14. The Executor of the Will must Correct the Possible Violation of the Law in the Will

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ رِجَالِهِ قَالَ قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَطْلَقَ لِلْمُوصَى إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُغَيِّرَ الْوَصِيَّةَ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَكَانَ فِيهَا حَيْفٌ وَيَرُدَّهَا إِلَى الْمَعْرُوفِ لِقَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَمَنْ خافَ مِنْ مُوصٍ جَنَفاً أَوْ إِثْماً فَأَصْلَحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from his people who have said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has given permission to the executor of the will to change a will into an acceptable form if any violation of the law exists in it. It is because of the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious. ‘One who is afraid of the testator’s deviations and sin and settles the matter among the parties involved, he has not committed a sin. Allah is All-forgiving and All-merciful. 5 ” (2:182)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/34)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُوقَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ اللهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَمَنْ بَدَّلَهُ بَعْدَ ما سَمِعَهُ فَإِنَّما إِثْمُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يُبَدِّلُونَهُ قَالَ نَسَخَتْهَا الآيَةُ الَّتِي بَعْدَهَا قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَمَنْ خافَ مِنْ مُوصٍ جَنَفاً أَوْ إِثْماً فَأَصْلَحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ يَعْنِي الْمُوصَى إِلَيْهِ إِنْ خَافَ جَنَفاً مِنَ الْمُوصِي فِيمَا أَوْصَى بِهِ إِلَيْهِ مِمَّا لا يَرْضَى اللهُ بِهِ مِنْ خِلافِ الْحَقِّ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ أَيْ عَلَى الْمُوصَى إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُبَدِّلَهُ إِلَى الْحَقِّ وَإِلَى مَا يَرْضَى اللهُ بِهِ مِنْ سَبِيلِ الْخَيْرِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Sawqah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘Whoever intentionally changes the will of a deceased person, has committed a sin. Allah is All-hearing and All-knowing. 5 (2:181) He (the Imam) said, ‘The following verse is a (modified) copy of this verse: ‘One who is afraid of the testator’s deviations and sin and settles the matter among the parties involved, he has not committed a sin. Allah is All-forgiving and All- merciful. 5 (2:182) If the executor fears for the testator’s deviation from the law in his will, then it is not a sin for the executor to bring it in conformity with the truth according to the happiness of Allah and following the path of virtue. 555


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/34)