21. Inheritance of the Grandfather

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ فَرِيضَةِ الْجَدِّ فَقَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَحَداً مِنَ النَّاسِ قَالَ فِيهَا إِلا بِالرَّأْيِ إِلا عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَإِنَّهُ قَالَ فِيهَا بِقَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه). الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus all from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the ordained share of grandfather. He (the Imam) said, ’I do not know anyone who has spoken about it but that it is his own opinion except Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has spoken about it with the words of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’” Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al- Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Zurarah from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/162)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَبُكَيْرٍ وَالْفُضَيْلِ وَمُحَمَّدٍ وَبُرَيْدٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْجَدَّ مَعَ الإخْوَةِ مِنَ الأبِ يَصِيرُ مِثْلَ وَاحِدٍ مِنَ الإخْوَةِ مَا بَلَغُوا قَالَ قُلْتُ رَجُلٌ تَرَكَ أَخَاهُ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ وَجَدَّهُ أَوْ قُلْتُ تَرَكَ جَدَّهُ وَأَخَاهُ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ قَالَ الْمَالُ بَيْنَهُمَا وَإِنْ كَانَا أَخَوَيْنِ أَوْ مِائَةَ أَلْفٍ فَلَهُ مِثْلُ نَصِيبِ وَاحِدٍ مِنَ الإخْوَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ رَجُلٌ تَرَكَ جَدَّهُ وَأُخْتَهُ فَقَالَ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأنْثَيَيْنِ وَإِنْ كَانَتَا أُخْتَيْنِ فَالنِّصْفُ لِلْجَدِّ وَالنِّصْفُ الآخَرُ لِلأخْتَيْنِ وَإِنْ كُنَّ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَى هَذَا الْحِسَابِ وَإِنْ تَرَكَ إِخْوَةً وَأَخَوَاتٍ لأبٍ وَأُمٍّ أَوْ لأبٍ وَجَدّاً فَالْجَدُّ أَحَدُ الإخْوَةِ فَالْمَالُ بَيْنَهُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأنْثَيَيْنِ قَالَ زُرَارَةُ هَذَا مِمَّا لا يُؤْخَذُ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْ أَبِيهِ وَمِنْهُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ وَلَيْسَ عِنْدَنَا فِي ذَلِكَ شَكٌّ وَلا اخْتِلافٌ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Zurarah and Bukayr and al- Fudayl and Muhammad and Burayd who has narrated the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘ Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘The grandfather with brothers from the father’s side become like one of the brothers regardless of how many they are.’ He (the narrator) has said that I asked, ‘A man has left his brother from his mother and father and his grandfather’, or I asked, ‘He has left his grandfather, his brother from his father and mother.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy is given to them, regardless, one or one hundred thousand he (grandfather) receives the share of one brother.’ I then asked, ‘A man has left behind his grandfather and his sister.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The male receives like the share of two females. If they are two sisters then one- half is for grandfather and the other one-half for the two sisters. However, if they are more, it then is like the above calculation, if he leaves brothers and sisters from father and mother and grandfather then the grandfather is like one of the brothers and the legacy among them is distributed, each male receiving twice the share of a female.’” Zurarah has said, ‘This is what I cannot be questioned for because I heard it from his father and from him (the Imam) before and we have no doubt about it or differences.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/163)



3- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الْجَدُّ يُقَاسِمُ الإخْوَةَ مَا بَلَغُوا وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِائَةَ أَلْفٍ.


3. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from ’Isma‘il al-Ju‘fiy who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The grandfather distributes the legacy with brothers, regardless of how many they are; even if they are one hundred thousand.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/164)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَأُخْتَهُ وَجَدَّهُ قَالَ هَذِهِ مِنْ أَرْبَعَةِ أَسْهُمٍ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعُ وَلِلأخْتِ سَهْمٌ وَلِلْجَدِّ سَهْمَانِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu ‘Ubaydah who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his wife, sister and grandfather, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘This is distributed from four parts, one-fourth for the woman, one share for the sister and two shares for the grandfather.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/164)



5- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ فِي سِتَّةِ إِخْوَةٍ وَجَدٍّ قَالَ لِلْجَدِّ السُّبُعُ.


5. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah, from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying about six brothers and a grandfather, ‘The grandfather is the seventh.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/164)



6- وَعَنْهُ عَنْ عُبَيْسِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ عَنْ مُشْمَعِلِّ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ تَرَكَ خَمْسَةَ إِخْوَةٍ وَجَدّاً قَالَ هِيَ مِنْ سِتَّةٍ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ سَهْمٌ.


6. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ‘Ubays ibn Hisham from Mushma‘il ibn Sa‘d from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who leaves behind five brothers and a grandfather, abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is distributed from six; one part for each’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/164)



7- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الإخْوَةُ مَعَ الْجَدِّ يَعْنِي أَبَا الأبِ يُقَاسِمُ الإخْوَةَ مِنَ الأبِ وَالأمِّ وَالإخْوَةَ مِنَ الأبِ يَكُونُ الْجَدُّ كَوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ مِنَ الذُّكُورِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The grandfather, that is, the father of the father distributes the legacy with brothers from both parents and brothers from the father. The grandfather is like one of them, of the male ones.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/164)



8- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَرَكَ أَخَاهُ لأبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ وَجَدَّهُ قَالَ الْمَالُ بَيْنَهُمَا نِصْفَانِ وَلَوْ كَانَا أَخَوَيْنِ أَوْ مِائَةً كَانَ الْجَدُّ مَعَهُمْ كَوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ لِلْجَدِّ مَا يُصِيبُ وَاحِداً مِنَ الإخْوَةِ قَالَ وَإِنْ تَرَكَ أُخْتَهُ فَلِلْجَدِّ سَهْمَانِ وَلِلأخْتِ سَهْمٌ وَإِنْ كَانَتَا أُخْتَيْنِ فَلِلْجَدِّ النِّصْفُ وَلِلأخْتَيْنِ النِّصْفُ قَالَ وَإِنْ تَرَكَ إِخْوَةً وَأَخَوَاتٍ مِنْ أَبٍ وَأُمٍّ كَانَ الْجَدُّ كَوَاحِدٍ مِنَ الإخْوَةِ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأنْثَيَيْنِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who leaves behind his brother from his father and mother and his grandfather. He (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy between them is half and half. If they are two brothers or a hundred, the grandfather is with them like one of them. The grandfather with them receives a share like the share of one of the brothers.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he leaves behind a sister, then the shares of the grandfather are two shares and the sister receives one share, if the sisters were two, then one-half is for grandfather and one-half for the sisters.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he leaves behind brothers and sisters from his mother and father, the grandfather is like one of the brothers and each male receives twice as much as the share of a female.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/164)



9- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَأُخْتَهُ وَجَدَّهُ قَالَ هَذَا مِنْ أَرْبَعَةِ أَسْهُمٍ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعُ وَلِلأخْتِ سَهْمٌ وَلِلْجَدِّ سَهْمَانِ.


9. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ibn Ri’ab from abu ‘Ubaydah who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his wife, sister and his grandfather, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is distributed from four parts. The woman receives one-fourth, the sister receives one share and the grandfather receives two shares.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/165)



10- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ وَجَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ الْجَدُّ يُقَاسِمُ الإخْوَةَ مَا بَلَغُوا وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِائَةَ أَلْفٍ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman and Jamil ibn Darraj from ’Isma‘il ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Ju‘fiy who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The grandfather distributes the legacy with brothers in equal shares, no matter whatever the number of brothers is.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/165)



11- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَخٌ لأبٍ وَجَدٌّ قَالَ الْمَالُ بَيْنَهُمَا سَوَاءً.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a brother from a father and grandfather. He (the Imam) said, ‘The legacy between them is distributed in equal shares.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/165)