِ الْمُسْلِمَيْنِ يَدْفَعُ إِلَى ابْنِ أَخِيهِ ثُلُثَيْ مَا تَرَكَ وَيَدْفَعُ إِلَى ابْنِ أُخْتِهِ ثُلُثَ مَا تَرَكَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Malik ibn ’A‘yan, who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a Christian man who has died. The son of his brother is a Muslim and a son of his sister is a Muslim. The Christian man has children and a Christian wife. He (the Imam) said, ’Two-thirds of his legacy must be given to the son of his brother. One-third must be given to the son of his sister if he does not have any children who are small. However, if he has small children, then the heirs must pay for the maintenance of the small children from the legacy their father has left behind until they become mature.’ It then was asked from him (the Imam), ‘How must the two spend?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The one who has received two- thirds must pay two-thirds of the maintenance and the one who has received one-third must pay one- third of maintenance until they become mature at which time they can discontinue payment for them.’ It then was asked, ‘What happens if the children become Muslims when they are small?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Whatever their father has left behind must be given to the Imam until they become mature. If they remain Muslims the Imam gives their legacy to them. However, if they did not remain Muslims when they become mature, the Imam gives the legacy to the son of his brother and the son of his sister who are Muslims. Two-thirds of what is left is given to the son of his brother and one-third of what is left to the son of his sister.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/213)



2- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مُسْلِمٍ مَاتَ وَلَهُ أُمٌّ نَصْرَانِيَّةٌ وَلَهُ زَوْجَةٌ وَوُلْدٌ مُسْلِمُونَ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنْ أَسْلَمَتْ أُمُّهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْسَمَ مِيرَاثُهُ أُعْطِيَتِ السُّدُسَ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ امْرَأَةٌ وَلا وُلْدٌ وَلا وَارِثٌ لَهُ سَهْمٌ فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَأُمُّهُ نَصْرَانِيَّةٌ وَلَهُ قَرَابَةٌ نَصَارَى مِمَّنْ لَهُ سَهْمٌ فِي الْكِتَابِ لَوْ كَانُوا مُسْلِمِينَ لِمَنْ يَكُونُ مِيرَاثُهُ قَالَ إِنْ أَسْلَمَتْ أُمُّهُ فَإِنَّ جَمِيعَ مِيرَاثِهِ لَهَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تُسْلِمْ أُمُّهُ وَأَسْلَمَ بَعْضُ قَرَابَتِهِ مِمَّنْ لَهُ سَهْمٌ فِي الْكِتَابِ فَإِنَّ مِيرَاثَهُ لَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُسْلِمْ مِنْ قَرَابَتِهِ أَحَدٌ فَإِنَّ مِيرَاثَهُ لِلإمَامِ.


2. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ibn Ri’ab from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a Muslim man who has died and his mother is a Christian. He has a wife and Muslim children. He (the Imam) said, ‘If his mother becomes a Muslim before the legacy is distributed, she receives one-sixth.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he does not have a wife and children or an heir with ordained shares in the book and his mother is a Christian and has other Christian relatives of those who have ordained shares in the book had they been Muslims. Who receives his legacy?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If his mother becomes a Muslim, all of his legacy belongs to her; but if she did not become a Muslim instead certain others from his relatives become Muslims of those who have ordained shares according to the book, his legacy belongs to him. If no one from his relatives becomes a Muslim then his legacy belongs to the Imam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/215)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ عَلَى مِيرَاثٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْسَمَ فَلَهُ مِيرَاثُهُ وَإِنْ أَسْلَمَ بَعْدَ مَا قُسِمَ فَلا مِيرَاثَ لَهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one becomes a Muslim before the legacy is distributed, he receives his share but if one becomes a Muslim after the legacy is distributed then there is nothing for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/216)



4- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ الأحْمَرِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ عَلَى مِيرَاثٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْسَمَ الْمِيرَاثُ فَهُوَ لَهُ وَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ بَعْدَ مَا قُسِمَ فَلا مِيرَاثَ لَهُ وَمَنْ أُعْتِقَ عَلَى مِيرَاثٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْسَمَ الْمَوَارِيثُ فَهُوَ لَهُ وَمَنْ أُعْتِقَ بَعْدَ مَا قُسِمَ فَلا مِيرَاثَ لَهُ وَقَالَ فِي الْمَرْأَةِ إِذَا أَسْلَمَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْسَمَ الْمِيرَاثُ فَلَهَا الْمِيرَاثُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Aban al-Ahmar from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘If one becomes a Muslim before the legacy is distributed the legacy belongs to him. If one becomes a Muslim after the legacy is distributed there is no legacy for him. If one is set free before the legacy is distributed it belongs to him but if one is set free after the legacy is distributed then there is no legacy for him.’ About the case of a woman he (the Imam) said, ‘If she becomes a Muslim before the legacy is distributed she receives her share of the legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/216)