32. Distribution of What is Bequeathed To Relatives

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ كَانَ لَهُ ابْنَانِ فَمَاتَ أَحَدُهُمَا وَلَهُ وُلْدٌ ذُكُورٌ وَإِنَاثٌ فَأَوْصَى لَهُمْ جَدُّهُمْ بِسَهْمِ أَبِيهِمْ فَهَذَا السَّهْمُ الذَّكَرُ وَالأنْثَى فِيهِ سَوَاءٌ أَمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأنْثَيَيْنِ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يُنْفِذُونَ وَصِيَّةَ جَدِّهِمْ كَمَا أَمَرَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ قَالَ وَكَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ لَهُ وُلْدٌ ذُكُورٌ وَإِنَاثٌ فَأَقَرَّ لَهُمْ بِضَيْعَةٍ أَنَّهَا لِوُلْدِهِ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ أَنَّهَا بَيْنَهُمْ عَلَى سِهَامِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَفَرَائِضِهِ الذَّكَرُ وَالأنْثَى فِيهِ سَوَاءٌ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يُنْفِذُونَ فِيهَا وَصِيَّةَ أَبِيهِمْ عَلَى مَا سَمَّى فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ سَمَّى شَيْئاً رَدُّوهَا إِلَى كِتَابِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad who has narrated the following: “I once wrote to abu Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked about the case of a man who has two sons. One of them dies, leaving behind male and female children, and the grandfather bequests for them the share of their father, if male and female in this share are equal or if the male has twice the share of the female. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, signed the answer that said, ‘The will of their grandfather must be executed by the will of Allah.’ He (the narrator) has said that a man wrote to him (the Imam) about the case of a man who has male and female children and he confirms that a piece of property belongs to his children without mentioning if it is according to the share Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has determined or male and female share it equally.’ He (the Imam) signed the answer that said, ‘They must execute the will of their father according to what he has mentioned. However, if he has not mentioned anything they must refer to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/76)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى قَالَ كَتَبَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ أَوْصَى بِثُلُثِ مَالِهِ لِمَوَالِيهِ وَلِمَوْلَيَاتِهِ الذَّكَرُ وَالأنْثَى فِيهِ سَوَاءٌ أَوْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأنْثَيَيْنِ مِنَ الْوَصِيَّةِ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) جَائِزٌ لِلْمَيِّتِ مَا أَوْصَى بِهِ عَلَى مَا أَوْصَى بِهِ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated the following: “Once Muhammad ibn al-Hassan wrote to abu Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has bequeathed one-third of his legacy to his male and female slaves; if they share it equally or the share of the male is twice the share of female. He (the Imam) signed the answer that said, ‘It is binding and permissible for the deceased what he has bequeathed in the manner he has bequeathed, by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/77)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى بِثُلُثِ مَالِهِ فِي أَعْمَامِهِ وَأَخْوَالِهِ فَقَالَ لأعْمَامِهِ الثُّلُثَانِ وَلأخْوَالِهِ الثُّلُثُ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a man who bequests one-third of his legacy to his paternal and maternal uncles. Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The paternal uncle receive two-thirds and the maternal uncle receives one-third.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/77)