36. Things that Reach a Deceased after his Death

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَيْسَ يَتْبَعُ الرَّجُلَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ مِنَ الأجْرِ إِلا ثَلاثُ خِصَالٍ صَدَقَةٌ أَجْرَاهَا فِي حَيَاتِهِ فَهِيَ تَجْرِي بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ وَسُنَّةُ هُدًى سَنَّهَا فَهِيَ يُعْمَلُ بِهَا بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ أَوْ وَلَدٌ صَالِحٌ يَدْعُو لَهُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Mansur from Hisham ibn Salim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nothing of the rewards follow a deceased after his death except three qualities: A charity that he established in his lifetime, it continues after his death; a Sunnah of guidance that he established upon which people act after his death; or a virtuous child who prays for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق على الظاه ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/92)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَيْسَ يَتْبَعُ الرَّجُلَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ مِنَ الأجْرِ إِلا ثَلاثُ خِصَالٍ صَدَقَةٌ أَجْرَاهَا فِي حَيَاتِهِ فَهِيَ تَجْرِي بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ وَصَدَقَةٌ مَبْتُولَةٌ لا تُورَثُ أَوْ سُنَّةُ هُدًى يُعْمَلُ بِهَا بَعْدَهُ أَوْ وَلَدٌ صَالِحٌ يَدْعُو لَهُ. مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ إِلا أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَوْ وَلَدٌ صَالِحٌ يَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nothing follows a deceased after his death except three things: a charity that Allah has made to function in his lifetime which continues after his death, a Sunnah of guidance that one establishes which is acted upon after his death and virtuous children who pray for him.’” Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan from ibn Muskan from Muhammad al-Halabiy from abu ‘Abd Allah, a similar Hadith except that he (the Imam) said, ‘or a child who asks forgiveness for him/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/92)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يَتْبَعُ الرَّجُلَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ إِلا ثَلاثُ خِصَالٍ صَدَقَةٌ أَجْرَاهَا للهِ فِي حَيَاتِهِ فَهِيَ تَجْرِي لَهُ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ وَسُنَّةُ هُدًى سَنَّهَا فَهِيَ يُعْمَلُ بِهَا بَعْدَ وَفَاتِهِ وَوَلَدٌ صَالِحٌ يَدْعُو لَهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nothing follows a deceased after his death except three things: a charity that Allah has made to function in his life time which continues after his death, a Sunnah of guidance that one establishes which is acted upon after his death and virtuous children who pray for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/92)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَا يَلْحَقُ الرَّجُلَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ فَقَالَ سُنَّةٌ سَنَّهَا يُعْمَلُ بِهَا بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ فَيَكُونُ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْتَقِصَ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَالصَّدَقَةُ الْجَارِيَةُ تَجْرِي مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَالْوَلَدُ الصَّالِحُ يَدْعُو لِوَالِدَيْهِ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِمَا وَيَحُجُّ وَيَتَصَدَّقُ عَنْهُمَا وَيُعْتِقُ وَيَصُومُ وَيُصَلِّي عَنْهُمَا فَقُلْتُ أُشْرِكُهُمَا فِي حَجِّي قَالَ نَعَمْ.


4. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about things that follow a deceased after his death. He (the Imam) said, ‘Of the things that follow a deceased after his death is his establishing a Sunnah of guidance which is acted upon after his death. He receives a reward just like the reward received by the one who has acted accordingly without any reduction in the reward of any one of them. Another issue is a perpetual charity that functions after his death, and a virtuous child who prays for his parents after their death, performs al-Hajj, gives charity on their behalf after their death, sets free slaves, fasts and performs Salat (prayer) on their behalf/ I then asked if I can share my al-Hajj with them. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, you can do so/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/92)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي كَهْمَسٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سِتَّةٌ تَلْحَقُ الْمُؤْمِنَ بَعْدَ وَفَاتِهِ وَلَدٌ يَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ وَمُصْحَفٌ يُخَلِّفُهُ وَغَرْسٌ يَغْرِسُهُ وَقَلِيبٌ يَحْفِرُهُ وَصَدَقَةٌ يُجْرِيهَا وَسُنَّةٌ يُؤْخَذُ بِهَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Ya‘qub ibn Yazid from Muhammad ibn Shu’ayb from abu Kahmas who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Six things follow a believing deceased after his death: a child that asks forgiveness for him, a book that he leaves behind, a plantation that he plants, a well that he digs, a charity that he establishes and a Sunnah which is acted upon after his death/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/93)