17. The Witnesses who are Rejected

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَا يُرَدُّ مِنَ الشُّهُودِ قَالَ فَقَالَ الظَّنِينُ وَالْمُتَّهَمُ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَالْفَاسِقُ وَالْخَائِنُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ يَدْخُلُ فِي الظَّنِينِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the kind of witnesses whose testimony is rejected. He (the Imam) said, ‘Of such people are a pessimist and an accused.’ I then asked, ‘What about a sinful and a treacherous one?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Such ones are included in “pessimist”.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/247)



2- عَنْهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الَّذِي يُرَدُّ مِنَ الشُّهُودِ فَقَالَ الظَّنِينُ وَالْخَصْمُ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَالْفَاسِقُ وَالْخَائِنُ قَالَ فَقَالَ كُلُّ هَذَا يَدْخُلُ فِي الظَّنِينِ.


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the witnesses whose testimony is rejected. He (the Imam) said, ‘Of such people are a pessimist and an antagonist.’ I then asked, ‘What about a sinful and a treacherous one?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Such ones are included in “pessimist”.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/248)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَمَّا يُرَدُّ مِنَ الشُّهُودِ فَقَالَ الظَّنِينُ وَالْمُتَّهَمُ وَالْخَصْمُ قَالَ قُلْتُ الْفَاسِقُ وَالْخَائِنُ قَالَ كُلُّ هَذَا يَدْخُلُ فِي الظَّنِينِ‏.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan from Shu’ayb from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the witnesses whose testimonies are rejected. He (the Imam) said, ‘He (the Imam) said, ‘Of such people are a pessimist, an accused and an antagonist.’ I then asked, ‘What about a sinful and a treacherous one?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Such ones are included in “pessimist”.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/248)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ وَلَدِ الزِّنَى أَتَجُوزُ شَهَادَتُهُ فَقَالَ لا فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ الْحَكَمَ بْنَ عُتَيْبَةَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهَا تَجُوزُ قَالَ اللهُمَّ لا تَغْفِرْ ذَنْبَهُ مَا قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِلْحَكَمِ بْنِ عُتَيْبَةَ وَإِنَّهُ لَذِكْرٌ لَكَ وَلِقَوْمِكَ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Aban from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the testimony of one who is born out of wedlock if it is acceptable. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not acceptable.’ I then said that al-Hakam ibn al-‘Utaybah considers it acceptable. He (the Imam) said, ‘O Lord, do not forgive his sin. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has not said to al-Hakam ibn ‘Utaybah, ‘. . . it is a reminder for you and your people.’ ( 43 : 44 )”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/248)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ جَرَّاحٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لا أَقْبَلُ شَهَادَةَ الْفَاسِقِ إِلا عَلَى نَفْسِهِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from ands from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from Jarrah al-Mad’iniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘I do not accept the testimony of a sinful man except against his own-self.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/249)



6- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا تَجُوزُ شَهَادَةُ وَلَدِ الزِّنَى.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The testimony of one born out of wedlock is not admissible.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/249)



7- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ لا يَقْبَلُ شَهَادَةَ فَحَّاشٍ وَلا ذِي مُخْزِيَةٍ فِي الدِّينِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would not accept the testimony of persons of offensive manners and those humiliated by law.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/249)



8- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لَوْ أَنَّ أَرْبَعَةً شَهِدُوا عِنْدِي عَلَى رَجُلٍ بِالزِّنَى وَفِيهِمْ وَلَدُ الزِّنَى لَحَدَدْتُهُمْ جَمِيعاً لأنَّهُ لا تَجُوزُ شَهَادَتُهُ وَلا يَؤُمُّ النَّاسَ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from ibn Faddal from Muhammad al-Ash‘ariy from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah from his father who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘If four men among whom one is born out of wedlock testify before me against a man for fornication I will execute penalty on them all because his testimony is not acceptable and he cannot lead the people in Salat (prayer).’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/249)



9- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أُكَيْلٍ النُّمَيْرِيِّ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ سَيَابَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَةُ صَاحِبِ النَّرْدِ وَالأرْبَعَةَ عَشَرَ وَصَاحِبِ الشَّاهَيْنِ يَقُولُ لا وَاللهِ وَبَلَى وَاللهِ مَاتَ وَاللهِ شَاهٌ وَقُتِلَ وَاللهِ شَاهٌ وَمَا مَاتَ وَمَا قُتِلَ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Musa from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ali from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Musa b ’Ukayl al-Numayriy from al-‘Ala’ ibn Sayabah who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Testimony of the following people is not acceptable. (Of such people is) one who plays dice, (backgammon), or the game played with fourteen pieces of tokens and a friend (player) of Shahayn (the two kings) which means chess who says, ‘No, by Allah and yes by Allah. His king by Allah is dead and his king is killed but it is not dead or killed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/249)



10- وَبِهَذَا الإسْنَادِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَةُ سَابِقِ الْحَاجِّ لأنَّهُ قَتَلَ رَاحِلَتَهُ وَأَفْنَى زَادَهُ وَأَتْعَبَ نَفْسَهُ وَاسْتَخَفَّ بِصَلاتِهِ قُلْتُ فَالْمُكَارِي وَالْجَمَّالُ وَالْمَلاحُ قَالَ فَقَالَ وَمَا بَأْسٌ بِهِمْ تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُمْ إِذَا كَانُوا صُلَحَاءَ.


10. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith, the following is narrated: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The testimony of one who goes before al-Hujjaj (travelers for al-Hajj) as a precursor, is not acceptable because he kills his stumper, depletes his supplies, tires himself and treats his Salat (prayer) lightly.’ I then asked about the one who provides transportation for hire, camel man and boat operators. He (the Imam) said, ‘They are not bad and their testimony is acceptable if they are virtuous people.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/250)



11- وَبِهَذَا الإسْنَادِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يُصَلَّى خَلْفَ مَنْ يَبْتَغِي عَلَى الأذَانِ وَالصَّلاةِ الأجْرَ وَلا تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُ.


11. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith, the following is narrated: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Performing Salat (prayer) behind one who asks payment for saying Adhan (call for Salat (prayer)) and Salat (prayer) and his testimony are not admissible.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/250)



12- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأصَمِّ عَنْ مِسْمَعِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لَمْ يَكُنْ يُجِيزُ شَهَادَةَ سَابِقِ الْحَاجِّ.


12. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al- Rahman al-Asamm from Misma‘ ibn ‘Abd al-Malik who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would not allow the testimony of one who moves before al-Hujjaj (pilgrims to Makkah) as a precursor.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/251)



13- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ رَدَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) شَهَادَةَ السَّائِلِ الَّذِي يَسْأَلُ فِي كَفِّهِ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لأنَّهُ لا يُؤْمَنُ عَلَى الشَّهَادَةِ وَذَلِكَ لأنَّهُ إِنْ أُعْطِيَ رَضِيَ وَإِنْ مُنِعَ سَخِطَ.


13. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ibn Faddal from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, rejected the testimony of a beggar who extends his hand for help. It is because he does not believe in testimony in the sense that if one gives to him something he is happy and if he does not give anything he becomes angry.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/251)



14- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ السَّائِلِ الَّذِي يَسْأَلُ فِي كَفِّهِ هَلْ تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُ فَقَالَ كَانَ أَبِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يَقْبَلُ شَهَادَتَهُ إِذَا سَأَلَ فِي كَفِّهِ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-‘Amrakiy ibn Ali from Ali ibn Ja‘far from his brother who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a beggar man who extends his hand for begging, if his testimony is acceptable. He (the Imam) said, ‘My father would not accept his testimony if he extended his hand for begging.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/251)