14. Inheritance of Parents

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ وَأَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ أَبَوَيْهِ قَالَ لِلأبِ سَهْمَانِ وَلِلأمِّ سَهْمٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub, a number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn Ri’ab and abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his parents, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The father receives two shares and the mother receives one share.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/138)



2- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَرَكَ أُمَّهُ وَأَخَاهُ قَالَ يَا شَيْخُ تُرِيدُ عَلَى الْكِتَابِ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يُعْطِي الْمَالَ الأقْرَبَ فَالأقْرَبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَالأخُ لا يَرِثُ شَيْئاً قَالَ قَدْ أَخْبَرْتُكَ أَنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَانَ يُعْطِي الْمَالَ الأقْرَبَ فَالأقْرَبَ.


2. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Hammad ibn ‘Isa who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who leaves behind his mother and brother. He (the Imam) said, ‘O Shaykh, do you want the answer according to the book?’ He (the narrator) has said that I said, ‘Yes, I want it according to the book.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would give the legacy to the nearest relative.’ I then asked, ‘So, the brother does not inherit?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I just informed you that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would give the legacy to the nearest relative.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/138)



3- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مِسْكِينٍ عَنْ مُشْمَعِلِّ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ تَرَكَ أَبَوَيْهِ قَالَ هِيَ مِنْ ثَلاثَةِ أَسْهُمٍ لِلأمِّ سَهْمٌ وَلِلأبِ سَهْمَانِ.


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hassan ibn Hammad from ibn Miskin from Mushma‘il ibn Sa‘d from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his parents, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is from three shares, one share for the mother and two for the father.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/139)