3. A Man Makes a Will and Appoints an Executor but he Refuses to Accept it

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنْ أَوْصَى رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَجُلٍ وَهُوَ غَائِبٌ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَرُدَّ وَصِيَّتَهُ فَإِنْ أَوْصَى إِلَيْهِ وَهُوَ بِالْبَلَدِ فَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ قَبِلَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ لَمْ يَقْبَلْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Rib‘iy from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “If one makes a will and appoints a certain person as the executor of the will who is not present in town he cannot refuse to accept the appointment, but if he is town he has the choice to accept or refuse it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/12)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنْ فُضَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ يُوصَى إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ إِذَا بُعِثَ بِهَا إِلَيْهِ مِنْ بَلَدٍ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ رَدُّهَا وَإِنْ كَانَ فِي مِصْرٍ يُوجَدُ فِيهِ غَيْرُهُ فَذَلِكَ إِلَيْهِ.


2. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated it from al-Fadf ibn Shadhan, from ibn abu ‘Umayr, from Rib‘iy, from Fudayl who has narrated the following: “It is about the case of a man who is appointed in a will as the executor a will. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If the appointment is sent to him from another town he cannot refuse to accept the appointment, but if it is from the same town then it is up to him to accept or reject it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/12)



3- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا أَوْصَى الرَّجُلُ إِلَى أَخِيهِ وَهُوَ غَائِبٌ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَرُدَّ عَلَيْهِ وَصِيَّتَهُ لأنَّهُ لَوْ كَانَ شَاهِداً فَأَبَى أَنْ يَقْبَلَهَا طَلَبَ غَيْرَهُ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ’Amirah from Mansur ibn Hazim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man makes a will in which he appoints his brother as the executor when he is absent, he cannot refuse the appointment for if he was present and refused, another person could have been appointed as the executor.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/12)



4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُوصَى إِلَيْهِ قَالَ إِذَا بُعِثَ بِهَا مِنْ بَلَدٍ إِلَيْهِ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ رَدُّهَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Qasim ibn al-Fudayl from Rib’iy from al-Fudayl who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who is appointed as the executor of the will abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘If the appointment is sent from one town to another town he cannot refuse to accept the appointment.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/13)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُوصِي إِلَى رَجُلٍ بِوَصِيَّةٍ فَيَكْرَهُ أَنْ يَقْبَلَهَا فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يَخْذُلْهُ عَلَى هَذِهِ الْحَالِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Flisham ibn Salim who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who is appointed as the executor in a will but he dislikes it, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He must not betray him in such condition.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/13)



6- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الرَّيَّانِ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ دَعَاهُ وَالِدُهُ إِلَى قَبُولِ وَصِيَّتِهِ هَلْ لَهُ أَنْ يَمْتَنِعَ مِنْ قَبُولِ وَصِيَّتِهِ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَمْتَنِعَ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn al-Rayyan who has narrated the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who asks his father to accept his appointment as the executor of his will; if he can refuse to accept the appointment. He (the Imam) signed the answer that said, ‘He cannot refuse.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/13)