22. A Man Bears Testimony against a Woman without Looking at Her Face

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَخِيهِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأوَّلِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِالشَّهَادَةِ عَلَى إِقْرَارِ الْمَرْأَةِ وَلَيْسَتْ بِمُسْفِرَةٍ إِذَا عُرِفَتْ بِعَيْنِهَا أَوْ حَضَرَ مَنْ يَعْرِفُهَا فَأَمَّا إِنْ لا تُعْرَفْ بِعَيْنِهَا وَلا يَحْضُرْ مَنْ يَعْرِفُهَا فَلا يَجُوزُ لِلشُّهُودِ أَنْ يَشْهَدُوا عَلَيْهَا وَعَلَى إِقْرَارِهَا دُونَ أَنْ تُسْفِرَ وَيَنْظُرُوا إِلَيْهَا.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from his brother Ja‘far ibn ‘Isa ibn Yaqtin who has narrated the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Awwal, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has pronounced this fatwa. ’Bearing testimony to the confession of a woman, whose face is not open, if one knows her in person or the one who is present knows her, is not harmful. However, if she is not known in person and no one present knows her, then bearing testimony against her or against her confession is not permissible without her face being uncovered so that he can look at her face/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/257)