12. The Share of Children from the Legacy

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ وَرِثَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عِلْمَ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَوَرِثَتْ فَاطِمَةُ (عَلَيْهِا السَّلام) تَرِكَتَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, inherited the knowledge of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and Fatimah, Alayha al-Salam, inherited his legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/132)



2- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ حَيْدَرٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَنْ وَرِثَ رَسُولَ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ فَاطِمَةُ (عَلَيْهِا السَّلام) وَوَرِثَتْهُ مَتَاعَ الْبَيْتِ وَالْخُرْثِيَّ وَكُلَّ مَا كَانَ لَهُ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan from Ali ibn Asbat from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn ‘Abd al-Malik, Hayde r from Hamzah ibn Humran who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’Who inherited the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause?’ He (the Imam) said, ’Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, inherited his household assets and all that belonged to him (the Messenger of Allah).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/132)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ رَجُلا أَرْمَانِيّاً مَاتَ وَأَوْصَى إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ لِي وَمَا الأرْمَانِيُّ قُلْتُ نَبَطِيٌّ مِنْ أَنْبَاطِ الْجِبَالِ مَاتَ وَأَوْصَى إِلَيَّ بِتَرِكَتِهِ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَتَهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِي أَعْطِهَا النِّصْفَ قَالَ فَأَخْبَرْتُ زُرَارَةَ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لِي اتَّقَاكَ إِنَّمَا الْمَالُ لَهَا قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ بَعْدُ فَقُلْتُ أَصْلَحَكَ اللهُ إِنَّ أَصْحَابَنَا زَعَمُوا أَنَّكَ اتَّقَيْتَنِي فَقَالَ لا وَاللهِ مَا اتَّقَيْتُكَ وَلَكِنِ اتَّقَيْتُ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُضَمَّنَ فَهَلْ عَلِمَ بِذَلِكَ أَحَدٌ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ فَأَعْطِهَا مَا بَقِيَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Salmah ibn Muhriz who has narrated the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that an Armani man has died and has made a will to me. He (the Imam) asked, ‘What is Armaniy?’ I replied, ‘He is a Nabatiy from Nabatiy people of mountains who has died. He has made a will to me about his legacy and has left behind his daughter.’ He (the Imam) said to me, ‘Give her one-half.’ I then informed Zurarah about it and he said, ‘He (the Imam) has been protective ( taqiyah ) of you, otherwise, all the legacy belongs to the daughter.’ He (the narrator) has said that I then visited him (the Imam) afterwards and said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep you well, our people think that you have been protective with me.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, by Allah I have not been protective of you, but I have been protective against you to be held responsible; has anyone had any knowledge of it?’ I replied, ‘No, no one knows.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Give her the rest of her legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/132)



4- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ خِدَاشٍ الْمِنْقَرِيِّ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَتَهُ وَأَخَاهُ قَالَ الْمَالُ لِلابْنَةِ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd Allah ibn Khidash al-Minqariy who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his daughter and his brother. He (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy belongs to his daughter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/133)



5- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَتَهُ وَأُخْتَهُ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ قَالَ الْمَالُ لِلابْنَةِ وَلَيْسَ لِلأخْتِ مِنَ الأبِ وَالأمِّ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his daughter and his sister from his father and mother, he (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy belongs to his daughter and there is nothing for the sister from his father and mother.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/133)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ رَجُلٌ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَتَهُ وَعَمَّهُ قَالَ الْمَالُ لِلابْنَةِ وَلَيْسَ لِلْعَمِّ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَوْ قَالَ لَيْسَ لِلْعَمِّ مَعَ الابْنَةِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Urwah from Burayd al- ‘ Ij liy who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his daughter and uncle. He (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy belongs to his daughter and there is nothing for the uncle, aunt’, or that he (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing for the uncle with the existence of the daughter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/133)



7- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ الطَّائِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ بَيَّاعِ الْقَلانِسِ قَالَ أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ رَجُلٌ وَتَرَكَ خَمْسَمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ أَوْ سِتَّمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَةً وَقَالَ لِي عَصَبَةٌ بِالشَّامِ فَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَعْطِ الابْنَةَ النِّصْفَ وَالْعَصَبَةَ النِّصْفَ الآخَرَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْتُ الْكُوفَةَ أَخْبَرْتُ أَصْحَابَنَا بِقَوْلِهِ فَقَالُوا اتَّقَاكَ فَأَعْطَيْتُ الابْنَةَ النِّصْفَ الآخَرَ ثُمَّ حَجَجْتُ فَلَقِيتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ بِمَا قَالَ أَصْحَابُنَا وَأَخْبَرْتُهُ أَنِّي دَفَعْتُ النِّصْفَ الآخَرَ إِلَى الابْنَةِ فَقَالَ أَحْسَنْتَ إِنَّمَا أَفْتَيْتُكَ مَخَافَةَ الْعَصَبَةِ عَلَيْكَ.


7. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from ‘Abd Alfah ibn Jabalah from ‘Abd Alfah ibn Bukayr from Hamzah ibn Humran from ‘Abd ai-Hamid af-Ta”iy from ‘Abd Affah ibn Muhriz Bayya‘ ai-Qaianisiy who has narrated the foiiowing: “A man made a will about five hundred dirhams or six hundred dirhams, leaving behind his daughter, and told me that his paternal relatives are in Sham. I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about it and he (the Imam) said, ‘Give one-half to his daughter and the other half to his paternal relatives.’ When I returned to al-Kufah, I told our people about it and they said that he (the Imam) has said so because of taqiyah (fear). I then gave the other half to his daughter; then I went for al-Hajj and visited abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. I informed him (the Imam) about what our people had said and that I have given the other half also to his daughter. He (the Imam) said, ‘You have done good. I gave the fatwa that I did because of fear for you from the paternal relatives.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/133)



8- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ رَجُلٌ تَرَكَ ابْنَتَهُ وَأُخْتَهُ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ قَالَ الْمَالُ كُلُّهُ لِلابْنَةِ وَلَيْسَ لِلأخْتِ مِنَ الأبِ وَالأمِّ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


8. Afi ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhriz who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his daughter and his sister from his mother and father. He (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy belongs to his daughter and there is nothing for his sister from his mother and father.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/134)



9- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْكِنْدِيِّ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْمِيثَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ وَهَلَكَ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَةً فَقَالَ أَعْطِ الابْنَةَ النِّصْفَ وَاتْرُكْ لِلْمَوَالِي النِّصْفَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَقَالَ أَصْحَابُنَا لا وَاللهِ مَا لِلْمَوَالِي شَيْ‏ءٌ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ قَابِلٍ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ أَصْحَابَنَا قَالُوا لَيْسَ لِلْمَوَالِي شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنَّمَا اتَّقَاكَ فَقَالَ لا وَاللهِ مَا اتَّقَيْتُكَ وَلَكِنِّي خِفْتُ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُؤْخَذَ بِالنِّصْفِ فَإِنْ كُنْتَ لا تَخَافُ فَادْفَعِ النِّصْفَ الآخَرَ إِلَى الابْنَةِ فَإِنَّ اللهَ سَيُؤَدِّي عَنْكَ.


9. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad al-Kindiy from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Mithamiy from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhriz who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who made a will to me and died, leaving behind his daughter. He (the Imam) said, ‘Give one-half to his daughter and leave the other half for al-Mawali (friends, guardians or masters).’ I then returned to our people and they said, ‘No, by Allah, there is nothing for al-Mawali.’ I went back to him (the Imam) and informed him that our people say, ‘There is nothing for al-Mawali. He (the Imam) has said so because of fear (taqiyah).’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, by Allah, I did not do so because of fear ( taqiyah ) but I was afraid for you that you will be asked about one-half. If you are not afraid; give the other half also to his daughter and Allah will relieve you of the burden.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/134)