7. Knowing to Avoid Deficiency

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ قَالَ قَالَ زُرَارَةُ إِذَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تُلْقِيَ الْعَوْلَ فَإِنَّمَا يَدْخُلُ النُّقْصَانُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَهُمُ الزِّيَادَةُ مِنَ الْوُلْدِ وَالإخْوَةِ مِنَ الأبِ وَأَمَّا الزَّوْجُ وَالإخْوَةُ مِنَ الأمِّ فَإِنَّهُمْ لا يُنْقَصُونَ مِمَّا سَمَّى لَهُمُ [اللهُ] شَيْئاً.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ’Udhaynah who has said that Zurarah has said, the following: “If you wish to deal with deficiency it is compensated from the share of those who have more, like children and brothers from the father. The husband and brothers from the mother do not compensate the deficiency from their ordained shares which Allah has mentioned.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موقوف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/125)



2- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ سَالِمٍ الأشَلِّ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَدْخَلَ الْوَالِدَيْنِ عَلَى جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ الْمَوَارِيثِ فَلَمْ يَنْقُصْهُمَا مِنَ السُّدُسِ [شَيْئاً] وَأَدْخَلَ الزَّوْجَ وَالْمَرْأَةَ فَلَمْ يَنْقُصْهُمَا مِنَ الرُّبُعِ وَالثُّمُنِ [شَيْئاً].


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah, from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from abu al-Mighra’ from Ibrahim ibn Maymun from Salim al-Ashal who has narrated the following: “He had heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has placed the parents with all other heirs and [nothing] from their one-sixth is reduced. He has placed husband and wife with heirs and [nothing] is reduced from one-fourth and one-eighth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/125)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَرْبَعَةٌ لا يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِمْ ضَرَرٌ فِي الْمِيرَاثِ الْوَالِدَانِ وَالزَّوْجُ وَالْمَرْأَةُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Nothing is reduced from the ordained shares of four people: the parents and the husband and the wife.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/126)



4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ بْنِ أَبِي مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَدْخَلَ الأبَوَيْنِ عَلَى جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ الْفَرَائِضِ فَلَمْ يَنْقُصْهُمَا مِنَ السُّدُسِ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا وَأَدْخَلَ الزَّوْجَ وَالزَّوْجَةَ عَلَى جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ الْمَوَارِيثِ فَلَمْ يَنْقُصْهُمَا مِنَ الرُّبُعِ وَالثُّمُنِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Durust ibn abu Mansur from abu al-Mighra’ from a man who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has placed parents with all other heirs who have ordained shares and nothing is reduced from their one-sixth for each parent and He has placed a husband and wife with all other heirs but nothing is reduced from one-fourth and one-eighth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/126)