31. The Inheritance of a Married and Mature Female before going to Bed

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1- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فِي الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا وَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ بِهَا قَالَ لَهَا نِصْفُ الصَّدَاقِ وَلَهَا الْمِيرَاثُ وَعَلَيْهَا الْعِدَّةُ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash ‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from Safwan from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from a man who has narrated the following: “About the case of a woman whose husband has died before going to bed with her, Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that she receives one-half of mahr (dower) and her share of inheritance and she must complete ‘Iddah (waiting period).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/196)



2- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ تُوُفِّيَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِامْرَأَتِهِ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ فَرَضَ لَهَا مَهْراً فَلَهَا النِّصْفُ وَهِيَ تَرِثُهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ فَرَضَ لَهَا مَهْراً فَلا مَهْرَ لَهَا وَهُوَ يَرِثُهَا.


2. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ‘Uthman from ibn abu Ya’fur who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a man who dies before going to bed with his wife. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If mahr (dower) was assigned for her, she receives one-half as well as her share of inheritance but if mahr (dower) was not assigned she does not have any mahr (dower) but inherits from the legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/196)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ وَتَحْتَهُ الْمَرْأَةُ لَمْ يَدْخُلْ بِهَا قَالَ لَهَا نِصْفُ الْمَهْرِ وَلَهَا الْمِيرَاثُ كَامِلا.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and has a wife with whom he has not gone to bed, one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘She must receive one-half of her mahr (dower) and complete inheritance.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/197)



4- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَتَزَوَّجُ امْرَأَةً وَلَمْ يَفْرِضْ لَهَا صَدَاقاً فَمَاتَ عَنْهَا أَوْ طَلَّقَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا مَا لَهَا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ لَهَا صَدَاقٌ وَهِيَ تَرِثُهُ وَيَرِثُهَا.


4. Al-Husayn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali and Muhammad ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from all from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has narrated the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who dies and has a wife with whom he has not gone to bed. He (the Imam) said, ‘She does not receive any mahr (dower) but she receives complete inheritance and he can inherit her legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/197)