13. One who Does not have Testimony, then Oath is Turned on Him

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1- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَدَّعِي وَلا بَيِّنَةَ لَهُ قَالَ يَسْتَحْلِفُهُ فَإِنْ رَدَّ الْيَمِينَ عَلَى صَاحِبِ الْحَقِّ فَلَمْ يَحْلِفْ فَلا حَقَّ لَهُ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a man who brings a complaint against another but does not have testimony. One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘He must ask him (defendant) to take an oath; and if he turns the oath on the plaintiff who does not take oath, then he has no right.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/282)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ وَلا بَيِّنَةَ لِلْمُدَّعِي قَالَ يُسْتَحْلَفُ أَوْ يَرُدَّ الْيَمِينَ عَلَى صَاحِبِ الْحَقِّ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَلا حَقَّ لَهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who brings a complaint against another but does not have testimony, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He must ask him (defendant) to take an oath, and if he turns the oath on the plaintiff who does not take the oath, then he has no right.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/283)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ قَالَ اسْتِخْرَاجُ الْحُقُوقِ بِأَرْبَعَةِ وُجُوهٍ بِشَهَادَةِ رَجُلَيْنِ عَدْلَيْنِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ رَجُلَيْنِ عَدْلَيْنِ فَرَجُلٌ وَامْرَأَتَانِ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنِ امْرَأَتَانِ فَرَجُلٌ وَيَمِينُ الْمُدَّعِي فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ شَاهِدٌ فَالْيَمِينُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَحْلِفْ [وَ] رَدَّ الْيَمِينَ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي فَهُوَ وَاجِبٌ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَحْلِفَ وَيَأْخُذَ حَقَّهُ فَإِنْ أَبَى أَنْ يَحْلِفَ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ لَهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from the one who narrated to him who has narrated the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There are four ways to prove a case. One way to prove it is the testimony of two just men, if this is not available, then one man and two women, if this is not available, then it is the testimony of one man and the oath of the plaintiff; if there is no witness then the oath is on the defendant. If the defendant does not take the oath and turns it to plaintiff then it is obligatory on him to take the oath to receive his right, and if he declines, there is nothing for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/283)



4- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ وَلَيْسَ لِصَاحِبِ الْحَقِّ بَيِّنَةٌ قَالَ يُسْتَحْلَفُ الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ فَإِنْ أَبَى أَنْ يَحْلِفَ وَقَالَ أَنَا أَرُدُّ الْيَمِينَ عَلَيْكَ لِصَاحِبِ الْحَقِّ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ وَاجِبٌ عَلَى صَاحِبِ الْحَقِّ أَنْ يَحْلِفَ وَيَأْخُذَ مَالَهُ.


4. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah, from certain persons of his people from Aban from a man who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a man who claims to have a right on another man but does not have any testimony. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He can ask the defendant to take an oath, but if he declines and asks the plaintiff to take an oath, then it is obligatory on him to take an oath to receive his right.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/284)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ يُرَدُّ الْيَمِينُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the oath can be turned to the plaintiff.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/284)