14. One who has Testimony there is no Oath on Him

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُقِيمُ الْبَيِّنَةَ عَلَى حَقِّهِ هَلْ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُسْتَحْلَفَ قَالَ لا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from certain persons of his people from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has testimony; if it is obligatory on him to take an oath. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not obligatory on him/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/284)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا أَقَامَ الرَّجُلُ الْبَيِّنَةَ عَلَى حَقِّهِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ يَمِينٌ فَإِنْ لَمْ يُقِمِ الْبَيِّنَةَ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ الَّذِي ادُّعِيَ عَلَيْهِ الْيَمِينَ فَإِنْ أَبَى أَنْ يَحْلِفَ فَلا حَقَّ لَهُ. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam or others from Aban from abu al-‘Abbas who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man presents testimony to prove his right, it then is not obligatory on him to take an oath; but if he does not present testimony and the defendant turns the oath to him and he (plaintiff) declines to take an oath, he then does not have any right.”’ Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Aban from a man from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/284)